Meaning of TEST in English

TEST

INDEX:

test/exam

1. a test of your knowledge or skill

2. to do a test or exam

3. to do a test or exam again

4. someone who does an exam

5. to give students a test or exam

6. a person who judges a test or exam

7. to pass a test

8. to fail a test

test/experiment

9. a test on something to check it or find out about it

10. to do a test on something in order to check it or find out about it

11. to use a person or animal in a test

12. a person or animal that is used in a test

RELATED WORDS

answer a question : ↑ ANSWER (8-10)

the result of a test or exam : ↑ GRADE

see also

↑ LEARN

↑ STUDY

↑ TEACH

↑ SUBJECT

↑ SCHOOL/UNIVERSITY

◆◆◆

1. a test of your knowledge or skill

▷ test /test/ [countable noun]

a set of spoken or written questions or practical activities, which are intended to find out how much someone knows about a subject or skill :

▪ Several students were caught cheating on the test.

▪ The committee is calling for national tests for American schoolchildren.

spelling/reading/biology etc test

▪ I have a chemistry test tomorrow.

driving/driver’s test

▪ Did Lauren pass her driving test?

test on

▪ Listen carefully, because there will be a test on this next week.

▷ exam also examination formal /ɪgˈzæm, ɪgˌzæmə̇ˈneɪʃ ə n/ [countable noun]

an important test that you do at the end of a course of study or at the end of the school year :

▪ Students are not allowed to talk during the examination.

▪ He’s upstairs, revising for an exam.

in an exam British /on an exam

American

▪ How did you do in your exams?

entrance exam

an exam you must pass to enter a school or university

▪ In Japan, entrance exams are very important, and many children go to extra classes to prepare for them.

history/French/biology etc exam

▪ We have a biology exam tomorrow, and I haven’t done any work for it yet.

final/mid-term exam

American exams taken at the end or the middle of a particular class

▪ Final exams will be just before Christmas.

▷ quiz /kwɪz/ [countable noun] American

a quick test that a teacher gives to a class, usually to check that students are learning the things they should be learning :

▪ We have a history quiz every Monday.

pop quiz

a quiz that is not expected by the students

▪ He likes giving pop quizzes, to see if the kids are remembering anything.

▷ oral exam also oral British /ˈɔːrəl ɪgˌzæm, ˈɔːrəl/ [countable noun]

an exam in which you answer questions by speaking, instead of writing, for example to test how good you are at speaking a foreign language :

▪ You can either take an oral exam or do a 25 page essay.

▪ Nicky got an A in her Spanish oral.

▷ practical /ˈpræktɪk ə l/ [countable noun] British

an exam that tests your ability to do or make things, rather than your ability to write about them, for example in subjects such as chemistry or cooking :

▪ We’ve got our chemistry practical tomorrow morning.

▷ finals /ˈfaɪnlz/ [plural noun] British

the last exams that you take at the end of a British university course :

▪ During my finals I was revising till 3 o'clock in the morning most days.

▷ final/midterm /ˈfaɪnl, ˌmɪdˈtɜːʳm◂/ [countable noun] American

the test you take at the end of a particular class, or the test you take in the middle of that class :

▪ This class will require two papers, a midterm, and a final.

▷ assessment /əˈsesmənt/ [uncountable noun] especially British

a method used to find out how good a student is at a particular subject, for example by giving them written work, tests, or exams :

▪ Assessment is by means of a written exam at the end of the course.

continuous assessment

assessment throughout a student’s course of study, instead of only at the end

▪ Most schools nowadays prefer to use continuous assessment, because it gives a fairer picture of how the student has done during the whole year.

▷ testing /ˈtestɪŋ/ [uncountable noun]

the system of using exams and tests to find out how good someone is at a particular subject :

▪ The government plans to introduce compulsory testing in junior schools from the age of 7.

▪ I believe that some sort of testing is always necessary in order to motivate students.

2. to do a test or exam

▷ take /teɪk/ [transitive verb]

▪ Anna will be taking her music exam in the summer.

▪ Most young people take the SAT exams in their last year of high school.

▪ I took my driving test when I was 18.

▷ do /duː/ [transitive verb] British

do is more informal that take, and is used especially in conversation :

▪ I’d better go home -- I’ve got to do an exam in the morning.

▪ The kids are doing a test this morning.

▷ have also have got /hæv, həv ˈgɒtǁ-ˈgɑːt/ [transitive verb]

if you have an exam tomorrow, next week etc, you are going to do it then :

▪ We have a quiz every week on what we’ve been reading.

