Meaning of AVERAGE in English

I. ˈa-v(ə-)rij noun

Etymology: from earlier average proportionally distributed charge for damage at sea, modification of Middle French avarie damage to ship or cargo, from Old Italian avaria, from Arabic ‘awārīya damaged merchandise

Date: 1732


a. : a single value (as a mean, mode, or median) that summarizes or represents the general significance of a set of unequal values

b. : mean 1b


a. : an estimation of or approximation to an arithmetic mean

b. : a level (as of intelligence) typical of a group, class, or series

above the average

3. : a ratio expressing the average performance especially of an athletic team or an athlete computed according to the number of opportunities for successful performance

- on average


average , mean , median , norm mean something that represents a middle point. average is exactly or approximately the quotient obtained by dividing the sum total of a set of figures by the number of figures

scored an average of 85 on tests

mean may be the simple average or it may represent value midway between two extremes

a high of 70° and a low of 50° give a mean of 60°

median applies to the value that represents the point at which there are as many instances above as there are below

average of a group of persons earning 3, 4, 5, 8, and 10 dollars an hour is 6 dollars, whereas the median is 5 dollars

norm means the computed or estimated average of performance of a significantly large group, class, or grade

scores about the norm for fifth grade arithmetic

II. adjective

Date: 1770

1. : equaling an arithmetic mean


a. : being about midway between extremes

a man of average height

b. : not out of the ordinary : common

the average person

• av·er·age·ly adverb

• av·er·age·ness noun

III. verb

( av·er·aged ; av·er·ag·ing )

Date: 1769

intransitive verb


a. : to be or come to an average

the gain averaged out to 20 percent

b. : to have a medial value of

a color averaging a pale purple

2. : to buy on a falling market or sell on a rising market additional shares or commodities so as to obtain a more favorable average price — usually used with down or up

transitive verb

1. : to do, get, or have on the average or as an average sum or quantity

average s 12 hours of work a day

2. : to find the arithmetic mean of (a series of unequal quantities)


a. : to bring toward the average

b. : to divide among a number proportionately

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.