Meaning of DUMP in English

DUMP

I. ˈdəmp noun

( -s )

Etymology: probably from Dutch domp exhalation, haze, from Middle Dutch damp, domp — more at damp

1. obsolete : a state of reverie or perplexity

2. : a dull gloomy state of mind : low spirits : despondency — now used in the plural chiefly in the phrase in the dumps

doleful dumps the mind oppress — Shakespeare

she will be there to cuddle him, praise him, help him out of his occasional dumps — H.A.Overstreet

she gets easily discouraged and down in the dumps

3. obsolete

a. : a slow mournful melody or song

b. : a dance to such music

Synonyms: see sadness

II. verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

intransitive verb

1. obsolete : muse

2. obsolete : to be downcast and sad

transitive verb

obsolete : to cast into melancholy : grieve , sadden

III. noun

( -s )

Etymology: perhaps back-formation from dumpling

1. dialect Britain : something thick, ill-shaped, or shapeless

dumps of soft paper … to arrest bleeding — B.H.Chamberlain

specifically : a small leaden counter used in such games as chuck-farthing

2.

a. : a coin that is small and very thick

b. : a small Australian silver coin bearing the words fifteen pence made from a piece cut from the center of a holey dollar

3. archaic : a short stout person

IV. verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: perhaps from Dutch dompen to immerse, tumble, topple; akin to Middle Low German dumpeln to duck, Old High German tumpfilo whirlpool, Old English dyppan to dip — more at dip

transitive verb

1.

a. : to let fall in a heap or mass : cast down or away

had proceeded to the wharf and had dumped the first shipload of tea into the harbor — C.G.Bowers

she dumped the contents of her purse onto the table

uncork the bottle and dump the stuff out — D.B.Chidsey

a hydraulic hoist to tip the truck body and dump the coal out

the conveyor dumped the dirt into self-discharging barges — N.M.Clark

b. : to get rid of unceremoniously (as if by dumping) : dispose of somewhat irresponsibly : jettison

France dumped her third government in a few months

captains of industry speedily dumped labor from their payrolls, and the breadlines grew — Stringfellow Barr

the indenture system offered huge profits to the masters of the vessels which dumped their human cargo on American shores — A.D.Graeff

the biggest problem that was ever dumped into his lap

2. slang : to hit hard : knock down : beat

dumped their attackers, who scrambled to their feet and fled

3. Australia : to compress and secure (wool) into bales

4. : to sell (commodities or securities) in quantity at a very low price ; specifically : to sell (surplus goods) abroad at less than the market price at home

some factory owners fear that the military will dump surplus goods on the market at cut-rate prices — New York Times

the union complained that foreign residual oil, dumped into this country with low import taxes, had displaced more than 30 million tons of coal production — Wall Street Journal

5. : to transfer (typeset matter) from stick to galley or galley to form or (as slugs) to bank ; often : to lay aside (dead matter) for distribution

intransitive verb

1. : to fall abruptly : plunge , drop

2. : to dump goods or refuse

no dumping allowed

V. noun

( -s )

Usage: often attributive

1.

a. : an accumulation of refuse or other discarded materials

the city dump caught fire

is now a resort town, but its former greatness shows in the tremendous dumps and the sprawling buildings of the Argo mine — G.R.Stewart

b. : a place where such materials are dumped

2.

a. : a quantity of supplies or reserve materials accumulated at one conveniently located but safe place

we have laid out dumps of food and petrol across the polar plateau — Edmund Hillary

b. : the place where such materials are stored: as

(1) : a place for the temporary storage of military supplies in the field

ammunition dump

(2) : the place in a composing room where dead matter is placed before it is distributed

3. : a disorderly, slovenly, or dilapidated place indoors or outdoors

instead of working in such a dump he could have been in his comfortable hotel room — Morley Callaghan

4. : something that has been dumped or deposited in a pile

fresh avalanche dumps contain large quantities of snow and ice, with occasional rock inclusions — R.L.Ives

5. : dump truck

6. : defecation — often considered vulgar

VI. transitive verb

1. : to copy (data in a computer's internal storage) to an external storage or output device

2. : to lose (a game or match) on purpose : throw

3. : to throw (as a pass) short and softly

dumped the ball to the fullback

— often used with off

- dump on

VII. noun

1. : an instance of dumping data stored in a computer

2. : a freestanding rack (as of cardboard) used as a promotional display for books

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.