Meaning of REASON in English

n. & v.


1. a motive, cause, or justification (has good reasons for doing this; there is no reason to be angry).

2 a fact adduced or serving as this (I can give you my reasons).

3 the intellectual faculty by which conclusions are drawn from premisses.

4 sanity (has lost his reason).

5 Logic a premiss of a syllogism, esp. a minor premiss when given after the conclusion.

6 a faculty transcending the understanding and providing a priori principles; intuition.

7 sense; sensible conduct; what is right or practical or practicable; moderation.


1. intr. form or try to reach conclusions by connected thought.

2 intr. (foll. by with) use an argument (with a person) by way of persuasion.

3 tr. (foll. by that + clause) conclude or assert in argument.

4 tr. (foll. by why, whether, what + clause) discuss; ask oneself.

5 tr. (foll. by into, out of) persuade or move by argument (I reasoned them out of their fears).

6 tr. (foll. by out) think or work out (consequences etc.).

7 tr. (often as reasoned adj.) express in logical or argumentative form.

8 tr. embody reason in (an amendment etc.).

Phrases and idioms:

by reason of owing to. in (or within) reason within the bounds of sense or moderation. it stands to reason (often foll. by that + clause) it is evident or logical. listen to reason be persuaded to act sensibly. see reason acknowledge the force of an argument. with reason justifiably.


reasoner n. reasoning n. reasonless adj.

Etymology: ME f. OF reisun, res(o)un, raisoner, ult. f. L ratio -onis f. reri rat- consider

Oxford English vocab.      Оксфордский английский словарь.