Meaning of SPONGE in English


/ spʌndʒ; NAmE / noun , verb

■ noun


[ C ] a piece of artificial or natural material that is soft and light and full of holes and can hold water easily, used for washing or cleaning :

( figurative )

His mind was like a sponge, ready to absorb anything.


[ U ] artificial sponge used for filling furniture, cushions , etc.


[ C ] a simple sea creature with a light body full of holes, from which natural sponge is obtained


[ C , U ] ( BrE ) = sponge cake :

a chocolate sponge

■ verb


[ vn ] sponge sb / yourself / sth (down) to wash sb/yourself/sth with a wet cloth or sponge

SYN wipe :

She sponged his hot face.

Take your jacket off and I'll sponge it down with water.


[ vn + adv. / prep. ] to remove sth using a wet cloth or sponge

SYN wash :

We tried to sponge the blood off my shirt.


[ v ] sponge (off / on sb) ( informal , disapproving ) to get money, food, etc. regularly from other people without doing anything for them or offering to pay

SYN scrounge :

He spent his life sponging off his relatives.



Old English (in sense 1 of the noun), via Latin from Greek spongia , later form of spongos , reinforced in Middle English by Old French esponge .

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.