Meaning of NECESSARY in English

— necessariness , n.

/nes"euh ser'ee/ , adj., n., pl. necessaries .


1. being essential, indispensable, or requisite: a necessary part of the motor.

2. happening or existing by necessity: a necessary change in our plans.

3. acting or proceeding from compulsion or necessity; not free; involuntary: a necessary agent.

4. Logic.

a. (of a proposition) such that a denial of it involves a self-contradiction.

b. (of an inference or argument) such that its conclusion cannot be false if its supporting premises are true.

c. (of a condition) such that it must exist if a given event is to occur or a given thing is to exist. Cf. sufficient (def. 2).


5. something necessary or requisite; necessity.

6. necessaries , Law. food, clothing, etc., required by a dependent or incompetent and varying with his or her social or economic position or that of the person upon whom he or she is dependent.

7. Chiefly New Eng. a privy or toilet.

[ 1300-50; ME necessarie necessarius unavoidable, inevitable, needful, equiv. to necess ( e ) (neut. indeclinable adj.) unavoidable, necessary + -arius -ARY ]

Syn. 1. required, needed. NECESSARY, ESSENTIAL, INDISPENSABLE, REQUISITE indicate something vital for the fulfillment of a need. NECESSARY applies to that without which a condition cannot be fulfilled or to an inevitable consequence of certain events, conditions, etc.: Food is necessary to life. Multiplicity is a necessary result of division.

INDISPENSABLE applies to something that cannot be done without or removed from the rest of a unitary condition: Food is indispensable to living things. He made himself indispensable as a companion. That which is ESSENTIAL forms a vitally necessary condition of something: Air is essential to red-blooded animals. It is essential to understand the matter clearly. REQUISITE applies to what is thought necessary to fill out, complete, or perfect something: She had all the requisite qualifications for a position. 5. requirement, requisite, essential.

Ant. 1. dispensable.

Random House Webster's Unabridged English dictionary.      Полный английский словарь Вебстер - Random House .