Meaning of COVER in English

COVER

I. ˈkə-vər verb

( cov·ered ; cov·er·ing ˈkəv-riŋ, ˈkə-və-)

Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French coverir, covrir, from Latin cooperire, from co- + operire to close, cover

Date: 13th century

transitive verb

1.

a. : to guard from attack

b.

(1) : to have within the range of one's guns : command

(2) : to hold within range of an aimed firearm

c.

(1) : to afford protection or security to : insure

(2) : to afford protection against or compensation for

a policy cover ing loss by fire

d.

(1) : to guard (an opponent) in order to obstruct a play

a linebacker assigned to cover the tight end

(2) : to be in position to receive a throw to (a base in baseball)

the shortstop was cover ing second

e.

(1) : to make provision for (a demand or charge) by means of a reserve or deposit

your balance is insufficient to cover the check

(2) : to maintain a check on especially by patrolling

(3) : to protect by contrivance or expedient

2.

a. : to hide from sight or knowledge : conceal

cover up a scandal

b. : to lie over : envelop

a blanket cover ing her legs

3. : to lay or spread something over : overlay

cover the seed bed with straw

4.

a. : to spread over

snow cover ed the hills

b. : to appear here and there on the surface of

a region cover ed with lakes

5. : to place or set a cover or covering over

cover the pot

6.

a. : to copulate with (a female animal)

a horse cover s a mare

b. : to sit on and incubate (eggs)

7. : to invest with a large or excessive amount of something

cover ed herself with glory

8. : to play a higher-ranking card on (a previously played card)

9. : to have sufficient scope to include or take into account

an examination cover ing a full year's work

10. : to deal with : treat

material cover ed in the first chapter

11.

a. : to have as one's territory or field of activity

one sales rep cover s the whole state

b. : to report news about

reporters cover ing the campaign

12. : to pass over : traverse

the hikers cover ed 12 miles that day

13. : to defray the cost of

cover expenses

14. : to place one's stake in equal jeopardy with in a bet

15. : to buy securities or commodities for delivery against (an earlier short sale)

16. : to record or perform a cover of (a song)

intransitive verb

1. : to conceal something illicit, blameworthy, or embarrassing from notice — usually used with up

2. : to act as a substitute or replacement during an absence

• cov·er·able ˈkəv-rə-bəl, ˈkə-və- adjective

• co·ver·er ˈkə-vər-ər noun

- cover one's tracks

- cover the ground

II. noun

Usage: often attributive

Date: 14th century

1. : something that protects, shelters, or guards: as

a. : natural shelter for an animal ; also : the factors that provide such shelter

b.

(1) : a position or situation affording protection from enemy fire

(2) : the protection offered by airplanes in tactical support of a military operation

c. British : coverage 1a, b, 2a

2. : something that is placed over or about another thing:

a. : lid , top

b. : a binding or case for a book or the analogous part of a magazine ; also : the front or back of such a binding

c. : an overlay or outer layer especially for protection

a mattress cover

d. : a tablecloth and the other table accessories

e. : cover charge

f. : roof

g. : a cloth used on a bed for warmth or for decoration — usually used in plural

lying under the cover s

h. : something (as vegetation or snow) that covers the ground

i. : the extent to which clouds obscure the sky

3.

a. : something that conceals or obscures

under cover of darkness

b. : a masking device : pretext

the project was a cover for intelligence operations

4. : an envelope or wrapper for mail

5. : one who substitutes for another during an absence

6. : a recording or performance of a song previously recorded by another performer

• cov·er·less ˈkə-vər-ləs adjective

- under cover

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.