Meaning of OPEN in English

OPEN

transcription, транскрипция: [ oʊpən ]

( opens, opening, opened)

Frequency: The word is one of the 700 most common words in English.

1.

If you open something such as a door, window, or lid, or if it opens , its position is changed so that it no longer covers a hole or gap.

He opened the window and looked out...

The church doors would open and the crowd would surge out.

≠ close, shut

VERB : V n , V

Open is also an adjective.

...an open window...

A door had been forced open.

ADJ

2.

If you open something such as a bottle, box, parcel, or envelope, you move, remove, or cut part of it so you can take out what is inside.

The Inspector opened the packet of cigarettes...

The capsules are fiddly to open.

VERB : V n , V n

Open is also an adjective.

...an open bottle of milk...

I tore the letter open.

ADJ

Open up means the same as open .

He opened up a cage and lifted out a 6ft python.

PHRASAL VERB : V P n (not pron) , also V n P

3.

If you open something such as a book, an umbrella, or your hand, or if it opens , the different parts of it move away from each other so that the inside of it can be seen.

He opened the heavy Bible...

The officer’s mouth opened, showing white, even teeth.

VERB : V n , V

Open is also an adjective.

Without warning, Bardo smacked his fist into his open hand...

His mouth was a little open, as if he’d started to scream.

ADJ

Open out means the same as open .

Keith took a map from the dashboard and opened it out on his knees.

...oval tables which open out to become circular.

PHRASAL VERB : V n P , V P , also V P n (not pron)

4.

If you open a computer file, you give the computer an instruction to display it on the screen. ( COMPUTING )

Double click on the icon to open the file.

VERB : V n

5.

When you open your eyes or your eyes open , you move your eyelids upwards, for example when you wake up, so that you can see.

When I opened my eyes I saw a man with an axe standing at the end of my bed...

His eyes were opening wide.

VERB : V n , V

Open is also an adjective.

As soon as he saw that her eyes were open he sat up.

ADJ

6.

If you open your arms, you stretch them wide apart in front of you, usually in order to put them round someone.

She opened her arms and gave me a big hug.

VERB : V n

7.

If you describe a person or their character as open , you mean they are honest and do not want or try to hide anything or to deceive anyone.

He had always been open with her and she always felt she would know if he lied...

She has an open, trusting nature.

ADJ

• open‧ness

...a relationship based on honesty and openness.

N-UNCOUNT

8.

If you describe a situation, attitude, or way of behaving as open , you mean it is not kept hidden or secret.

The action is an open violation of the Vienna Convention...

Hearing the case in open court is only one part of the judicial process.

ADJ : ADJ n

• open‧ness

...the new climate of political openness.

N-UNCOUNT

9.

If you are open to suggestions or ideas, you are ready and willing to consider or accept them.

They are open to suggestions on how working conditions might be improved.

= receptive

ADJ : v-link ADJ to n

10.

If you say that a system, person, or idea is open to something such as abuse or criticism, you mean they might receive abuse or criticism because of their qualities, effects, or actions.

The system, though well-meaning, is open to abuse...

= susceptible

ADJ : v-link ADJ to n

11.

If you say that a fact or question is open to debate, interpretation, or discussion, you mean that people are uncertain whether it is true, what it means, or what the answer is.

It is an open question how long that commitment can last.

ADJ : oft v-link ADJ to n

12.

If people open something such as a blocked road or a border, or if it opens , people can then pass along it or through it.

The rebels have opened the road from Monrovia to the Ivory Coast...

The solid rank of police officers lining the courtroom opened to let them pass.

≠ close

VERB : V n , V

Open is also an adjective.

We were part of an entire regiment that had nothing else to do but to keep that highway open.

ADJ

Open up means the same as open .

As rescue workers opened up roads today, it became apparent that some small towns were totally devastated...

When the Berlin Wall came down it wasn’t just the roads that opened up but the waterways too.

PHRASAL VERB : V P n (not pron) , V P , also V n P

13.

If a place opens into another, larger place, you can move from one directly into the other.

The corridor opened into a low smoky room.

VERB : V into/onto/to n

Open out means the same as open .

...narrow streets opening out into charming squares.

PHRASAL VERB : V P into/onto/to n

14.

An open area is a large area that does not have many buildings or trees in it.

Officers will also continue their search of nearby open ground.

ADJ : usu ADJ n

15.

An open structure or object is not covered or enclosed.

Don’t leave a child alone in a room with an open fire.

...open sandwiches.

