Meaning of DECLINE in English


[de.cline] vb de.clined ; [ME, fr. MF decliner, fr. L declinare to turn aside, inflect, fr. de- + clinare to incline--more at lean] vi (14c) 1 archaic: to turn from a straight course: stray

2. a: to slope downward: descend b: to bend down: droop c: to stoop to what is unworthy 3 a of a celestial body: to sink toward setting b: to draw toward a close: wane "the day declined"

4: to tend toward an inferior state or weaker condition "his health declined"

5: to withhold consent

6: to become less in amount "prices declined" ~ vt 1: to give in prescribed order the grammatical forms of (a noun, pronoun, or adjective)

2. obs a: avert b: avoid

3: to cause to bend or bow downward

4. a: to refuse to undertake, undergo, engage in, or comply with b: to refuse esp. courteously "~ an invitation" -- adj -- n syn decline, refuse, reject, repudiate, spurn mean to turn away by not accepting, receiving, or considering. decline often implies courteous refusal esp. of offers or invitations "declined his party's nomination". refuse suggests more positiveness or ungraciousness and often implies the denial of something asked for "refused to lend them the money". reject implies a peremptory refusal by sending away or discarding "rejected the manuscript as unpublishable". repudiate implies a casting off or disowning as untrue, unauthorized, or unworthy of acceptance "teenagers who repudiate the values of their parents". spurn stresses contempt or disdain in rejection or repudiation "spurned his overtures of friendship".

[2]decline n (14c) 1: the process of declining: a: a gradual physical or mental sinking and wasting away b: a change to a lower state or level

2: the period during which something is deteriorating or approaching its end

3: a downward slope: declivity

4: a wasting disease; esp: pulmonary tuberculosis syn see deterioration

Merriam-Webster English vocab.      Английский словарь Merriam Webster.