Meaning of LIMIT in English

LIMIT

/ ˈlɪmɪt; NAmE / noun , verb

■ noun

1.

limit (to sth) a point at which sth stops being possible or existing :

There is a limit to the amount of pain we can bear.

The team performed to the limit of its capabilities.

She knew the limits of her power.

to push / stretch / test sb/sth to the limit

His arrogance knew (= had) no limits .

2.

limit (on sth) the greatest or smallest amount of sth that is allowed

SYN restriction :

a time / speed / age limit

The EU has set strict limits on levels of pollution.

They were travelling at a speed that was double the legal limit .

You can't drive—you're over the limit (= you have drunk more alcohol than is legal when driving) .

3.

the furthest edge of an area or a place :

We were reaching the limits of civilization.

the city limits (= the imaginary line which officially divides the city from the area outside)

—see also off-limits

IDIOMS

- be the limit

- within limits

—more at sky

■ verb [ vn ]

1.

limit sth (to sth) to stop sth from increasing beyond a particular amount or level

SYN restrict :

measures to limit carbon dioxide emissions from cars

The amount of money you have to spend will limit your choice.

2.

limit yourself / sb (to sth) to restrict or reduce the amount of sth that you or sb can have or use :

Families are limited to four free tickets each.

I've limited myself to 1 000 calories a day to try and lose weight.

PHRASAL VERBS

- limit sth to sb/sth

••

SYNONYMS

limit

restriction ♦ control ♦ constraint ♦ restraint ♦ limitation

These are all words for sth that limits what you can do or what can happen.

limit

the greatest or smallest amount of sth that is allowed:

The EU has set strict limits on pollution levels.

the speed limit

restriction

( rather formal ) a rule or law that limits what you can do:

There are no restrictions on the amount of money you can withdraw.

control

(often in compounds) the act of limiting or managing sth; a method of doing this:

arms control

constraint

( rather formal ) a fact or decision that limits what you can do:

We have to work within severe constraints of time and money.

restraint

( rather formal ) a decision, a rule, an idea, etc. that limits what you can do; the act of limiting sth because it is necessary or sensible to do so:

The government has imposed export restraints on some products.

The unions are unlikely to accept any sort of wage restraint.

limitation

the act or process of limiting sth; a rule, fact or condition that limits sth:

They would resist any limitation of their powers.

restriction, constraint, restraint or limitation?

These are all things that limit what you can do. A restriction is rule or law that is made by sb in authority. A constraint is sth that exists rather than sth that is made, although it may exist as a result of sb's decision. A restraint is also sth that exists: it can exist outside yourself, as the result of sb else's decision; but it can also exist inside you, as a fear of what other people may think or as your own feeling about what is acceptable:

moral / social / cultural restraints.

A limitation is more general and can be a rule that sb makes or a fact or condition that exists.

PATTERNS AND COLLOCATIONS :

limits / restrictions / controls / constraints / restraints / limitations on sth

limits / limitations to sth

tight / severe limits / restrictions / controls / constraints / restraints / limitations

economic / legal / spending limits / restrictions / controls / constraints / restraints / limitations

pay / wage limits / restrictions / controls / constraints / restraints

moral limits / restrictions / constraints / restraints / limitations

to impose / remove / lift limits / restrictions / controls / constraints / restraints / limitations

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WORD ORIGIN

late Middle English : from Latin limes , limit- boundary, frontier. The verb is from Latin limitare , from limes .

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.