Meaning of TEST in English

TEST

/ test; NAmE / noun , verb

■ noun

OF KNOWLEDGE / ABILITY

1.

test (on sth) an examination of sb's knowledge or ability, consisting of questions for them to answer or activities for them to perform :

an IQ / intelligence / aptitude test

to take a test

( BrE )

to do a test

a test on irregular verbs

to pass / fail a test

( BrE )

a good mark in the test

( NAmE )

a good grade on the test

—see also driving test ➡ note at exam

OF HEALTH

2.

a medical examination to discover what is wrong with you or to check the condition of your health :

a test for AIDS

an eye test

a pregnancy test

When can I get my test results ?

—see also blood test , breath test

OF MACHINE / PRODUCT, etc.

3.

an experiment to discover whether or how well sth works, or to find out more information about it :

laboratory tests

a nuclear test

Tests have shown high levels of pollutants in the water.

I'll run a diagnostic test to see why the server keeps crashing.

—see also acid test , blind test , field test , means test , road test

OF STRENGTH, etc.

4.

a situation or an event that shows how good, strong, etc. sb/sth is :

The local elections will be a good test of the government's popularity.

IN CRICKET, etc.

5.

Test = Test match

IDIOMS

- put sb/sth to the test

- stand the test of time

■ verb

KNOWLEDGE / ABILITY

1.

to find out how much sb knows, or what they can do by asking them questions or giving them activities to perform :

[ vn ]

We test your English before deciding which class to put you in.

Children are tested on core subjects at ages 7, 11 and 14.

[ v ]

Schools use various methods of testing.

HEALTH

2.

test sb/sth (for sth) to examine the blood, a part of the body, etc. to find out what is wrong with a person, or to check the condition of their health :

[ vn ]

to test sb's eyesight / hearing

The doctor tested him for hepatitis.

[ v - adj ]

to test positive / negative

Two athletes tested positive for steroids.

MACHINE / PRODUCT, etc.

3.

[ vn ] test sth (on sth / for sth) | test sth out to use or try a machine, substance, etc. to find out how well it works or to find out more information about it :

Test your brakes regularly.

Our beauty products are not tested on animals.

The water is regularly tested for purity.

They opened a single store in Europe to test out the market.

—see also field-test

STRENGTH, etc.

4.

[ vn ] to be difficult and therefore need all your strength, ability, etc. :

The long climb tested our fitness and stamina.

—see also testing

IDIOMS

- test the waters

—more at tried

PHRASAL VERBS

- test for sth | test sth for sth

••

WORD ORIGIN

late Middle English (denoting a container used to treat gold or silver alloys or ore): via Old French from Latin testu , testum earthen pot, variant of testa jug, shell. The verb dates from the early 17th cent.

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.