Meaning of SIN in English

I. ˈsin noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English sinne, from Old English synn, syn; akin to Old Frisian sende sin, Old Saxon sundia, Old High German sunta, suntea and perhaps to Latin sont-, sons guilty; probably akin to Latin est is — more at is


a. : a transgression of religious law : an offense against God

making her dream … of the sin which he resolved to allure her to commit — Daniel Defoe

b. : a serious offense : a violation of propriety

colleges which glorify research and publication … are guilty of a grave and perhaps irreparable sin against civilization — Millicent McIntosh

the rhetorical sin of the meaningless variation — Lewis Mumford

c. : a serious shortcoming : fault

the English sin has always been … a lack of social coherence — Herbert Read

2. : violation of religious law : disregard of God's will

thought about the nature of sin in general — H.E.Fosdick

specifically : violation of proscription of fornication

accused … of living in sin with her fiancé — Leslie Rees

— see actual sin , deadly sin , mortal sin , original sin , venial sin

II. verb

( sinned ; sinned ; sinning ; sins )

Etymology: Middle English sinnen, singen, from Old English syngian; akin to Middle Dutch sondigen to sin, Old Norse syndga; denominative from the root of English sin (I)

intransitive verb

1. : to violate religious law : commit an offense against God ; specifically : fornicate

2. : to commit an offense

critics often sinned against good critical sense — C.I.Glicksberg

transitive verb

1. : to perform sinfully

there remains so much to be sinned and suffered in the world — Nathaniel Hawthorne

2. archaic : to drive by sinning

we have sinned him hence — John Dryden

- sin one's mercies


variant of syne

IV. ˈsēn also ˈsin noun

( -s )

Etymology: Hebrew śin

1. : the 21st letter of the Hebrew alphabet — symbol שׂ; see alphabet table

2. : the letter corresponding to Hebrew sin in the Phoenician or in any of various other Semitic alphabets

V. abbreviation

1. sine


[Latin sinistra ]

left hand

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.