Meaning of CHANGE in English

CHANGE

I. verb

COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES

a career change/move

After ten years in the job, I realized that I needed to make a career change.

a change in temperature

The oil is affected by changes in temperature.

a change in the rules

I didn’t realise that there had been a change in the rules.

a change of address (= a new address when you move to a different place )

You need to inform your bank if there’s been a change of address.

a change of clothes

He only took a small bag with a change of clothes.

a change of emphasis ( also a shift in emphasis )

There has been a change of emphasis in the government’s foreign policy.

a change of mood

Michael underwent one of his sudden changes of mood.

a change of plan

The day before my flight, my boss phoned and said there’d been a change of plan.

a change of tactics

They trailed 2–1 at half time, but a change of tactics brought a 3–2 win.

a change of/in policy

This decision represented a major change in policy.

a change/shift in focus

Over the years, there has been a change of focus from treatment to prevention.

a changing climate

A changing climate will bring rising tides.

a dramatic change

The Internet has brought dramatic changes to the way we work.

a fundamental change

A fundamental change is needed in the voting system.

a lifestyle change

There are many ways in which we can save energy without making dramatic lifestyle changes.

a percentage increase/change

Poorer pensioners experienced the greatest percentage increase in their pensions.

a policy change

There have been numerous policy changes in recent months.

a radical change

If that offer is serious, it will mark a radical change in policy.

a situation changes

The situation could change very rapidly.

abrupt change

an abrupt change of plan

agent for/of change

Technological advances are the chief agents of change.

amend/change the constitution (= make changes to it )

Congress amended the constitution more than 300 times during 1992.

anticipate changes/developments

The schedule isn’t final, but we don’t anticipate many changes.

bureau de change

call for a change

Scientists are calling for a change in the law.

change a baby (= change its nappy )

Could you change the baby for me?

change a bed (= put clean sheets on it )

You should change the beds at least once a fortnight.

change a nappy (= take off a baby's dirty nappy and put on a clean one )

My husband hardly ever changes the baby's nappies.

change a tyre

I have never changed a tyre or looked under a bonnet.

change career

People may change careers as many as seven times in their lives.

change channels

Use the remote control to change channels.

change direction (= start to go in a different direction )

Suddenly the birds changed direction.

change for the better

a definite change for the better

change gear ( also switch/shift gears American English )

It takes some time to learn when to change gear.

change of life

change purse

change sb's outlook

None of my arguments could change his outlook or behavior.

change the course of history (= do something that has many important effects )

Roosevelt and Churchill helped to change the course of history.

change the focus

He changed the focus from general to specific issues.

change the sheets (= put clean sheets on a bed )

change the subject (= start talking about something different )

She tried to change the subject.

change your behaviour ( also modify your behaviour formal )

He has no reason to change his behaviour.

change your clothes

I usually change my clothes as soon as I get home from work.

change (your) course (= at university or college )

Some students choose to change their course after the first year.

change your expression

The child did not once cry or change her expression.

change your habits

It's sometimes difficult for people to change their habits.

change your lifestyle

You can help prevent heart disease by changing your lifestyle.

change your name

Many immigrants changed their names to seem more American.

change your plans

We had to change our plans at the last minute.

change your position

Since then, the party has changed its position.

change your story

During police interviews, Harper changed his story several times.

change your will (= change some of the instructions in your will )

Marius had decided to change his will in her favour.

change/alter the appearance of sth

The proposed dam will change the appearance of the surrounding countryside enormously.

change/alter the course of sth

The incident changed the course of the election.

change/alter/shift the balance

Will this alter the balance of power in the EU?

