Meaning of LAG in English


I. ˈlag, -aa(ə)g, -aig verb

( lagged ; lagged ; lagging ; lags )

Etymology: prob of Scandinavian origin; akin to Norwegian lagga to go slowly

intransitive verb

1. : to stay or fall behind : fail to keep up:


(1) : to move slowly : hang back : linger , loiter

as he neared the old home, his steps lagged — L.C.Douglas

lagged behind intent on my collecting — David Fairchild

lagging a step or two behind in embarrassment — Harold Sinclair

at no time in my life have seconds lagged so much — T.B.Bruff

business continued to lag — Wall Street Journal

(2) : delay , procrastinate

will let applicants lag a bit in providing this information — Wall Street Journal

b. : to move, function, or develop with comparative slowness:

(1) : to be slow or become retarded especially by comparison with something closely associated or related — usually used with behind

accomplishment lagging behind purpose

rents lagged far behind prices — W.P.Webb

new hospital construction continues to lag behind the need — D.D.Eisenhower

through inattention, she lagged behind at school — Elizabeth Taylor

(2) : to become retarded in attaining maximum value or development

the current lags behind the voltage

insulin of the modified protamine type has relatively quick action, for it lags two hours only — Year Book of Endocrinology

c. : to slacken or weaken little by little : flag

interest in the fascinating drama of French politics never lagged — C.G.Bowers

that concern with books and reading has never lagged — Ruth Gagliardo


a. : to shoot a taw or toss a jack toward a line marked on the ground to determine the order of play in ringer or jacks

b. : to cause a cue ball to rebound from the foot cushion of a billiard table so as to stop as near as possible to the head cushion or sometimes the head string (as for determining order of play) : string

c. : to throw coins or counters to decide possession by relative closeness to a fixed mark

gambling with Bryan and McKinley buttons, lagging at a line — C.L.Baldridge

transitive verb

1. obsolete : to cause to lag : retard

2. : to lag behind

a circuit in which the current lags the voltage — A.E.Fitzgerald

the one that reaches a particular point in a cycle last is said to lag the other — N.M.Cooke & John Markus

3. : to pitch or shoot (as a coin, counter, marble) at a mark

beer corks lagged, in lieu of pennies, along the sidewalk cracks — Nelson Algren

lag aggies — P.D.Boles

Synonyms: see delay

II. noun

( -s )

1. : one that lags : one that is last

the lag of all the flock — Alexander Pope

2. lags plural , obsolete : dregs, lees

3. obsolete : the lowest class

the common lag of people — Shakespeare


a. : the action or the condition of lagging : a falling or staying behind

a region marked in the recent past by relative conservatism, inertia, and lag — Hylan Lewis

a series of spurts and lags — Times Literary Supplement

this work must go forward without lag — D.D.Eisenhower

a definite lag had come in business and industry — W.A.White

a considerable lag of the blood pressure curve behind the G curve — H.G.Armstrong

b. : comparative slowness or retardation (as in movement, operation, development)

the social and political lag that makes the world go on operating in terms of old antagonisms — Saturday Review

adjustments for price lag — Collier's Year Book

this apparent lag behind American practice — O.S.Nock

their intellectual lag in comparison with the rest of Europe — S.H.Cross

c. : a falling behind or retardation of one phenomenon with respect to another phenomenon to which it is closely related ; especially : delay of a physical effect behind its cause or of the response of an indicating instrument behind the changed condition it registers

the lag of sound in some opera houses — Warwick Braithwaite

the lag of an alternating current in an inductive circuit behind the impressed voltage

lag of strain behind stress in an imperfectly elastic material under varying stress

because they have no lag and indicate an error as it occurs, the horizon and gyro are a tremendous aid in flying the airplane more easily and precisely — H.L.Redfield


(1) : an amount of lag or the time during which lagging continues : degree or length of retardation or delay

the lag between the present and the latest reasonably accurate figures may be four or five years — E.W.Miller

during this lag the government should provide help — H.S.Truman

in Scotland the lag was a longer one — Ian Finlay

made up more than two thirds of the lag behind whites with which they came North — A.L.Kroeber

(2) : a space or period of time especially between related events or phenomena : interval

the lag between composition and publication is not a uniform one — Nation

in the lag between basketball season and baseball — Norman Mailer

in the lags of silence which fell over the shouts — Lawrence Durrell

5. : the action of lagging for opening shot (as in ringer or billiards)

III. adjective

1. : last , hindmost — used chiefly in the phrase lag end

the lag end of my life — Shakespeare

2. chiefly dialect : coming tardily after or behind : belated , late

IV. transitive verb

( lagged ; lagged ; lagging ; lags )

Etymology: origin unknown

1. obsolete : steal

2. slang

a. : to transport for crime or send to penal servitude ; broadly : to send to jail : imprison

the first big-timers to be lagged for using the mails — D.W.Maurer

b. slang chiefly Britain : arrest , apprehend

don't kindle a fire, unless you want to get lagged — Joseph Furphy

V. ˈlag noun

( -s )

Etymology: lag (IV)


a. slang chiefly Britain : a person transported for crime or sent to penal servitude : one who is serving or has served a term in prison : convict , jailbird

the typical young lag — Times Literary Supplement

b. Australia : ex-convict ; especially : a convict immigrant to Australia

impossible for him not to know that his father was a lag — Rex Ingamells

2. slang chiefly Britain : a term of transportation or penal servitude : jail sentence : stretch

VI. ˈlag, -aa(ə)g, -aig noun

( -s )

Etymology: probably of Scandinavian origin; akin to Old Norse lögg rim of a barrel, Swedish lagg stave

1. : a barrel stave


a. : a wooden stave or slat forming part of a covering for a cylindrical object (as a boiler or a carding-machine cylinder)

b. : a strip of any of various materials (as felt or asbestos) used in making a covering or casing especially for a cylindrical structure

3. : a bearing strip in an arch or vault centering

4. textile manuf

a. : a wooden link in a pattern chain

b. : a large pin in the revolving cylinder of a picker

VII. transitive verb

( lagged ; lagged ; lagging ; lags )

1. : to cover or provide with lags or lagging (as for protection against wear or thermal insulation)

2. : to fasten with lag screws

lag a machine to a bench

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.