Meaning of SURETY in English

SURETY

R ˈshu̇r(ə)]d.]ē, ]t], ]i sometimes ˈshər-; - R ˈshu̇ə], ˈshōə], ˈshȯ(ə)], ˈshu̇rə], ˈshōrə], ˈshȯrə] sometimes ˈshə̄\ noun

( -es )

Etymology: Middle English surte, from Middle French surté, from Latin securitat-, securitas safety, security — more at security

1. : the state or condition of being sure: as

a. obsolete : safety or security from danger

b. : certainty of knowledge (as of a fact or an event)

there is no surety he ever reached the river — Julian Dana

unable to predict a development with surety

c. : confidence and sureness in action

a bit less surety of walk — Donald Windham

2.

a. : something that confirms or makes sure : a pledge or other formal engagement given for the fulfillment of an undertaking : guarantee

b. : ground of confidence or security (as against loss or damage or for payment or the performance of some act)

3.

a. : a person formerly given or giving himself as a gage or pledge : hostage

b. : one (as a sponsor at baptism or a bondsman) who makes a pledge in behalf of another and accepts certain accruing responsibilities : a person who is bound on an obligation from which another by the discharge of a duty should relieve him : one who has become legally liable for the debt, default, or failure in duty (as appearance in court or payment of a debt) of another — compare principal

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.