Meaning of BATH in English

BATH

I. ˈbath, -aa(ə)th, -aith, -ȧth noun

( plural baths -thz, -ths)

Etymology: Middle English, from Old English bæth; akin to Old High German bad bath, Old Norse bath, Old High German bāen to warm — more at bake

1. : a washing or soaking of all or part of the body (as in water, steam, mud, or sunshine)

a cool bath refreshed him

he took sun baths for his health

a mud bath

2.

a. : water or any other medium used for bathing

told her maid to draw her a bath

baby played in its bath

b. : a contained liquid for a special purpose (as for immersion of something to be acted upon in dyeing, metallurgy, or photography)

a mercury bath

a fixing bath containing a small amount of silver

c. : a medium (as water, air, sand or oil) for regulating the temperature of something placed in or on it

3.

a. : a room where one may bathe : bathroom

went into the bath to take a shower

b.

(1) : a building containing an apartment or a series of rooms designed for bathing

went twice a week to the public bath

(2) : one of the elaborate bathing establishments of the ancients — usually used in plural

the Roman baths in this quarter were found covered by an old burying ground — Tobias Smollett

c. : a place resorted to especially for medical treatment by bathing : spa — usually used in plural

spent the summer at the baths

d. : swimming pool

the sound of swimmers diving into baths — William Sansom

4. : the quality or state of being covered with a liquid

his head all over in a bath of sweat — Bernard Mandeville

5.

a. : a receptacle for water in which to bathe : bathtub

cast-iron baths were introduced during the early 19th century — J.E.Gloag

b. : a receptacle for holding a liquid preparation in which something is immersed (as in dyeing, metallurgy, or photography)

c. : a vessel containing a medium for regulating the temperature of something placed in or on it and used especially in chemistry

II. ˈbȧth verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

transitive verb

Britain : to give a bath to

you'll have your little girl to bath and put to bed — Richard Llewellyn

intransitive verb

Britain : to take a bath

he was expected to shave, expected to bath — H.G.Wells

III. ˈbath noun

( -s )

Etymology: Hebrew

: an ancient Hebrew unit of capacity for liquids equal to 1/10 homer or about 10 gallons and corresponding to the ephah of dry measure

IV. noun

: a financial setback : loss

heard that you took a bath on the South African securities — J.K.Galbraith

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.