Meaning of MANTLE in English

MANTLE

I. ˈmant ə l, -aan- noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English mantel, mentel; partly from Old English mentel; partly from Old French mantel; both from Latin mantellum

1.

a. : a loose sleeveless garment worn over other clothes : an enveloping robe or cloak

brought a heavy mantle and covered her from head to foot — William Black

b. : a mantle regarded as a symbol of preeminence or authority

take off the mantle of authority and drop it on younger shoulders — H.H.Arnold & I.C.Eaker

2.

a. : something that covers, enfolds, or envelops

the green mantle of the standing pool — Shakespeare

the mantle of night made it easier for them to forget their youth — T.B.Costain

b.

(1) : the fold or lobe or pair of lobes of the body wall in a mollusk or brachiopod lining the shell in shell-bearing forms, bearing the shell-secreting glands, and usually forming a cavity between itself and the body proper that holds the respiratory organs

(2) : the soft external body wall that lines the test or the shell of a tunicate or barnacle

c. : the outer wall and casing of a blast furnace above the hearth

d. : cerebral cortex

3. : mantling

4. : the back, scapulars, and wings of a bird when distinguished from other parts of the plumage by a distinct and uniform color (as in some gulls)

5. : a penstock for a waterwheel

6.

a. : the external layers of meristematic cells in a stem apex often equivalent to the combined tunica and corpus

b. : the fungal network around an ectotrophic mycorhiza that replaces the root hairs as an absorbing system

7.

a. : a lacelike hood or sheath of some refractory material that gives light by incandescence when placed over a flame

b. : a thin zone at the border of a flame

c. : heating mantle

8.

a. : mantlerock

b. : the part of the earth's interior beneath the lithosphere and above the central core from which it is separated by a discontinuity at a depth of about 1800 miles

9. : mantel

II. verb

( mantled ; mantled ; mantling -t( ə )liŋ ; mantles )

Etymology: Middle English mantellen, from mantel, n.

transitive verb

1. : to conceal by covering : make obscure

its venerable trunk is richly mantled with ivy — J.G.Strutt

2. : to cover with or as if with a mantle

the land is mantled with glacial deposits — W.W.Atwood b.1906

3. : to cause to blush : give a glowing color to

intransitive verb

1.

a. of a hawk : to spread one wing and then the other over the corresponding outstretched leg

b. obsolete : to spread out — used of wings

2. : to become covered with a coating (as of scum or froth)

the poison mantled in the cup — Alexander Pope

3. : to spread over a surface

seldom o'er a breast so fair mantled a plaid with modest care — Sir Walter Scott

4. : blush , color

her rich face mantling with emotion — Benjamin Disraeli

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.