Meaning of POPULATION in English

POPULATION

/ ˌpɒpjuˈleɪʃn; NAmE ˌpɑːp-/ noun

1.

[ C +sing./pl. v . , U ] all the people who live in a particular area, city or country; the total number of people who live there :

One third of the world's population consumes / consume two thirds of the world's resources.

The entire population of the town was at the meeting.

countries with ageing populations

Muslims make up 55% of the population.

an increase in population

areas of dense / sparse population (= where many / not many people live)

The population is increasing at about 6% per year.

Nigeria has a population of nearly 100 million.

2.

[ C +sing./pl. v . ] a particular group of people or animals living in a particular area :

the adult / working / rural, etc. population of the country

••

WORD ORIGIN

late 16th cent. (denoting an inhabited place): from late Latin populatio(n-) , from the verb populare , from populus people.

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.