Meaning of DECLINE in English

DECLINE

/ dɪˈklaɪn; NAmE / noun , verb

■ noun

[ C , usually sing. , U ] decline (in sth) | decline (of sth) a continuous decrease in the number, value, quality, etc. of sth :

a rapid / sharp / gradual decline

urban / economic decline

The company reported a small decline in its profits.

An increase in cars has resulted in the decline of public transport.

The town fell into (a) decline (= started to be less busy, important, etc.) after the mine closed.

Industry in Britain has been in decline since the 1970s.

■ verb

1.

[ v ] to become smaller, fewer, weaker, etc. :

Support for the party continues to decline.

The number of tourists to the resort declined by 10% last year.

Her health was declining rapidly.

2.

( formal ) to refuse politely to accept or to do sth

SYN refuse :

[ v ]

I offered to give them a lift but they declined.

[ vn ]

to decline an offer / invitation

[ v to inf ]

Their spokesman declined to comment on the allegations.

3.

[ v , vn ] ( grammar ) if a noun, an adjective or a pronoun declines , it has different forms according to whether it is the subject or the object of a verb, whether it is in the singular or plural, etc. When you decline a noun, etc., you list these forms.

—compare conjugate

IDIOMS

- sb's declining years

••

WORD ORIGIN

late Middle English : from Old French decliner , from Latin declinare bend down, turn aside, from de- down + clinare to bend.

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.