▪ I have a written exam in the morning and an interview in the afternoon.

▪ Lucy’s got her driving test next week.

▷ sit /sɪt/ [transitive verb] British

to do a written school or college exam :

▪ I sat my final exams last year.

3. to do a test or exam again

▷ retake/take something again /ˌriːˈteɪk, ˌteɪk something əˈgen/ [transitive verb/verb phrase]

to do a test or exam again because you have previously failed it :

▪ She wants to retake her French A-level exam.

▪ Ralph retook his driver’s test in June.

▪ If you fail the test, you can always take it again

retake /ˈriːteɪk/ [countable noun] British :

▪ Can you sit a retake?

▷ resit /ˌriːˈsɪt/ [transitive verb] British

to do a written school or college exam again because you have previously failed it :

▪ It only makes sense to resit an exam if you strongly believe you will do better.

resit /ˈriːsɪt/ [countable noun]

▪ Is a resit possible?

4. someone who does an exam

▷ candidate /ˈkændɪdət, ˈkændədətǁ-deɪt, -də̇t/ [countable noun] British

someone who does an exam :

▪ Candidates should be at their desks 5 minutes before the start of the examination.

5. to give students a test or exam

▷ give somebody a test /ˌgɪv somebody ə ˈtest/ [verb phrase]

to make someone do a test :

▪ Schools are required to give students national standardized tests.

give sb a test on

▪ The French teacher gave us a test on irregular verbs, and I got 100%.

▷ test /test/ [transitive verb]

to ask someone written or spoken questions to find out what they know about a subject :

▪ New students are tested in math and reading, and placed in the appropriate class.

test somebody on something

▪ Tomorrow you’ll be tested on the main events of the Civil War.

▷ set somebody a test/an exam /ˌset somebody ə ˈtest, ən ɪgˈzæm/ [verb phrase] British

to choose the questions that are in a test or exam :

▪ Next lesson I’m setting you all a test to see how much you’ve learned.

▪ Whoever set the exam didn’t seem to know the material very well.

▷ examine /ɪgˈzæmɪn, ɪgˈzæmən/ [transitive verb] formal

to ask someone questions in an exam in order to find out what they know about a particular subject :

▪ To save time, students will be examined in groups of three.

examine somebody on something

▪ Students will be examined on all aspects of Russian literature and history.

6. a person who judges a test or exam

▷ examiner /ɪgˈzæmɪnəʳ, ɪgˈzæmənəʳ/ [countable noun] British

someone who judges exams or tests :

▪ The examiner told him to relax and then asked him to turn on the engine.

▪ Students who, in the opinion of the examiners, do not reach the required standard must take the exam again.

7. to pass a test

▷ pass /pɑːsǁpæs/ [intransitive/transitive verb]

to reach a high enough standard to succeed in an examination or test :

▪ ‘I’m taking my driving test today.’ ‘Do you think you’ll pass?’

▪ New recruits have to pass a physical fitness test.

pass with flying colours British /colors American

pass a test or examination with very high marks

▪ She was so nervous about her examination results, but in fact she passed with flying colours.

▷ qualify /ˈkwɒlɪfaɪ, ˈkwɒləfaɪǁˈkwɑː-/ [intransitive verb] especially British

to pass all the examinations that you need in order to become a doctor, lawyer, engineer etc :

▪ After qualifying, she joined the NatWest Bank as a corporate advisor.

qualify as

▪ She wanted to improve her English so she could qualify as a translator.

▷ graduate /ˈgrædʒueɪt/ [intransitive verb]

to pass all your final examinations at university or college, and get a degree. In the US, graduate also means to successfully complete your high school education :

▪ What are you going to do after you graduate?

graduate from

▪ Mitch graduated from Stanford in 1998 with a degree in biochemistry.

graduate in history/French/medicine etc

British

▪ She graduated in modern languages and now works as an interpreter.

▷ scrape through /ˌskreɪp ˈθruː/ [intransitive/transitive phrasal verb] especially British, informal

to only just pass an examination, by getting only a few marks more than are necessary :

▪ Daniel scraped through the entrance exam.

▪ I scraped through my exams with marks just good enough to keep my place in the school of pharmacy.

▷ get through /ˌget ˈθruː/ [intransitive/transitive phrasal verb]

to pass a difficult test or examination :

▪ The entrance exam is very difficult and only a small minority of candidates get through.

get somebody through something

▪ Reading that book at the last minute was the only thing that got me through the history exam.

