Meaning of SPONGE in English

SPONGE

/ spʌndʒ; NAmE / noun , verb

■ noun

1.

[ C ] a piece of artificial or natural material that is soft and light and full of holes and can hold water easily, used for washing or cleaning :

( figurative )

His mind was like a sponge, ready to absorb anything.

2.

[ U ] artificial sponge used for filling furniture, cushions , etc.

3.

[ C ] a simple sea creature with a light body full of holes, from which natural sponge is obtained

4.

[ C , U ] ( BrE ) = sponge cake :

a chocolate sponge

■ verb

1.

[ vn ] sponge sb / yourself / sth (down) to wash sb/yourself/sth with a wet cloth or sponge

SYN wipe :

She sponged his hot face.

Take your jacket off and I'll sponge it down with water.

2.

[ vn + adv. / prep. ] to remove sth using a wet cloth or sponge

SYN wash :

We tried to sponge the blood off my shirt.

3.

[ v ] sponge (off / on sb) ( informal , disapproving ) to get money, food, etc. regularly from other people without doing anything for them or offering to pay

SYN scrounge :

He spent his life sponging off his relatives.

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WORD ORIGIN

Old English (in sense 1 of the noun), via Latin from Greek spongia , later form of spongos , reinforced in Middle English by Old French esponge .

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.