Meaning of EXHAUST in English

I. igˈzȯst, eg- verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: Latin exhaustus, past participle of exhaurire, from ex- ex- (I) + haurire to draw; akin to Middle High German œsen to empty, Old Norse ausa to besprinkle, Greek ex auein to take out

transitive verb

1. obsolete : to draw forth (as tears)

2. obsolete : to draw in : drink up


a. : to draw off or let out wholly : drain off completely

exhaust the water of a well

exhaust the air from a bell jar

b. : to empty by drawing off or draining

exhaust a wine cask

exhaust a bank account

specifically : to create a vacuum in (as the receiver of an air pump) : evacuate 4


a. : to use up the whole supply or store of : expend or consume entirely

exhaust a coal vein

till her lover had exhausted his eloquence — T.L.Peacock

b. : to deprive wholly of strength, patience, or resources : tire out : wear out : weary

exhausted from a day's shopping

exhausted himself working in the heat

c. : to destroy the fertility of

steady cropping exhausted the soil


a. : to develop (a subject) completely : discuss thoroughly

b. : to make use of or try out or otherwise account for the whole number of

exhausted the possibilities

c. : to take complete advantage of (legal remedies)

all administrative remedies must be exhausted before application to the courts can be made

6. : to deprive completely of removable ingredients : deprive of strength or virtue

exhaust a photographic developer


a. : to extract completely with a solvent

exhaust a drug successively with water, alcohol, and ether

b. : to free as far as possible from sugar or other ingredient by crystallization

exhaust molasses

c. : to transfer dye from (a dyebath) ; also : to transfer (a dye) completely from a dyebath onto a fabric

intransitive verb

1. : discharge , empty

the engine exhausts through a muffler

2. : to flow or pass out

the steam exhausts into the condenser

3. : to pass from a dyebath onto a fabric

substantive dyes exhaust reasonably well onto cellulose

Synonyms: see deplete , tire

II. noun

( -s )


a. : the escape or removal of working substance (as gas or vapor) from an engine cylinder after it has done its work on the piston

b. : the gas or vapor thus escaping

c. : the conduit including muffler and stack through which the gases escape

d. : an arrangement (as of fans) for withdrawing undesirable fumes, dusts, or odors from an enclosure (as a factory room or a kitchen)

2. : the production of a partial vacuum (as by an air pump) : exhaustion

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.