His appointment shifted the government’s balance decisively to the right.

change/break the habits of a lifetime (= stop doing the things you have done for many years )

It is hard to change the habits of a lifetime, but you must eat more healthily or you will have a heart attack.

change/convert currency (= change money from one currency to another )

There’s usually a charge for converting currencies.

changed lanes

That idiot changed lanes without signalling.

changed tack

Rudy changed tack , his tone suddenly becoming friendly.

changed...diaper

I changed her diaper .

changed...name by deed poll

Steve changed his name by deed poll to Elvis Presley-Smith.

change...fuse

I taught him how to change a fuse .

change/replace the battery (= put a new battery in sth )

You may need to change the battery in the smoke alarm.

change/shift your position

He shifted his position to get a better view of the stage.

change/switch tactics

Manchester United switched tactics in the second half.

changing room

Changing Rooms

changing table

climate change (= a permanent change in weather conditions )

The world must reduce the emissions that cause climate change.

constantly changing

The English language is constantly changing .

constitutional reform/change/amendment

a proposal for constitutional reform

cultural change

These were decades of rapid cultural change.

detect a change/difference

Dan detected a change in her mood.

Drastic changes

Drastic changes are needed if environmental catastrophe is to be avoided.

far-reaching reforms/proposals/changes

The country carried out far-reaching reforms to modernize its economy.

happen/appear/change overnight

Reputations are not changed overnight.

impending changes

impending changes in government legislation

Initiatives of Change

make a welcome change

Six months in Scotland would make a welcome change from London.

moves/plans/changes afoot

There were plans afoot for a second attack.

noticeable difference/change/increase etc

a noticeable improvement in air quality

pocket change

The money is nothing – pocket change to them.

rapid change

The labour market has undergone a period of rapid change over the last few years.

rapidly growing/changing/expanding etc

the rapidly changing world of technology

refreshing change

It made a refreshing change to talk to someone new.

regime change

represent a change/an advance/an increase etc

This treatment represents a significant advance in the field of cancer research.

resist change

People resist change because they fear the unknown.

sb's mood changes

Then his mood changed, and he laughed.

sb’s attitude changes

As you get older, your attitude changes.

sb’s priorities change

As you get older, your priorities may change.

sb’s view changes

Your view about these things changes as you get older.

sea change

a sea change in attitudes

sex change

step change

The new law marks a step change in our programme for reforming public services.

subject to change

Prices are subject to change .

sudden change

a sudden change in the weather

sweeping changes/cuts/reforms etc

They want to make sweeping changes to education policies.

the atmosphere changes

New owners bought the hotel and the whole atmosphere changed.

the focus changes/shifts

The focus of the negotiations shifted to working conditions.

the pace of change

The pace of change accelerated dramatically in the early 1980s.

the wind changes (= starts blowing from a different direction )

The wind had to change before his fighting ships could sail against the Spanish.

things change

Things have changed dramatically over the last few years.

undergo a change

The equipment has undergone several important design changes in recent years.

unforeseen circumstances/events/changes etc

Due to unforeseen circumstances , the play has been cancelled.

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ ADVERB

constantly

The composition of the village was constantly changing as a result of short-distance mobility.

The bonus of having to traverse a network of constantly changing roads?

And clubs can't help cashing in - by constantly changing the colour and style of their football strips.

Now, to make it even more interesting, have the cars maintain the same close spacing but constantly change their formation.

However, points may be redeemed only against certain products, which are constantly changing .

It was impossible to feel loyalty to the constantly changing environment.

The scene will keep constantly changing .

In our constantly changing , global, highly technological society, collaboration is a necessity.

dramatically

Since the Earth began, 4.5 billion years ago, its atmosphere has changed dramatically .

The demographics of our population have changed dramatically over the past half-century, and particularly so over the last decade.

By 1988, however, the picture had changed dramatically .

But all that has changed dramatically .

The western diet has changed dramatically over the past few decades.

Those new standards, the product of years of work, will dramatically change the way students are taught in California.

Baits Once again this area has changed dramatically in the past 12 years.

The dynamic is going to change dramatically .

little

But his replacement could change little .

It was little changed at Y142.00.

The dollar was little changed against the yen during Tokyo trading, and the government bond market barely moved.

And it's changed little over the centuries.

Bond prices were little changed in modest trading and the dollar was mixed in a muted session.

Compared with yesterday the bond was little changed , after closing at 106. 50.

radically

Frustration can easily occur unless members radically change their thinking to view the church-as-a-force.

It was also a sign that the days of love-ins were about to change radically .

In the not-so-distant future, technology will continue to change radically what we see and how we see it.

By the age of 30 his work had changed radically and he withdrew all his previously published music.

