Meaning of BLACK in English
/ blæk; NAmE / adjective , noun , verb
( black·er , black·est )
having the very darkest colour, like night or coal :
a shiny black car
black storm clouds
WITH NO LIGHT
without light; completely dark :
a black night
(also Black ) belonging to a race of people who have dark skin; connected with black people :
a black woman writer
HELP NOTE : Black is the word most widely used and generally accepted in Britain. In the US the currently accepted term is African American .
TEA / COFFEE
without milk :
Two black coffees, please.
very dirty; covered with dirt :
chimneys black with smoke
Go and wash your hands; they're absolutely black!
full of anger or hatred :
She's been in a really black mood all day.
Rory shot her a black look.
without hope; very depressing :
The future looks pretty black.
It's been another black day for the north-east with the announcement of further job losses.
( literary ) evil or immoral :
black deeds / lies
dealing with unpleasant or terrible things, such as murder, in a humorous way :
'Good place to bury the bodies,' she joked with black humour .
The play is a black comedy .
► black·ness noun [ U , sing. ]:
She peered out into the blackness of the night.
- (beat sb) black and blue
- not as black as he / she / it is painted
—more at pot noun
[ U ] the very darkest colour, like night or coal :
the black of the night sky
Everyone at the funeral was dressed in black.
(also Black ) [ C , usually pl. ] a member of a race of people who have dark skin
HELP NOTE : In this meaning black is more common in the plural. It can sound offensive in the singular. Instead, you can use the adjective ('a black man / woman') or, in the US, African American .
- be in the black
- black and white
- in black and white
- (in) black and white
■ verb [ vn ]
( BrE ) to refuse to deal with goods or to do business with sb as a political protest
SYN boycott :
The unions have blacked all imports from the country.
to make sth black
- black out
- black sth out
Old English blæc , of Germanic origin.
Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary. Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне. 2005