Meaning of VERBAL in English

I. ˈvər-bəl adjective

Etymology: Middle English verbale, from Late Latin verbalis, from Latin verbum word

Date: 15th century


a. : of, relating to, or consisting of words

verbal instructions

b. : of, relating to, or involving words rather than meaning or substance

a consistency that is merely verbal and scholastic — B. N. Cardozo

c. : consisting of or using words only and not involving action

verbal abuse

2. : of, relating to, or formed from a verb

a verbal adjective

3. : spoken rather than written

a verbal contract

4. : verbatim , word-for-word

a verbal translation

5. : of or relating to facility in the use and comprehension of words

verbal aptitude

• ver·bal·ly -bə-lē adverb

II. noun

Date: 1530

: a word that combines characteristics of a verb with those of a noun or adjective — compare gerund , infinitive , participle

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.