▷ sail/breeze through /ˈseɪl, ˈbriːz θruː/ [intransitive/transitive phrasal verb] informal

to pass a test or examination very easily :

▪ ‘How’d his exams go?’ "He breezed through - no trouble at all.

sail/breeze through something

▪ She sailed through her driving test the first time.

▷ pass/be given a pass /pɑːs, biː ˌgɪvənə ˈpɑːsǁ-ˈpæs/ [transitive verb/verb phrase]

▪ My teacher told me she passed me only because she knew I’d had a really hard year.

▪ I didn’t think the candidate deserved to be given a pass but the other examiners disagreed.

8. to fail a test

▷ fail /feɪl/ [intransitive/transitive verb]

to not reach a high enough standard to succeed in a test or exam :

▪ She failed her history class and has to take it again.

▪ ‘How did Chris do in his driving test?’ ‘He failed.’

▪ Many of the boys in the program had been failing at school.

▷ flunk /flʌŋk/ [transitive verb] American informal

to fail an exam :

▪ He was cutting school and flunking classes.

▪ She flunked the state bar exam four times before she finally passed.

flunk out

fail all your classes, so that you have to leave school

▪ Brant flunked out of college his first year.

▷ bomb /bɒmǁbɑːm/ [intransitive/transitive verb] American informal

to fail a test or exam very badly :

▪ I bombed on the quiz he gave us.

▪ ‘How’d it go?’ ‘I bombed on the written section, but I think I did okay on the multiple choice part.’

9. a test on something to check it or find out about it

▷ test /test/ [countable noun]

a process that is used for finding out important information about something, for example whether a machine is working properly, whether a substance is safe, or whether someone has an illness :

▪ a ban on nuclear tests

test to determine/show/find etc

▪ Teachers can use the program to create tests to check children’s progress.

▪ A blood test can be done to determine who the baby’s father is.

carry out a test/do a test

▪ Doctors did several tests to find out what was wrong.

test on

▪ We carry out safety tests on all our products.

test for

to find out if something exists

▪ There is a simple test for diabetes.

eye/blood/skin etc test

▪ A blood test will show if you are a possible bone marrow donor.

hearing/sight etc test

▪ Nine-month-old babies are given hearing tests by health visitors.

▷ experiment /ɪkˈsperɪmənt, ɪkˈsperəmənt/ [countable noun]

a scientific test to find out how something is affected when you do something to it :

▪ In one experiment, the men were not allowed to sleep and then were tested on how well they were able to concentrate.

▪ The elderly people were taught meditation in the 12-week experiment.

do/carry out/perform an experiment

▪ They are doing experiments to learn more about the affects of alcohol on the brain.

experiment on

an experiment using something

▪ The Institute plans to conduct no further experiments on monkeys.

experimental /ɪkˌsperɪˈmentl◂, ɪkˌsperəˈmentl◂/ [adjective]

▪ an experimental medical treatment

experimentally [adverb]

▪ The FDA has granted researchers permission to use the drug experimentally on humans.

▷ trial /ˈtraɪəl/ [countable noun]

a test in which a new product, such as a drug, a weapon, or a vehicle, is used by a small number of people in order to find out if it is safe and effective :

▪ Results of the drug trial will be available soon.

trial of

▪ Probert is overseeing the trials of the new explosives.

clinical trial

a trial of a drug or treatment that is done carefully by doctors on humans

▪ Until now, the drug was only available to people taking part in clinical trials.

▷ testing /ˈtestɪŋ/ [uncountable noun] formal

when something such as a process, system, substance etc is being examined, in order to see whether it exists, is safe, or is working properly :

▪ The U.S. conducted atomic weapons testing in Nevada during the 1950s.

▪ The aircraft is still in the early stages of testing and production.

drug/genetic/AIDS etc testing

▪ Athletes will be subject to random drug testing.

▷ trial run /ˈtraɪəl rʌn/ [countable noun]

an occasion when you test a new method or system to see if it works well :

▪ The national railroad is doing a few trial runs to test new equipment.

▷ pilot /ˈpaɪlət/ [countable noun]

a test in which a new idea or plan is used in a limited number of places or situations, in order to see if it is worth continuing or doing in a more general way :

▪ The results of the pilot have been encouraging.

pilot study/project/program etc

▪ The government sponsored a pilot project to find out how the education reforms would work in schools.

▷ piloting /ˈpaɪlətɪŋ/ [uncountable noun]

a process in which a new system or product is tested using different groups of people in order to see how effective and popular it will be :

▪ Extensive piloting has shown us our study book will be a useful aid to students.

