Meaning of ANCHOR in English

ANCHOR

I. ˈaŋkə(r), ˈaiŋ- noun

( -s )

Usage: often attributive

Etymology: Middle English anker, ancre, from Old English ancer, ancor, from Latin ancora, anchora, from Greek ankyra; akin to Greek ankos bend, hollow, glen — more at angle

1.

a. : a device usually of metal (as steel) attached to a ship or boat by a cable and cast overboard to hold the vessel in a particular place by means of a fluke that digs into the bottom

the trawler dropped anchor in the inner harbor

— see stock I 6a

b. : any device (as a stone or piece of concrete) used in the manner of an anchor to hold a boat in place

2. : a reliable support (as in danger) : a source of confidence

we have this as a sure and steadfast anchor of the soul — Heb 6:19 (Revised Standard Version)

3. : something that serves to hold an object firmly:

a. : a contrivance to hold the end of a bridge cable

b. : an arrangement of timber for holding a dam fast

c. : an escapement piece on which the pallets of a timepiece are formed or to which they are attached

d. : chaplet 4

e.

(1) : a device (as a metal tie) for giving stability to one part of a structure by making it fast to another (as a beam to a wall, one wall to another, or a stone facing to rough masonry behind it)

(2) : a tie rod with visible ends, decorated or plain

f. : the loop of a rope used by mountain climbers that is made fast to some fixed object (as a piton or tree)

g. : a boss to which one end of each brake shoe in an internal brake is pivoted to prevent its being dragged around by the drum

4. : an object shaped like a ship's anchor: as

a. : the dart an egg-and-dart molding

b. : spicule

the anchors in certain holothurians

5.

a. : the rear man on either side in a tug-of-war contest

b. or anchor man : the member of a team who competes last

the anchor on a relay team

the anchor of a bowling team

- at anchor

[s]anchor.jpg[/s] [

anchor 1: A yachtsman's: 1 ring, 2 stock, 3 shank, 4 bill, 5 fluke, 6 arm, 7 throat, 8 crown; B grapnel; C mushroom

]

II. verb

( anchored ; anchored ; anchoring -k(ə)riŋ ; anchors )

Etymology: Middle English ancren, probably from anker, ancre, n.

transitive verb

1. : to hold in place in the water by an anchor

anchor a dinghy with a grapnel

— compare moor 1

2. : to secure firmly : fasten in a stable condition : fix

anchor a post in concrete

anchor the roof of a house

anchor papers on a desk by a paperweight

the railroad car on the siding was anchored when the hand brakes were set

he was anchored to his home

3. : to serve or act as an anchor for

the loveliness of the Loire Valley might fail to anchor the attention of the hurried traveler — Isolde Farrell

anchored the Japanese women's relay team — Time

4. psychology : to relate to a point or frame of reference (as to a person, a situation, an object, or a conceptual scheme)

intransitive verb

1. : to cast anchor : come to anchor

the ship anchored in the stream

2. : to become fixed : fix , rest , stop

his attention anchors on his friend

III. noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English anker, ancre, from Old English ancor, ancra, from Old Irish anchara, from Late Latin anachoreta — more at anchorite

obsolete : anchorite , hermit

IV. noun

( -s )

obsolete : anker

V. noun

1. : an anchorman or anchorwoman

2. : a large store that attracts customers and other businesses to a shopping center or mall

VI. transitive verb

: to act or serve as anchor for

anchor the evening news

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.