Meaning of ORBIT in English


I. ˈȯr-bət noun

Etymology: Middle English, from Medieval Latin orbita, from Latin, rut, track, probably from orbis

Date: 15th century

: the bony socket of the eye

• or·bit·al ˈȯr-bə-t ə l adjective

II. noun

Etymology: Latin orbita path, rut, orbit

Date: 1696


a. : a path described by one body in its revolution about another (as by the earth about the sun or by an electron about an atomic nucleus) ; also : one complete revolution of a body describing such a path

b. : a circular path

2. : a range or sphere of activity or influence

within the president's orbit

Synonyms: see range

• orbital adjective

III. verb

Date: 1943

transitive verb

1. : to revolve in an orbit around : circle

2. : to send up and make revolve in an orbit

orbit a satellite

intransitive verb

: to travel in circles

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.