Meaning of SHELTER in English


I. ˈsheltə(r) noun

( -s )

Usage: often attributive

Etymology: origin unknown


a. : something that covers or affords protection especially from the elements : something that provides refuge or defense (as from injury, exposure, observation, attack, pursuit, danger, or annoyance) : a means or place of protection : an area of safety : refuge , screen

b. : a structure (as a small building in a park) used as a refuge in bad weather

c. : a structure or dugout affording protection to troops in the field

d. : an area or a specially constructed structure for refuge and protection from bombs, radiation, and other features of air attack

an air raid shelter

bomb shelters

e. : housing 3 ; especially : temporary housing

f. : a covering (as a box or cage) used to protect an object

instrument shelter

g. : an establishment to shelter the homeless: as

(1) : a Salvationist institution operated for the homeless

(2) : an institutional home (as for delinquent or neglected children or unmarried mothers)

h. : protection from bad weather (as by trees or walls)

the trees afforded shade and shelter — Willa Cather

2. : the state of being covered and protected (as from the elements) : protection

I took shelter under a shed — Nora Waln

the witness refuses to answer under the shelter of the Fifth Amendment — E.N.Griswold

II. verb

( sheltered ; sheltered ; sheltering -ltəriŋ, ; shelters )

transitive verb

1. : to constitute or provide a shelter for: as

a. : to screen or protect from the elements

the pedimented facade shelters a niched figure — American Guide Series: Maryland

a light awning … to shelter the observer from the wind — Topographic Surveying

b. : to afford protection from something held to resemble unfavorable weather : shield from injury, attack, pursuit, annoyance, censure, punishment, or notice

the defenders were … sheltered by the walls — Tom Wintringham

women are sheltered … by the men of their families — Lois Long

a sheltered life

c. : to provide with a home, security, refuge, temporary accommodation, or protection : harbor

building that shelters the rare and extensive … collection — American Guide Series: Oregon

no other small community … has sheltered so many noteworthy American writers — American Guide Series: New Hampshire

2. : to place under shelter or protection : betake to cover or refuge : take to a safe place

shelter myself in the crannies of the rocks — Margaret A. Barnes

every American political party … has sheltered itself behind the Supreme Court — Felix Frankfurter

intransitive verb

: to take shelter : find refuge or cover

if you must shelter under a tree — G.H.T.Kimble

refugees … came here to shelter from trouble — Han Suyin

a long annex … in which the animals shelter at night — Wilfred Thesiger

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.