Mayor Michael Albano has said he wants to radically change the department.

Such an unpleasant and unanticipated development radically changes the situation, and further and more profound explanations are clearly called for.

Knowing that governments have lost their ability to shorten recessions also radically changes expectations.

rapidly

For instance, the intended subjects are boxes of plants which remain in place and do not change rapidly .

Now the rapidly changing workplace meant men had to retool routinely too.

Society was changing rapidly even if institutions like the Anglo-dominated education system were slow to admit it.

They make it impossible to respond to rapidly changing environments.

Come the mid-i980s, however, things were changing rapidly .

You ought to be viewing your product as a startup company might view whatever it was offering in a rapidly changing market.

On the other hand, things can change rapidly there.

Most businesses will compete globally iD. a rapidly changing world.

■ NOUN

attitude

Police procedures change , and even police attitudes change over the years.

Within the decade his attitudes begin to change .

In the last few years, attitudes have changed and society now expects smokers to wipe out 70 years of brainwashing overnight.

But such attitudes may be changing .

Today that landscape is changing , as attitudes have changed.

During and after the Reformation, attitudes changed more quickly.

But, despite the attractions of mobility, attitudes can be changed , or at least modified.

Yet, although attitudes changed , the central problem remained.

behaviour

Politicians only change their behaviour when they feel threatened.

They may also insist that the other spouse change their behaviour so that it would be more consistent with their own.

Instead you pick the most likely payoff and test to see if altering it changes the pattern of behaviour .

To change behaviour requires tactics that match the complexity of the causes.

It is likely to be more difficult to change attitudes or behaviour through advertising than to reinforce them.

If you want me to change my behaviour then I need to perceive some advantage in doing so.

Remember that people can change their behaviour but not their personalities.

Our results also suggest that awareness is not enough to change behaviour .

course

The Brazos River in Texas is said to change its course abruptly once every ten years or so.

Not everyone changed , of course .

But Steve Martin did not change course for a second.

He could carry out the intricate navigational corrections, and execute the necessary flight maneuvers when it was time to change course .

The influence of the three High Elf Mages changed the course of the war.

That was changing , of course , as everything did.

About a mile away from me they change course and turn back slowly in graceful, wide curves.

direction

She left there just before the birth of their first child, and proceeded to change direction yet again.

Even the great Jim Brown used to change directions occasionally.

It works on the principle that the pursuer will not be able to change direction as efficiently as the prey.

As the light slows down, it also changes direction a little.

Don't younger people move, have babies, and otherwise change direction ?

It was a dark night with just a glimmer of stars and a light and fickle wind which frequently changed direction .

Films rather than books were the medium to aim for-fair comment, of course, that helped me change direction .

A frustrated teacher changed career directions and obtained a position as a training officer in industry.

face

Ambush marketing has changed the face of sport and sport sponsorship.

Version 3.0 and the further improved 3.1 version of Microsoft Windows have changed the face of modern Personal Computing.

The newer, so-called atypical medicines are helping change the face of mental illness, experts agree.

The M-forty extension through fifty nine miles of Oxfordshire and Warwickshire has changed the face of the countryside.

In the course of doing so he could change the face of Britain.

In 2001 compulsory quotas has changed the face of the rightwing opposition.

habit

They will have to change old habits and acquire new ones.

They say revolution begins at home, and right now Robert Redford is trying to get you to change your viewing habits .

The difficulty with habits is that they are difficult to change .

They did not change their exercise habits .

This makes the assumption, of course, that the plants have not changed their habits since they were fossilized.

Feedback is critical to changing writing habits .

I like the way it emphasises changing eating habits , along with exercising, too.

He changed his habits eventually and became a college president.

law

If the federal government is to change the law , it will need to act quickly, while the outrage lasts.

The judges ruled that it was the job of Parliament, not the courts, to change the law .

They also worry about the law changing .

When they change the law Spike and I will marry immediately.

There hasn't been an effort to change the law since.

A collection of such material should enhance our knowledge of the factors which contributed to change in law and society.

An affronted Legislature has changed the law so that Texas governments can no longer sue those seeking records.

life

It has changed my life , and the lives of my family, my friends and the people I work with.

