Meaning of TREAT in English


I. ˈtrēt, usu -ēd.+V verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: Middle English treten, from Old French traitier to treat, manage, from Latin tractare to pull violently, handle, manage, from tractus, past participle of trahere to draw, pull, drag — more at draw

intransitive verb

1. : to carry on negotiations with another with the object of a settlement : discuss terms of accommodation or settlement : negotiate

the commander-in-chief … was to treat for an armistice — Bernard Pares

willing to treat with you but … afraid that your terms may be too high — W.M.Thackeray

2. : to deal with a matter or subject especially in writing or speaking : give an exposition : discourse — usually used with of but sometimes with with

the fifth essay treats of the problems of map engraving — Jean Mitchell

treats in detail of the origin of the council — R.A.Hall b.1911

his article … treats with an important conservation subject — Nature Magazine

3. : to pay another's expenses (as for a meal or drink) usually at a public place : bear the expense of another's entertainment : give or bear the expenses of a treat especially as a compliment, an expression of regard or friendship, or as a bribe

transitive verb


a. : to deal with (as a subject or theme) in speech or writing : argue , discuss , expound

lectured enthusiastically about each of the poets … whom he treated — D.M.Allen

literary history … has constantly to treat problems of intellectual history — René Wellek & Austin Warren

monthly programs treat different aspects of astronomy — American Guide. Series: New York City

b. : to give artistic or literary treatment to : deal with in an artistic way : present or represent artistically especially in a specified manner or style

a romantically treated bronze group — American Guide Series: Minnesota

the hall, treated in the Corinthian order — American Guide Series: Vermont

c. : to handle, manage, or otherwise deal with

food is plentiful and treated with imagination — Cecil Beaton

2. obsolete : to negotiate with a view to settling or arranging : discuss the terms of : arrange


a. : to deal with or bear oneself toward in some specified way : behave or act towards : assume an attitude or form of behavior to : use

the worker's stay on the job depends on whether he is treated right or wrong — Carl Sandburg

note with what scant respect the generals … were treated — C.H.Dewhurst

the tones of nature require … to be treated relatively by the painter — C.W.H.Johnson

b. : to regard (as something or in a particular way) and act toward or deal with accordingly — usually used with as

asking me to treat the news … as strictly confidential — O.S.Nock

adopted into the tribe and treated as an Indian squaw — American Guide Series: Maryland

regional laws … treated defamation as a private delict — T.F.T.Pluncknett


a. : to show hospitality to : entertain , feast

a host who treats all the great persons in princely lodgings — John Evelyn


(1) : to provide (as another person) gratuitously with food, drink, entertainment, or some other source of enjoyment or gratification especially as a compliment, gesture of kindness, or bribe — usually used with to

he treated her to a strawberry soda

(2) : to provide (oneself) with a similar source of enjoyment or gratification — usually used with to

treated herself to a new mink coat

c. : to provide with something that is or is held (as in irony or for amusement) to be a source of pleasure or gratification

the Americans were treated to a remarkable display as the Tripolitan ship blew up — C.S.Forester

when he punished he treated the culprit to ten minutes of biting irony first — Storm Jameson


a. : to care for (as a patient or part of the body) medically or surgically : deal with by medical or surgical means : give a medical treatment to

during his hospital stay, he was treated with … transfusions of blood — Journal American Medical Association

120 persons were treated for miscellaneous … injuries — Pasadena (Calif.) Independent

b. : to seek cure or relief of (as a disease)

treat a bruise with hot applications


a. : to subject to some action (as of a chemical reagent) : act upon with some agent

treat a substance with sulfuric acid

metals … treated to make maintenance a simple thing — Betty Pepis

b. : to subject (as a natural or manufactured article) to some process to improve the appearance, taste, usefulness, or some other quality : process

treat rugs by washing

port is a wine that is treated


deal ( with ), handle: treat in the sense of doing about, serving, or coping with is usually accompanied by context indicating an attitude, temperament, point of view determining behavior or a manner of approach or execution

treat all controversial questions impartially

treat a subject realistically

treat with care

treating her guests cavalierly by treating with scorn nearly all the ancient virtues — A.W.Hummel

before Massasoit died he made his sons promise to treat the Brown family kindly — J.R.Clift

deal ( with ) may suggest managing, controlling, authoritative disposing

she dealt with moral problems as a cleaver deals with meat — James Joyce

the dean dealt with the matter promptly

the only previous meeting … had dealt essentially with the immediate problems of military cooperation — F.W.D.Deakin

and sometimes it suggests a relationship between persons or parties on a more or less even basis

we're dealing with a ruthless foe that knows exactly what he wants — L.B.Salomon

handle is often interchangeable with treat and deal ( with ); it may suggest a placing, directing, disposing, or manipulating with or as if with the hand

handle an ax skillfully

handle the distribution of tickets

handling the arrangement of flowers

the federal government picked up a group of unfilled functions that the states could not handle — A.A.Berle

II. noun

( -s )

1. obsolete : entreaty 2


a. archaic : an entertainment of food and drink freely provided : feast

when the tired glutton labors through a treat — Alexander Pope

b. : an entertainment (as a picnic) given without expense to those invited : a pleasure party gratuitously arranged

treats for young people are being organized — Frank Frost

3. obsolete

a. : the way in which one is treated : treatment

b. : the treatment accorded to guests or visitors : reception , welcome

4. : something that affords gratification or pleasure : a great satisfaction : a cause of joy, delight, or sometimes amusement : something highly enjoyable often by being unexpected

there may be pineapple chunks … as a treat for tea — A.D.Rees

the London theatrical season is providing some distinguished treats for Coronation visitors — Mollie Panter-Downes

enjoy the treat of hearing him talk — Christian Science Monitor

III. ˈtrēt noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English trait, tret, from Anglo-French trait

dialect England : bran of medium coarseness — compare chisel

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.