Meaning of DIAPHRAGM in English

DIAPHRAGM

/duy"euh fram'/ , n.

1. Anat.

a. a muscular, membranous or ligamentous wall separating two cavities or limiting a cavity.

b. the partition separating the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity in mammals.

2. Physical Chem.

a. a porous plate separating two liquids, as in a galvanic cell.

b. a semipermeable membrane.

3. a thin disk that vibrates when receiving or producing sound waves, as in a telephone, microphone, speaker, or the like.

4. Also called pessary . a thin, dome-shaped device, usually of rubber, for wearing over the uterine cervix during sexual intercourse to prevent conception.

5. a plate with a hole in the center or a ring that is placed on the axis of an optical instrument, as a camera, and that controls the amount of light entering the instrument.

6. a plate or web for stiffening metal-framed constructions.

v.t.

7. to furnish with a diaphragm.

8. to reduce the aperture of (a lens, camera, etc.) by means of a diaphragm.

[ 1350-1400; ME diafragma diaphragma diáphragma the diaphragm, midriff, equiv. to dia- DIA- + phrágma a fence ]

Random House Webster's Unabridged English dictionary.      Полный английский словарь Вебстер - Random House .