Meaning of OPEN in English

OPEN

INDEX:

1. to open a door, window, box etc

2. when a door or window opens

3. an open door or window

4. to open a bottle, can, jar

5. to open a packet or something that is folded or rolled

6. to open your eyes or mouth

7. when a shop, bank, restaurant etc opens

RELATED WORDS

opposite

↑ SHUT

see also

↑ FASTEN/UNFASTEN

↑ TIE/UNTIE

◆◆◆

1. to open a door, window, box etc

▷ open /ˈəʊpən/ [transitive verb]

▪ It’s very hot in here. Do you mind if I open the window?

▪ The drawer’s locked - you need a key to open it.

open something wide

▪ He opened the door wide, and gestured for me to come in.

▷ unlock /ʌnˈlɒkǁ-ˈlɑːk/ [transitive verb]

to turn the a key in the lock on a door, drawer, cupboard etc so that you can open it :

▪ Unlock the door! We can’t get out!

▪ Which of these keys unlocks the safe?

▪ ‘Come and see’, Jo said, unlocking a huge iron gate.

▷ force open /ˌfɔːʳs ˈəʊpen/ [verb phrase]

to open a drawer, window, cupboard etc by using force, often with a tool :

force something/it open

▪ The door’s stuck - we’ll have to force it open.

force open something

▪ The burglars had forced open the window with an iron bar.

▪ It looked as though the shed had been forced open.

▷ break open /ˌbreɪk ˈəʊpən/ [verb phrase]

to open a container by using force, so that it is damaged :

break open something

▪ We managed to break open the crate with an axe.

break something/it/them open

▪ There’s no key for the suitcase - we’ll have to break it open.

▪ Gulls carry shellfish into the air, then drop them onto hard surfaces to break them open.

▷ prise open British /pry open American /ˌpraɪz ˈəʊpən, ˌpraɪ ˈəʊpən/ [verb phrase]

to open something by forcing one part of it away from the other part, using a tool :

prise something/it/them open

▪ All the flats were boarded up, but we managed to prise a few boards open.

prise open something

▪ Laura leaned forward to pry open the crate.

prise the lid off

remove the lid to open it

▪ I picked up the coffee tin and, using a knife, prised the lid off.

▷ try /traɪ/ [transitive verb not in passive]

to try to open a door or window in order to see if it is locked :

▪ I knocked, then tried the door. It was open, but the room was empty.

▪ I went around the back to try the windows, but they were all locked.

▷ break down /ˌbreɪk ˈdaʊn/ [transitive phrasal verb]

to completely break a locked door in order to get into a room or building :

break down something

▪ Firemen had to break the door down.

break something/it down

▪ Open the door now or we’ll break it down!

▷ wind down/roll down British /ˌwaɪnd ˈdaʊn, ˌrəʊl ˈdaʊn/ [transitive phrasal verb]

to open a car window, especially by turning a handle :

wind/roll down something

▪ The driver wound down his window and asked us the way to the stadium.

wind/roll something down

▪ Mom, will you roll your window down a little please?

▷ open up /ˌəʊpən ˈʌp/ spoken

use this to tell someone to open a door :

▪ Open up - it’s the police!

2. when a door or window opens

▷ open /ˈəʊpən/ [intransitive verb]

▪ The train doors open and close automatically.

▪ The door slowly opened and a small boy entered the room.

▪ After a short discussion with the customs officers, the gates opened and the truck moved off.

▷ burst/fly open /ˌbɜːʳst, ˌflaɪ ˈəʊpən/ [verb phrase]

to open very suddenly - used especially in stories or descriptions :

▪ Before Mr Carey could speak, the door burst open and Mr Watson rushed into the room.

▪ Every time we go round a corner, the passenger door flies open.

3. an open door or window

▷ open /ˈəʊpən/ [adjective]

▪ Carrie stood in front of the open window.

▪ The office door was open, and I could hear everything they said.

push/slide/kick etc something open

▪ In the mirror, she saw him slide open one of his drawers.

wide open

▪ Do you know you left the window wide open all night?

