Meaning of ROCK in English


I. ˈräk verb

Etymology: Middle English rokken, from Old English roccian; akin to Old High German rucken to cause to move

Date: 12th century

transitive verb

1. : to move back and forth in or as if in a cradle


a. : to cause to sway back and forth

a boat rock ed by the waves


(1) : to cause to shake violently

(2) : to daze with or as if with a vigorous blow

a hard right rock ed the contender

(3) : to astonish or disturb greatly

the scandal rock ed the community

3. : to rouse to excitement (as by performing rock music)

rock ed the crowd

intransitive verb

1. : to become moved backward and forward under often violent impact ; also : to move gently back and forth

2. : to move forward at a steady pace ; also : to move forward at a high speed

the train rock ed through the countryside

3. : to sing, dance to, or play rock music

4. slang : to be extremely enjoyable, pleasing, or effective

her new car rock s

Synonyms: see shake

- rock the boat

II. noun

Usage: often attributive

Date: 1823

1. : a rocking movement

2. : popular music usually played on electronically amplified instruments and characterized by a persistent heavily accented beat, repetition of simple phrases, and often country, folk, and blues elements

III. noun

Etymology: Middle English roc, from Middle Dutch rocke; akin to Old High German rocko distaff

Date: 14th century

1. : distaff

2. : the wool or flax on a distaff

IV. noun

Etymology: Middle English rokke, from Old French dialect (Norman & Picard) roke, from Vulgar Latin * rocca

Date: 14th century

1. : a large mass of stone forming a cliff, promontory, or peak

2. : a concreted mass of stony material ; also : broken pieces of such masses

3. : consolidated or unconsolidated solid mineral matter ; also : a particular mass of it


a. : something like a rock in firmness:

(1) : foundation , support

(2) : refuge

a rock of independent thought…in an ocean of parochialism — Thomas Molnar

b. : something that threatens or causes disaster — often used in plural


a. : a flavored stick candy with color running through

b. : rock candy 1

6. slang

a. : gem

b. : diamond


a. : a small crystallized mass of crack cocaine

b. : crack 9

8. : the ball used in basketball

• rock adjective

• rock·like ˈräk-ˌlīk adjective

- between a rock and a hard place

- on the rocks

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.