Meaning of POTENTIAL in English

POTENTIAL

adj. & n.

--adj. capable of coming into being or action; latent.

--n.

1. the capacity for use or development; possibility (achieved its highest potential).

2 usable resources.

3 Physics the quantity determining the energy of mass in a gravitational field or of charge in an electric field.

Phrases and idioms:

potential barrier a region of high potential impeding the movement of particles etc. potential difference the difference of electric potential between two points. potential energy a body's ability to do work by virtue of its position relative to others, stresses within itself, electric charge, etc.

Derivatives:

potentiality n. potentialize v.tr. (also -ise). potentially adv.

Etymology: ME f. OF potencial or LL potentialis f. potentia (as POTENT(1))

Oxford English vocab.      Оксфордский английский словарь.