Meaning of ABSTRACT in English

ABSTRACT

adj., v., & n.

--adj.

1. a to do with or existing in thought rather than matter, or in theory rather than practice; not tangible or concrete (abstract questions rarely concerned him). b (of a word, esp. a noun) denoting a quality or condition or intangible thing rather than a concrete object.

2 (of art) achieving its effect by grouping shapes and colours in satisfying patterns rather than by the recognizable representation of physical reality.

--v.

1. tr. (often foll. by from) take out of; extract; remove.

2 a tr. summarize (an article, book, etc.). b intr. do this as an occupation.

3 tr. & refl. (often foll. by from) disengage (a person's attention etc.); distract.

4 tr. (foll. by from) consider abstractly or separately from something else.

5 tr. euphem. steal.

--n.

1. a summary or statement of the contents of a book etc.

2 an abstract work of art.

3 an abstraction or abstract term.

Phrases and idioms:

abstract expressionism a development of abstract art which aims at a subjective emotional expression of an ideal rather than a picture of a physical object. in the abstract in theory rather than in practice.

Derivatives:

abstractly adv. abstractor n. (in sense 2 of v.).

Etymology: ME f. OF abstract or L abstractus past part. of abstrahere (as AB-, trahere draw)

Oxford English vocab.      Оксфордский английский словарь.