Meaning of REDUNDANT in English


I. -nt adjective

Etymology: Latin redundant-, redundans, present participle of redundare to overflow, be in excess — more at redound


a. : exceeding what is necessary or normal : superfluous , surplus

older areas, plants and occupations are becoming redundant and obsolete — Solomon Barkin

so many books on heraldry … that yet another might be thought redundant — Times. Literary Supplement

a redundant secretion of bile

specifically : pleonastic

at the risk of being redundant , I return to my original proposition — J.B.Conant

b. : characterized by or containing an excess

the skin … was redundant and lay too loosely on her fingers — Jean Stafford

specifically : immaterial 3b

the court may order stricken from any pleading … any redundant , immaterial, impertinent, or scandalous matter — U.S. Code

2. : characterized by abundance : profuse , lavish

skirts became somewhat shorter and less redundant — G.M.Trevelyan

3. : expanding beyond ordinary bounds : swelling , overflowing

a gradual spilling over of the redundant population — Ellen Semple

Synonyms: see wordy

II. adjective

1. : serving as a duplicate for preventing failure of an entire system (as a spacecraft) upon failure of a single component

2. Britain : being out of work : laid off : discharged

an air hostess who had been made redundant — A.N.Wilson

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.