Many of those involved with Black Mountain say that their courses with Albers changed their lives .

Revenge and the search for justice change the life of Jimmie Rainwood played by Tom Selleck.

Q: If you could change anything in your life right now, what would it be?

This show was to change my life ... for ever.

Now I know that we live in a wonderful era where you can change your life script.

But she won't let her megabucks prize change her life ... it's only worth £160.30p.

What do you need to change in your life to begin that kind of work?

mind

But I can't say I'd changed my mind about Celebrity Golf.

I changed my mind when everything started to end.

What tragedies must occur before he and the Minister of State will change their minds ?

She would run a little, try to mount, change her mind and slow down again.

If Brian agrees to buy the car, then changes his mind , can he withdraw his acceptance?

Assigned to command the assault, Cogney had also changed his mind .

I go curly I get jealous I act reasonable I change my mind .

Exit polls also found that one in four voters had at one time supported Dole but changed their minds .

name

Perhaps you could change your name to Gamboge Yellow and be a different person.

You can change this user name is you wish.

And of course she did not change my name .

Perhaps he should change his name to Loan Hart, it would be more modern.

She changed her name and moved to Atlanta.

Elga Group has changed its name to Protean and has acquired Carbolite, the electric furnace and oven specialist.

Better he should change his first name from Placido to Rapido.

plan

He's had to change his plans , that's all.

Faircloth is hoping this will change , once a plan to market the program to students is completed.

No logical reason, he wrote, but that will not make me change my plans once I have begun.

Response was so small, however, that she changed her plan .

Your welcome may change my plans .

But there are others who vehemently oppose changing the general plan designation in either area.

We could phone and say we've changed our plans .

No one can change their retirement plans quickly.

policy

Overnight, after the election, it changed its policy on coal.

The World was offered and turned down $ 350, 000 to change its shrill policy .

Similarly, changing dividend policy to yield more cash for investment needs to be handled with care.

He believed that the government recognized that it must change its policy since the old policy had not worked.

Directors said yesterday they had decided to change investment accounting policy to charge the provisions as exceptional rather than extraordinary.

Those who thought that President Herrera had changed his policy toward the United States now had their answer.

It had changed half its policies , modernised its machine, replaced two leaders.

Sensenbrenner and the team decided to see if they could change the policy .

rule

The decision to change the rules of precedent in the House of Lords was not a sudden one.

A bipartisan drive to change the rules for financing federal campaigns is running into stiff resistance from veteran members of Congress.

They also changed their rules of gathering, confining themselves to a fortnightly meeting during Parliament's sessions.

Get a free hand to change work rules .

Then they changed the rules , so they did the program again.

Second, the International put in a new man, Joe Manley, as secretary-treasurer, and changed the election rules .

Then they changed the rules again, so they did the program again.

Congress should resist the calls to change the rules in the middle of this game.

situation

The advent of a national curriculum in this country may change this situation .

But a few things are being done to change the situation .

How can those women who do become conscious of their predicament act to change their situation ?

There was nothing I could do to change my situation .

I later realised I had missed a major opportunity for helping change the situation .

Industries in the United States, like those all over the world, are faced with a changing regulatory situation .

Step 9 Be quite clear in your mind how your child must change in order for the situation to improve.

In addition, a child who is aware of her anger is more likely to take assertive action to change her situation .

subject

With children ... And I hastily changed the subject .

They changed the subject by noting their prosecution of some highly publicized cases against the Klan and other white supremacist organizations.

He should have finished at university long ago, but he kept taking extra courses, changing subjects and things.

But after a minute or two Peter would change the subject on me again.

Then Patrick changed the subject and when they were all away on the new tack he took Rain aside.

And when I said nothing more, she abruptly changed the subject .

Sometimes we deliberately flout the charge to be relevant: to signal embarrassment or a desire to change the subject .

Like Mondale, he had to take a risk to change the subject and refocus attention.

system

We have less than two months to train people and change our computer systems over the Easter period.

Such vouchers would indeed be a step toward changing the system by creating market-type controls on the demand side of the market.

I hope that a Labour Government will change that system .