ADJ : ADJ n

16.

An open wound is one from which a liquid such as blood is coming.

ADJ : usu ADJ n

17.

If you open your shirt or coat, you undo the buttons or pull down the zip.

I opened my coat and let him see the belt.

VERB : V n

Open is also an adjective.

The top can be worn buttoned up or open over a T-shirt.

ADJ : ADJ n , v-link ADJ

18.

When a shop, office, or public building opens or is opened , its doors are unlocked and the public can go in.

Banks closed on Friday afternoon and did not open again until Monday morning.

...a gang of three who’d apparently been lying in wait for him to open the shop.

...opening and closing times.

VERB : V , V n , V-ing

Open is also an adjective.

His shop is open Monday through Friday, 9am to 6pm.

ADJ

19.

When a public building, factory, or company opens or when someone opens it, it starts operating for the first time.

The original station opened in 1754...

The complex opens to the public tomorrow...

They are planning to open a factory in Eastern Europe...

≠ close, shut

VERB : V , V to n , V n

Open is also an adjective.

...any operating subsidy required to keep the pits open.

ADJ : v-link ADJ

• open‧ing

(openings)

He was there, though, for the official opening.

N-COUNT : usu sing

20.

If something such as a meeting or series of talks opens , or if someone opens it, it begins.

...an emergency session of the Russian Parliament due to open later this morning...

They are now ready to open negotiations.

VERB : V , V n

• open‧ing

...a communique issued at the opening of the talks.

N-SING : the N of n

21.

If an event such as a meeting or discussion opens with a particular activity or if a particular activity opens an event, that activity is the first thing that happens or is dealt with. You can also say that someone such as a speaker or singer opens by doing a particular thing.

The service opened with a hymn...

I opened by saying, ‘Honey, you look sensational.’...

Pollard opened the conversation with some small talk.

= begin

≠ end

VERB : V with n , V by -ing , V n with n , also V n by -ing

22.

On the stock exchange, the price at which currencies, shares, or commodities open is their value at the start of that day’s trading. ( BUSINESS )

Gold declined $2 in Zurich to open at 385.50...

In Paris and Milan, the dollar opened almost unchanged.

≠ close

VERB : V prep / adv , V adj

23.

When a film, play, or other public event opens , it begins to be shown, be performed, or take place for a limited period of time.

A photographic exhibition opens at the Royal College of Art on Wednesday...

VERB : V

• open‧ing

He is due to attend the opening of the Asian Games on Saturday.

N-SING : the N of n

24.

If you open an account with a bank or a commercial organization, you begin to use their services.

He tried to open an account at the branch of his bank nearest to his workplace.

VERB : V n

25.

If an opportunity or choice is open to you, you are able to do a particular thing if you choose to.

There are a wide range of career opportunities open to young people.

ADJ : v-link ADJ to n

26.

To open opportunities or possibilities means the same as to open them up .

The chief of naval operations wants to open opportunities for women in the Navy...

A series of fortunate opportunities opened to him.

VERB : V n , V

27.

You can use open to describe something that anyone is allowed to take part in or accept.

A recent open meeting of College members revealed widespread dissatisfaction...

A portfolio approach would keep entry into the managerial profession open and flexible.

...an open invitation.

ADJ

28.

If something such as an offer or job is open , it is available for someone to accept or apply for.

The offer will remain open until further notice.

ADJ : v-link ADJ

see also opening 6

29.

If you do something in the open , you do it out of doors rather than in a house or other building.

Many are sleeping in the open because they have no shelter.

PHRASE : PHR after v

30.

If an attitude or situation is in the open or out in the open , people know about it and it is no longer kept secret.

The medical service had advised us to keep it a secret, but we wanted it in the open.

PHRASE : usu v-link PHR

31.

If something is wide open , it is open to its full extent.

The child had left the inner door wide open.

PHRASE : PHR after v , v-link PHR

32.

If you say that a competition, race, or election is wide open , you mean that anyone could win it, because there is no competitor who seems to be much better than the others.

The competition has been thrown wide open by the absence of the world champion.

PHRASE : v-link PHR , PHR after v

33.

with open arms: see arm

to open the door: see door

to keep your eyes open: see eye

with your eyes open: see eye

to open your eyes: see eye

to open fire: see fire

to open your heart: see heart

the heavens open: see heaven

an open mind: see mind

to open your mind: see mind

to keep your options open: see option

Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Английский словарь Коллинз COBUILD для изучающих язык на продвинутом уровне.