10. to do a test on something in order to check it or find out about it

▷ do a test/anexperiment also conduct/perform an experiment/a test formal /ˌduː ə ˈtest, ən ɪkˈsperə̇mənt, kənˌdʌkt, pəʳˌfɔːʳm ən ɪkˈsperə̇mənt, ə ˈtest/ [verb phrase]

▪ He has a blood test done each week to see how effective the medication is.

▪ Children can use the magnet to perform many simple experiments.

▪ The company did not conduct adequate safety tests.

do a test/anexperiment on

▪ The space shuttle crew conducted experiments on plants and cells in a special lab.

▷ test /test/ [transitive verb]

to do a test on something to find out whether it works or to get more information about it :

▪ Test your brakes to check they are working correctly.

▪ The devices were tested very carefully and are considered safe.

test something on somebody/something

▪ These products have not been tested on animals.

test something for something

to find out whether it has a substance in it

▪ The water is being tested for signs of chemical pollution.

▷ run a test /ˌrʌn ə ˈtest/ [verb phrase]

to do a test, especially one that is often used, or one that has been prepared and is ready to be done :

▪ Doctors ran tests to determine the cause of his irregular heartbeat.

▪ We think the equipment is working fine, but we still need to run a few more tests.

▷ carry out tests /ˌkæri aʊt ˈtests/ [verb phrase]

if someone such as a doctor or scientist carries out tests, they do a set of tests in order to find out what is wrong, what needs improving etc :

▪ Police scientists are carrying out tests on the murder victim’s clothes.

▪ Results of tests carried out at this clinic are always strictly confidential.

▷ try out /ˌtraɪ ˈaʊt/ [transitive phrasal verb]

to test an object such as a tool or piece of equipment by using it, or to test a plan or idea by doing it :

try something out

▪ Toy manufacturers use employees’ children to try new products out.

try out something

▪ He visited the center several times, trying out different computer software packages.

▷ put something to the test /ˌpʊt something tə ðə ˈtest/ [verb phrase]

to test something, such as an idea, a belief, or a product, to see if it works as well as someone says it does or as you think it will :

▪ The system’s effectiveness will soon be put to the test.

▪ The soldiers worked out a strategy which was then put to the test in a training exercise.

▷ pilot /ˈpaɪlət/ [transitive verb]

to test a new system or product using different groups of people in order to see how effective or popular it is :

▪ The coursebook was piloted in schools all over Europe.

11. to use a person or animal in a test

▷ experiment on /ɪkˈsperɪment ɒn, ɪkˈsperəment ɒn/ [transitive phrasal verb]

to use someone or something in scientific tests in order to find out how they are affected when you do something to them :

▪ For some disease research, experimenting on animals is very important.

▪ Some of the government labs had experimented on humans without their consent.

▷ test something on /ˈtest something ɒn/ [transitive phrasal verb]

to do tests in which a group of people or animals use a product, take a drug etc in order to see what their reaction is :

▪ This face cream has not been tested on animals.

▪ They’ve just received permission to begin testing the new drug on humans.

▷ screen /skriːn/ [transitive verb]

to test a person or a particular group of people to see if they have a particular illness or infection :

▪ Because breast cancer is common in older women, we screen all women over 50.

screen somebody/something for

▪ If you receive blood in the United Kingdom it will already have been screened for HIV.

screening [uncountable noun]

▪ The company has recently introduced free health screening for all its employees.

▷ vivisection /ˌvɪvɪˈsekʃ ə n, ˌvɪvəˈsekʃ ə n/ [uncountable noun]

the practice of doing tests on live animals, for example in order to increase medical knowledge or to test new products :

▪ I’m not against vivisection, but obviously we all want to avoid animals suffering unnecessarily.

▪ Without vivisection many of the recent anti-cancer advances simply would not have been made.

12. a person or animal that is used in a test

▷ subject /ˈsʌbdʒɪkt/ [countable noun] formal

a person or animal that is used in a test - use this especially in scientific contexts :

▪ Subjects for this experiment represented a good cross-section of the American population.

▪ All subjects were tested for perfect hearing before the experiment began.

▷ guinea pig /ˈgɪni pɪg/ [countable noun] informal

a person or animal who takes part in a test to see how successful or useful a new idea, system, machine etc is, sometimes without being asked :

▪ Would you both mind being the guinea pigs for a new recipe I want to try out?

▪ Students are complaining that they are being used as guinea pigs for the new maths syllabus.

Longman Activator English vocab.      Английский словарь Longman активатор .