Meaning of CIRCUIT in English

I. ˈsər-kət noun

Usage: often attributive

Etymology: Middle English, from Middle French & Latin; Middle French circuite, from Latin circuitus, from circumire, circuire to go around, from circum- + ire to go — more at issue

Date: 14th century


a. : a usually circular line encompassing an area

b. : the space enclosed within such a line


a. : a course around a periphery

b. : a circuitous or indirect route


a. : a regular tour (as by a traveling judge or preacher) around an assigned district or territory

b. : the route traveled

c. : a group of church congregations ministered to by one pastor


a. : the complete path of an electric current including usually the source of electric energy

b. : an assemblage of electronic elements : hookup

c. : a two-way communication path between points (as in a computer)

d. : a neuronal pathway of the brain along which electrical and chemical signals travel


a. : an association of similar groups : league

b. : a number or series of public outlets (as theaters, radio shows, or arenas) offering the same kind of presentation

c. : a number of similar social gatherings

the cocktail circuit

• cir·cuit·al -kə-t ə l adjective

II. verb

Date: 15th century

transitive verb

: to make a circuit about

intransitive verb

: to make a circuit

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.