Our present system is analogue and the requirement for computer system links and data transmission may justify changing to a digital system.

It will take a lot of time and work to achieve substantive changes in the regulatory system .

More and more are going into politics with the specific intention of working to change the present unjust system .

He also proposes a bipartisan commission to examine the issue as the best politically possible way to change the system .

things

But today, after the disaster that has befallen a very traditional Labour strategy, things may change .

But for as long as there's an Oxford University, some things will never change .

The more things change , the more they stay the same.

So things have changed , and the change is reflected, as Snow would have wished, in the school curriculum.

He finds things have changed drastically since he graduated in 1974.

In the 1980s, however, things have changed .

You never know. Things change all the time.

times

The groups are struggling to change with the times .

I think I have changed machines more times than my husband has changed cars!

Throughout the first half, the teams trade baskets, with the lead changing ten times .

What acts may be considered usual for a firm of solicitors will change with the times .

This revamping is geared toward helping workers adapt to changing times .

Their design had been changed several times before they were finally erected.

Since the cases drag on for years, the rules can change two or three times in the course of one case.

way

I was hoping that perhaps human beings would change their ways after reading the stories of my life with the Houys.

They are playing appropriately coy, but there are some changes in the way each man approaches the issue.

In fact, there were lots of things she'd like to change about the way she looked, she reflected ruefully.

Those new standards, the product of years of work, will dramatically change the way students are taught in California.

The change was so significant that it actually changed the way people thought about their documents.

The Factory Commission might find them all better jobs, or change the way the mill was run.

The arsenal ship also may change the way the Navy buys warships in the future.

world

But that changed with the Second World War.

But changing the World Series to a neutral site would be a much more fundamental change than any of these.

Man has greatly changed himself as a person in the same period of time by changing the world in which he lives.

All this points to a sea change in the world of computers and cyberspace.

They were determined to change the world .

That was what had changed in the world .

However, there was little doubt that it would happen, and that this revolution will change the world .

The public health infrastructure of this country is poorly prepared for the emerging disease problems of a rapidly changing world .

■ VERB

begin

Perhaps you've finally begun to change , Julius.

But during the seventeenth century this traditional ordering of rank began to change .

Rhythms in old age With increasing age, our daily rhythms begin to change .

By World War I, new technology allowed the introduction of open-pit mining, and the face of Bisbee began changing for ever.

In the second half the work began to change dramatically.

But as we have seen, the way pentecostals explained the meaning of tongue speaking began to change almost immediately.

Ford began changing the way it treated its suppliers in 1980 by rating them for qual ity.

But when she accompanies Diana to the ancient Tower Abbey, she begins to change her mind.

force

The move is not designed to penalise smokers or to force them to change .

Years later, Dong disclosed to me his objective had simply been to force Diem to change .

Quite suddenly, she forced Jacqui to change position.

The recent investigations, revelations, and indictments have forced the industry to change the way it conducted business for 150 years.

Now this has been forced to change .

We must try to understand this, and how quantum theory forces us to change our view of physical reality.

In doing so the literary canon is forced to change .

Hence anticipatory governments have been forced to change the incentives that drive their leaders.

need

Could she claim that he needed changing ?

Just because some fellow employees have gone petty does not mean that you need to change your behavior.

You do not need to start changing your health-related habits until this preparation phase of one or two weeks is complete.

Still others realized that they wanted to do the same kind of work, but needed to change how they did it.

In this country we have a process that desperately needs changing .

She realized that to use effectively the skills she enjoyed she would need to change her role in the school.

From the difficult aspects - perhaps family relationships, money or health - we find out what needs to change .

Things need to change for cowboys.

try

Instead of trying to change old attitudes we can set out to design new ones which are not descendants of the old ones.

So it is that my wife, after more than 30 years of marriage, is trying to change me.

They are trying to change me into one of themselves.

If you are trying to change to a completely different field you should use a functional resume.

You've tried to change everything about her.

Margarett tried to change Shaw, and he tried to change her.

With tight defence budgets, Trinidad is trying to change the law to make use of seized assets a priority.

Margarett tried to change Shaw, and he tried to change her.

want

Something that wants to change me ... something that wants me to change it.

