Meaning of ESCAPE in English


I. is-ˈkāp, es-, dialect iks-ˈkāp verb

( es·caped ; es·cap·ing )

Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French escaper, eschaper, from Vulgar Latin * excappare, from Latin ex- + Late Latin cappa head covering, cloak

Date: 13th century

intransitive verb


a. : to get away (as by flight)

escaped from prison

b. : to issue from confinement

gas is escaping

c. of a plant : to run wild from cultivation

2. : to avoid a threatening evil

the boat sank but the crew escaped

transitive verb

1. : to get free of : break away from

escape the jungle

escape the solar system

2. : to get or stay out of the way of : avoid

efforts to escape poverty

3. : to fail to be noticed or recallable by

his name escape s me


a. : to issue from

a smile escaped me

b. : to be uttered involuntarily by

a sigh of relief escaped her

• es·cap·er noun


escape , avoid , evade , elude , shun , eschew mean to get away or keep away from something. escape stresses the fact of getting away or being passed by not necessarily through effort or by conscious intent

nothing escapes her sharp eyes

avoid stresses forethought and caution in keeping clear of danger or difficulty

try to avoid past errors

evade implies adroitness, ingenuity, or lack of scruple in escaping or avoiding

evaded the question by changing the subject

elude implies a slippery or baffling quality in the person or thing that escapes

what she sees in him eludes me

shun often implies an avoiding as a matter of habitual practice or policy and may imply repugnance or abhorrence

you have shunned your responsibilities

eschew implies an avoiding or abstaining from as unwise or distasteful

a playwright who eschews melodrama

II. noun

Date: 14th century

1. : an act or instance of escaping: as

a. : flight from confinement

b. : evasion of something undesirable

c. : leakage or outflow especially of a fluid

d. : distraction or relief from routine or reality

2. : a means of escape

3. : a cultivated plant run wild

III. adjective

Date: 1817

1. : providing a means of escape

escape literature

2. : providing a means of evading a regulation, claim, or commitment

an escape clause in a contract

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.