adv un- is prefixed to adjectives, or to words used adjectively.
2. un- ·adv to adjectives, to denote the absence of the quality designated by the adjective.
3. un- ·adv to past particles, or to adjectives formed after the analogy of past particles, to indicate the absence of the condition or state expressed by them.
4. un- ·adv un- is prefixed to nouns to express the absence of, or the contrary of, that which the noun signifies; as, unbelief, unfaith, unhealth, unrest, untruth, and the like.
5. un- ·adv to present particles which come from intransitive verbs, or are themselves employed as adjectives, to mark the absence of the activity, disposition, or condition implied by the participle; as, - ---- and the like.
6. un- ·adv those which are anomalous, provincial, or, for some other reason, not desirable to be used, and are so indicated; as, unpure for impure, unsatisfaction for dissatisfaction, unexpressible for inexpressible, and the like.
7. un- ·adv those which have acquired an opposed or contrary, instead of a merely negative, meaning; as, unfriendly, ungraceful, unpalatable, unquiet, and the like; or else an intensive sense more than a prefixed not would express; as, unending, unparalleled, undisciplined, undoubted, unsafe, and the like.
8. un- ·adv an inseparable prefix, or particle, signifying not; in-; non-. in- is prefixed mostly to words of latin origin, or else to words formed by latin suffixes; un- is of much wider application, and is attached at will to almost any adjective, or participle used adjectively, or adverb, from which it may be desired to form a corresponding negative adjective or adverb, and is also, but less freely, prefixed to nouns. un- sometimes has merely an intensive force; as in unmerciless, unremorseless.
9. un- ·adv those which have the value of independent words, inasmuch as the simple words are either not used at all, or are rarely, or at least much less frequently, used; as, unavoidable, unconscionable, undeniable, unspeakable, unprecedented, unruly, and the like; or inasmuch as they are used in a different sense from the usual meaning of the primitive, or especially in one of the significations of the latter; as, unaccountable, unalloyed, unbelieving, unpretending, unreserved, and the like; or inasmuch as they are so frequently and familiarly used that they are hardly felt to be of negative origin; as, uncertain, uneven, and the like.
10. un- ·- an inseparable verbal prefix or particle. it is prefixed: (a) to verbs to express the contrary, and not the simple negative, of the action of the verb to which it is prefixed; as in uncoil, undo, unfold. (b) to nouns to form verbs expressing privation of the thing, quality, or state expressed by the noun, or separation from it; as in unchild, unsex. sometimes particles and participial adjectives formed with this prefix coincide in form with compounds of the negative prefix un- (see 2d un-); as in undone (from undo), meaning unfastened, ruined; and undone (from 2d un- and done) meaning not done, not finished. un- is sometimes used with an intensive force merely; as in unloose.