Meaning of ABSTRACT in English

ABSTRACT

adjective , noun , verb

■ adjective / ˈæbstrækt; NAmE /

1.

based on general ideas and not on any particular real person, thing or situation :

abstract knowledge / principles

The research shows that pre-school children are capable of thinking in abstract terms.

—compare concrete adjective (2)

2.

existing in thought or as an idea but not having a physical reality :

We may talk of beautiful things but beauty itself is abstract.

3.

( of art ) not representing people or things in a realistic way, but expressing the artist's ideas about them

—compare figurative (2), representational

►  ab·stract·ly adverb

■ noun /ˈæbstrækt/

1.

an abstract work of art

2.

a short piece of writing containing the main ideas in a document

SYN summary

IDIOMS

- in the abstract

■ verb / æbˈstrækt/ [ vn ]

1.

~ sth (from sth) to remove sth from somewhere :

She abstracted the main points from the argument.

a plan to abstract 8 million gallons of water from the river

2.

( technical ) to make a written summary of a book, etc.

••

WORD ORIGIN

Middle English : from Latin abstractus , literally drawn away, past participle of abstrahere , from ab- from + trahere draw off.

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.