Meaning of SUSPENSION in English


/seuh spen"sheuhn/ , n.

1. the act of suspending.

2. the state of being suspended.

3. temporary abrogation or withholding, as of a law, privilege, decision, belief, etc.

4. stoppage of payment of debts or claims because of financial inability or insolvency.

5. Chem.

a. the state in which the particles of a substance are mixed with a fluid but are undissolved.

b. a substance in such a state.

6. Physical Chem. a system consisting of small particles kept dispersed by agitation (mechanical suspension) or by the molecular motion in the surrounding medium (colloidal suspension) .

7. something on or by which something else is suspended or hung.

8. something that is suspended or hung.

9. Also called suspension system . the arrangement of springs, shock absorbers, hangers, etc., in an automobile, railway car, etc., connecting the wheel-suspension units or axles to the chassis frame.

10. Elect. a wire, filament, or group of wires by which the conducting part of an instrument or device is suspended.

11. Music.

a. the prolongation of a tone in one chord into the following chord, usually producing a temporary dissonance.

b. the tone so prolonged.

12. Rhet. the heightening of interest by delay of the main subject or clause, especially by means of a series of parallel preceding elements.

[ 1520-30; suspension- (s. of suspensio ), equiv. to suspens ( us ) (see SUSPENSE) + -ion- -ION ]

Syn. 1-3. intermission, interruption, discontinuance, cessation, abeyance, hiatus.

Random House Webster's Unabridged English dictionary.      Полный английский словарь Вебстер - Random House .