Meaning of ARTIFICIAL in English

ARTIFICIAL

/ ˌɑːtɪˈfɪʃl; NAmE ˌɑːrt-/ adjective

1.

made or produced to copy sth natural; not real :

an artificial limb / flower / sweetener / fertilizer

artificial lighting / light

2.

created by people; not happening naturally :

A job interview is a very artificial situation.

the artificial barriers of race, class and gender

3.

not what it appears to be

SYN fake :

artificial emotion

►  ar·ti·fi·ci·al·ity / ˌɑːtɪˌfɪʃiˈæləti; NAmE ˌɑːrt-/ noun [ U ]

►  ar·ti·fi·cial·ly / ˌɑːtɪˈfɪʃəli; NAmE ˌɑːrt-/ adverb :

artificially created lakes

artificially low prices

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SYNONYMS

artificial

synthetic ♦ false ♦ man-made ♦ fake ♦ imitation

These words all describe things that are not real, or not naturally produced or grown.

artificial

made or produced to copy sth natural; not real:

artificial flowers

artificial light

synthetic

made by combining chemical substances rather than being produced naturally by plants or animals:

synthetic drugs

shoes with synthetic soles

false

not natural:

false teeth

a false beard

man-made

made by people; not natural:

man-made fibres such as nylon

fake

made to look like sth else; not real:

a fake-fur jacket

imitation

[only before noun] made to look like sth else; not real:

She would never wear imitation pearls.

PATTERNS AND COLLOCATIONS :

to be / look artificial / synthetic / false / man-made / fake

artificial / synthetic / man-made fabrics / fibres / materials / products

artificial / synthetic / fake / imitation fur / leather

artificial / synthetic / false / fake / imitation diamonds / pearls

a fake tan

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WORD ORIGIN

late Middle English : from Old French artificiel or Latin artificialis , from artificium handicraft, based on ars , art- art + facere make.

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.