▷ ajar /əˈdʒɑːʳ/ [adjective not before noun]

a door that is ajar is slightly open - used in written English :

▪ She had left her bedroom door ajar and could hear her parents talking downstairs.

slightly ajar

▪ To his right was a large walk-in cupboard, its door slightly ajar.

4. to open a bottle, can, jar

▷ open /ˈəʊpən/ [transitive verb]

to open a bottle, box, or other container by removing or lifting its top or lid :

▪ Ask the waiter to open another bottle of champagne.

▪ a little gadget that helps you to open jars

▷ unscrew /ʌnˈskruː/ [transitive verb]

to remove the top or lid of a bottle or container by turning it :

▪ Robyn unscrewed a jar of moisturiser and smoothed it over her face.

▪ Pills are stored in containers with tops that are difficult for children to unscrew.

▷ crack open /ˌkræk ˈəʊpən/ [transitive phrasal verb]

to open a bottle of alcohol :

crack open something

▪ Let’s crack open a bottle of champagne.

crack something/it open

▪ We cracked a few cans of beer open and sat down to watch the game.

▷ uncork /ʌnˈkɔːʳk/ [transitive verb]

to open a bottle of wine by removing the cork. The cork is a piece of wood which is put in the top of the bottle :

▪ Ray uncorked the bottle and offered me a glass of wine.

5. to open a packet or something that is folded or rolled

▷ open /ˈəʊpən/ [transitive verb]

▪ Aren’t you going to open your letter?

▪ Judy opened another pack of cigarettes.

▪ When I received the parcel, it had already been opened.

▷ unwrap /ʌnˈræp/ [transitive verb]

to open a package by removing the paper that is wrapped around it :

▪ I just love unwrapping Christmas presents!

▪ Sarah sat down and unwrapped her sandwiches.

▷ unfold /ʌnˈfəʊld/ [transitive verb]

to open something that was folded, such as a piece of paper or cloth :

▪ They unfolded the tablecloth and set out the picnic.

▪ The receipt had been folded and unfolded so many times that it was almost in pieces.

▷ unroll /ʌnˈrəʊl/ [transitive verb]

to spread out something that was rolled up, so that it lies flat :

▪ He unrolled the map and spread it on the table.

▪ While we were admiring the rugs, the shopkeeper started to unroll a splendid carpet.

6. to open your eyes or mouth

▷ open your eyes/mouth /ˌəʊpən jɔːr ˈaɪz, ˈmaʊθ/ [verb phrase]

▪ She opened her eyes and sat up in bed.

open (your mouth) wide

▪ The dentist told me to open my mouth a little wider.

▪ Open wide. I need to look at the back of your throat.

▷ open /ˈəʊpən/ [adjective not usually before noun]

when your mouth or eyes are open :

▪ She sleeps with her eyes half open.

can hardly keep your eyes open

▪ I was so tired I could hardly keep my eyes open.

wide open

open as much as possible

▪ Ben was staring at her with his mouth wide open.

▷ gaping /ˈgeɪpɪŋ/ [adjective]

if someone’s mouth is gaping, it is wide open, especially because they are very shocked or surprised :

▪ Flies crawled over the gaping mouth of the injured man.

7. when a shop, bank, restaurant etc opens

▷ open /ˈəʊpən/ [intransitive verb]

if a shop, bank, restaurant etc opens at a particular time in the day, people can use it from that time :

▪ ‘What times do the banks open?’ ‘Normally at around 9.30.’

▪ On Saturdays, the restaurant opens at 7 p.m.

open early/late

▪ Unknown to me, the office had opened early, and all the tickets had been sold.

▷ open /ˈəʊpən/ [adjective not before noun]

if a shop, bank, restaurant etc is open, it is available for people to use :

▪ The World Café is open from 10 a.m. till 11 p.m.

Longman Activator English vocab.      Английский словарь Longman активатор .