Meaning of RANK in English

I. ˈraŋk adjective

Etymology: Middle English, from Old English ranc overbearing, strong; akin to Old Norse rakkr erect and perhaps to Old English riht right — more at right

Date: 13th century

1. : luxuriantly or excessively vigorous in growth

2. : offensively gross or coarse : foul

3. obsolete : grown too large


a. : shockingly conspicuous

must lecture him on his rank disloyalty — David Walden

b. : outright — used as an intensive

rank beginners

5. archaic : lustful , ruttish

6. : offensive in odor or flavor ; especially : rancid

7. : putrid , festering

8. : high in amount or degree : fraught

Synonyms: see malodorous , flagrant

• rank·ly adverb

• rank·ness noun

II. noun

Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French renc, reng, of Germanic origin; akin to Old High German hring ring — more at ring

Date: 14th century


a. : row , series

b. : a row of people


(1) : a line of soldiers ranged side by side in close order

(2) plural : armed forces

(3) plural : the body of enlisted personnel

d. : any of the rows of squares that extend across a chessboard perpendicular to the files

e. British : stand 6


a. : relative standing or position

b. : a degree or position of dignity, eminence, or excellence : distinction

soon took rank as a leading attorney — J. D. Hicks

c. : high social position

the privileges of rank

d. : a grade of official standing in a hierarchy

3. : an orderly arrangement : formation

4. : an aggregate of individuals classed together — usually used in plural

5. : the order according to some statistical characteristic (as the score on a test)

6. : any of a series of classes of coal based on increasing alteration of the parent vegetable matter, increasing carbon content, and increasing fuel value

7. : the number of linearly independent rows or columns in a matrix

III. verb

Date: 1573

transitive verb

1. : to arrange in lines or in a regular formation

2. : to determine the relative position of : rate

a highly rank ed prospect

3. : to take precedence of

intransitive verb

1. : to form or move in ranks

2. : to take or have a position in relation to others

rank s first in her class

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.