Meaning of COMMUNITY in English


kəˈmyünəd.ē, -ətē, -i noun

( -es )

Etymology: Middle English comunete, from Middle French communité, comuneté, from Latin communitat-, communitas, from communis common + -itat-, -itas -ity

1. : a body of individuals organized into a unit or manifesting usually with awareness some unifying trait:

a. : state , commonwealth

b. : the people living in a particular place or region and usually linked by common interests ; broadly : the region itself : any population cluster

small, compact, homogeneous communities such as the Greek city-state or Elizabethan England — C.D.Lewis

c. : a monastic body or other unified religious group

d. : an interacting population of different kinds of individuals (as species) constituting a society or association or simply an aggregation of mutually related individuals in a given location

a climax community

e. : a group of people marked by a common characteristic but living within a larger society that does not share that characteristic

the Chinese community in New York

the artists' community downtown

the Jewish community in London

especially : such a group politically organized and recognized especially as a separate voting group for election purposes

Sikh and Muslim communities in India

f. : a group sharing a particular economic or social belief and living communally

g. : any group sharing interests or pursuits

a community of scholars

: a group linked by a common policy

a tariff community of small nations

h. : a body of persons or nations united by historical consciousness or by common social, economic, and political interests

the entire Christian community

the European coal and steel community

2. : society at large : public : people in general — used with the definite article

the interests of the community


a. : common or joint ownership, tenure, experience, or pertinence : commonness , sharing , participation

asserts that community of goods would be the ideal institution — G.L.Dickinson

out of the atmosphere of controversy to the community of our love again — Mary Austin

the essential community of interests shared by all branches of learning — G.W.Cottrell

b. : common character : fact of showing a trait or various traits in common : agreement , concord , likeness

although there are varieties, the community of style is still more evident — O. Elfrida Saunders

c. : shared activity : social intercourse : fellowship , communion ; especially : social activity marked by a feeling of unity but also individual participation completely willing and not forced or coerced and without loss of individuality

in order that there may be a community , there must be conscious and purposive sharing — Ernest Barker

d. obsolete : frequent occurrence

e. : a social or societal state

emerging from feral isolation into community

4. : a civil-law partnership or society of property between husband and wife arising by virtue of the fact of marriage or by contract

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.