Meaning of SCREEN in English

SCREEN

I. ˈskrēn noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English screne, from Middle French escren, escran, from Middle Dutch scherm screen, shield, protection; akin to Old High German skirm, skerm shield, screen, Middle Low German scerm shield, screen, Latin corium skin, hide — more at cuirass

1. : a device used as a protection from the heat of a fireplace or from drafts or as an ornamental piece: as

a. : a folding temporary partition consisting of hinged leaves usually made of wood or metal framework covered with cloth, leather, or paper — see fire screen

b. : a cloth, paper, or wooden implement with a handle to hold between oneself and the fire

c. : a high-backed settle

2.

a. : a nonbearing partition that may be solid or pierced, is often ornamental, and is carried up to a height necessary for separation and protection

b. : a passage screened or partitioned off from the lower end of the hall of a Tudor or Elizabethan house and used to connect the buttery and the kitchen

c.

(1) : choir screen

(2) : rood screen

3. : something that shelters, protects especially from injury or danger, or conceals from view: as

a. Scotland : a large head scarf

b. : a natural or cultivated growth of plants

a screen of ivy across the window

a screen of tall pines sheltered the orchard from winter storms

c.

(1) : a body of troops thrown out toward the enemy to protect a command or an area

(2) : a formation of light naval vessels (as destroyers or cruisers) about a formation of heavier ships to protect the heavier formation from attack especially by submarines or aircraft

(3) : air patrolling by fighter-interceptors to protect from air attack specific targets (as slower aircraft or surface forces) : air patrolling to defend the entire friendly territory from air incursion

(4) : smoke, camouflage, or a natural factor that protects an armed force from observation

misty clouds … made such a perfect screen that the Confederate batteries on top of the mountain could render no effective help — American Guide Series: Tennessee

4.

a. : something that guards : a security from possible inconvenience, censorious judgment, or harm

adult care interposes a screen between the small child and … society — Ralph Linton

b. : a shield for secret sometimes nefarious practices

geniality … in our initial sessions was only a screen — A.H.Vandenberg †1951

petty larceny … only a screen for something bigger — Claud Cockburn

5.

a.

(1) : a perforated plate, cylinder, or similar device or a meshed wire or cloth fabric usually mounted on a frame and used to separate coarser from finer parts or to allow the passage of smaller portions while preventing that of larger

(2) : a continuously operating mechanical straining device for removing knots and coarse foreign matter from paper stock in suspension in water

(3) : a device for separating the grain husks from the liquid portion of whole stillage

(4) : silk screen

b. : something that resembles a screen for sifting physical materials ; especially : a system for examining in order to make a separation into different groups

the new battalion passes through the screen of officer and instructor observation — Scientific American

6.

a.

(1) : a flat surface afforded usually by a curtain, sheet, or wall upon which an image (as a picture) is projected by a lantern, solar microscope, or motion-picture projector

(2) : the motion-picture industry

b. : something that resembles a motion-picture screen

a collection of poems … provides the reader with that larger screen on which the poet's essential qualities are thrown — Sara H. Hay

engrave its picture on the screen of our mind — Walter Sorell

7.

a. : a part of an instrument or piece of apparatus designed to prevent agencies in one part from affecting other parts

optical screen

electric screen

magnetic screen

b. : a device to prevent radio waves or magnetic or electric fields from crossing a particular area

8. : an erection of white canvas or wood placed near the boundary at both ends of a cricket field in line with the wickets to enable the batsmen to see the ball better

9. : a three-color mosaic of regular pattern used in making the negative and viewing the transparency in the separate screen processes of additive color photography — compare screen plate

10.

a. : a glass plate ruled with crossing opaque lines through which an image is photographed onto a plate in making a halftone and on which the latticework of the crossed lines produces a dot formation

b. : a unit of measure of the textural fineness of a halftone being the number of dots per linear inch

a coarse 65- screen newspaper cut

a fine 200- screen engraving

11.

a. : a frame holding a metallic or textile netting used especially in a window or door to exclude insects

b. : screen cloth

12. : the surface upon which an image or pattern is produced in a television or radar receiver or in a similar apparatus

13. : an act or instance of screening in athletic contests

II. verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: Middle English screanen, from screne, n.

transitive verb

1.

a. : to guard from injury or danger : shield from harm or punishment

the whole village was in a conspiracy to screen the bandits

b. : to protect from the attack of an enemy by means of an advance guard (as of fighter aircraft)

2.

a. : to give shelter or protection (as from light or wind) to

screened his eyes with his hand

b. : to shut off by interposing something that resembles a screen

will perhaps try whether the magnetic power is not to be screened off — John Tyndall

was screened by army regulations which forbid his making political speeches — Time

c. : to separate (an opponent in a game) as if with a screen: as

(1) : to prevent (an opponent in basketball) from reaching a desired position without causing bodily contact

(2) : to prevent (an opponent in soccer) from having a clear view of the ball by standing or moving so as to conceal it

(3) : to cover (one's own server) in order to conceal the direction of the serve from opponents in volleyball

3. : to conceal from view or knowledge : hide

20 paces of thick falling snow screened the man from him — Morley Callaghan

works in a bookshop, her identity screened from the customers — Newsweek

4.

a.

(1) : to pass through a screen ; especially : to pass (as coal, gravel, or paper stock) through a screen in order to separate one part from another

(2) : to remove by or as if by a screen — usually used with out

moisture in the air screens out much of the solar heat radiation — Marston Bates

b.

(1) : to examine usually methodically in order to make a separation into different groups

the students were screened before leaving their home countries, insuring that no one with false opinions or dangerous attitudes would get through — W.C.Booth

carefully screens all visa applications — Ralph de Toledano

industry will be screened again for the young, healthy, and dispensable — Newsweek

several antibiotics … have been screened for antituberculosis activity — J.F.Bohmfalk

(2) : to examine (an area) in order to remove whatever is undesirable

preceded the diplomats and screened, made sanitary and reasonably murderproof the area of the conference — H.S.Canby

(3) : to select by a screening process

the colonel had invited 5000 carefully screened leading citizens to sip punch — Time

(4) : to eliminate by or as if by a screening process

the committee should screen from the material received any items it deems unsuitable — Accounting Review

— usually used with out

even the best educated … are screened out socially by the policy of white supremacy — Margaret Mackay

(5) : to examine as a censor : censor

passed an ordinance creating a board of review to screen literature sold in the city — James Rorty

5. Britain : to post on a bulletin board

6.

a. : to provide with a screen to keep out insects

b. : to provide (as an electronic device) with a screen to prevent agencies in one part of an apparatus from affecting other parts

7.

a. : to project (as a motion-picture film) on a screen

exhibitors were required by law to screen a short with every feature — Helen Grayson

b. : to present in a motion picture

screened an abbreviated version of the book

was screened in the male leads of several westerns

8. : silk-screen

intransitive verb

: to appear on a motion-picture screen

he screens well

sounds a bit more silly and maudlin than it screens — Newsweek

Synonyms: see conceal

III. adjective

Etymology: screen (I)

1. : having a screen to keep out insects

screen door

screen porch

2. : of or relating to motion pictures

an actor who became famous as a screen star

the novel's screen potentialities — Publishers' Weekly

3. : silk-screen

IV. noun

: the information displayed on a computer screen at one time

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.