Meaning of FIELD in English

I. ˈfēld noun

Etymology: Middle English, from Old English feld; akin to Old High German feld field, Old English flōr floor — more at floor

Date: before 12th century



(1) : an open land area free of woods and buildings

(2) : an area of land marked by the presence of particular objects or features

dune field s


(1) : an area of cleared enclosed land used for cultivation or pasture

a field of wheat

(2) : land containing a natural resource

(3) : airfield

c. : the place where a battle is fought ; also : battle

d. : a large unbroken expanse (as of ice)


a. : an area or division of an activity, subject, or profession

b. : the sphere of practical operation outside a base (as a laboratory, office, or factory)

geologists working in the field

c. : an area for military exercises or maneuvers


(1) : an area constructed, equipped, or marked for sports

(2) : the portion of an indoor or outdoor sports area enclosed by the running track and on which field events are conducted

(3) : any of the three sections of a baseball outfield

hits to all field s

3. : a space on which something is drawn or projected: as

a. : the space on the surface of a coin, medal, or seal that does not contain the design

b. : the ground of each division in a flag

c. : the whole surface of an escutcheon

4. : the individuals that make up all or part of the participants in a contest ; especially : all participants with the exception of the favorite or the winner in a contest where more than two are entered

5. : the area visible through the lens of an optical instrument


a. : a region or space in which a given effect (as magnetism) exists

b. : a region of embryonic tissue capable of a particular type of differentiation

a morphogenetic field

7. : a set of mathematical elements that is subject to two binary operations the second of which is distributive relative to the first and that constitutes a commutative group under the first operation and also under the second if the zero or unit element under the first is omitted

8. : a complex of forces that serve as causative agents in human behavior

9. : a series of drain tiles and an absorption area for septic-tank outflow

10. : a particular area (as of a record in a database) in which the same type of information is regularly recorded

- from the field

II. adjective

Date: 12th century

: of or relating to a field: as

a. : growing in or inhabiting the fields or open country

b. : made, conducted, or used in the field

c. : operating or active in the field

III. verb

Date: 1823

transitive verb


a. : to catch or pick up (as a batted ball) and usually throw to a teammate

b. : to take care of or respond to (as a telephone call or a request)

c. : to give an impromptu answer or solution to

the senator field ed the reporters' questions

2. : to put into the field

field an army

field a team

also : to enter in competition

intransitive verb

: to play as a fielder

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.