He looks like some one who would make you want to change seats if he sat next to you on a bus.

Mitchell wanted to change the not-for-profit model and move to a more commercial approach.

You have to want to change and also believe that you can change.

The main criticism seems to be that he wanted to change things, forms of service and such like.

He is seen as being from the left of the party and he wants to change that.

In general this only a problem if you want to change leads with a weaker climber.

It now focuses only on schools that want to change .

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

a changed man/woman

Marley said he was sorry for his crimes and insists he's a changed man.

My father came back from the war a changed man.

She returned from her travel a changed woman.

But when he came home he was a changed man.

He's a changed man since Mum went into hospital.

He emerged from the opera house a changed man.

He lives only for the moment, and he is already a changed man.

Ian says from then on Robert has been a changed man - withdrawn and completely unapproachable.

Meanwhile, the master strategist, off in Los Angeles, was sixty-nine years old and a changed man.

a chunk of change

Lurie risked a pretty big chunk of change on the race.

a leopard can't change its spots

change gear

Any cyclist can climb a difficult hill: you just change gear .

Every ten minutes or so she would hear the tortured scream of the transmission and randomly change gears .

Mark's idea of getting her to change gear was to slip on a nurse's uniform.

Russ Armstrong, a Middlesbrough motorcycle dealer, has also changed gear after 18 years of the road racing power game.

They saw Jekub roll backwards, change gear with a roar, and attack the truck again.

Volkov changed gear and increased his speed.

We must now change gear somewhat, and ask what it would take for such relationships to be treated as satisfactory explanations.

You need to be able to move swiftly, changing gears and learning new skills without complaining.

change your mind

But if students actively dislike school, higher standards and better assessments are not going to change their minds .

But why Zeus changed his mind and whether Prometheus revealed the secret when he was freed, we do not know.

Carruthers, I don't know what will happen now, but I have changed my mind .

Good software gives you the power to change your mind .

He knew what he had to do and he got up and did it before he changed his mind .

Pete lifted his knight but changed his mind and put it back on the board.

Schlesinger first thought him wrong for Ratso, but changed his mind when they met in New York.

When he met Lee the next morning at nine, he said he had changed his mind about going back.

loose change

A sharp eyed youngster should have no difficulty in spotting the loose change, that so often litter such areas.

Arnold bought the club out of loose change.

Bunny felt in his pocket, fiddling for loose change.

Carry some loose change to make emergency public telephone calls.

I fished around in my handbag, coming up with some loose change.

Last night his hourly wage, about £8 in loose change was nicked from under his nose by scavenging ragamuffins.

Pockets were emptied of loose change, parcels scanned as if for a malignant tumour and handbags rifled for evidence of evil intent.

She would bring her loose change to Rachaela for translation into fifty-pence pieces and pounds.

move/change/keep up with the times

Motoring: Can R-R keep up with the times ?

The pub has made no attempt to keep up with the times ... no karaoke here ... just conversation.

small change

All this is very small change but very typical of our brother.

Even back then forty-five cents was small change.

For each member of the group, a small change of habit was the first step to an identity of its own.

However, it does result in small changes in the tabulated values of the molar entropies of gases.

Investors holding ninety-day Treasury bills experience very small changes in the value of those bills as interest rates fluctuate.

Such small changes are invaluable in giving themes renewed vitality, while at the same time preserving unity.

Try some of these steps: Make some small changes first.

Very small changes make the biggest difference.

spare change

A spare change of underclothing is desirable for those who value comfort.

Homeless children scrounge for spare change, and newspapers carry ads from people offering their kidneys for cash.

The bottom line: That guy on the street asking for spare change is actually doing you a favor.

vary/change etc from sth to sth

Also, because it is a natural product, its textures may vary from one batch to the next.

Like telephone charges, they can be varied from day to day and between evenings and rush hours.

Only Limavady changed from unionist to nationalist hands, and Magherafelt moved from no overall majority to nationalist control.

Since then virtually every small printer, and most large ones, have changed from metal to film.

The change from flute to piccolo or viceversa occupies only a few seconds.

The duties and powers of deans vary from university to university.

The lower limits of normal for serum uric acid are arbitrarily defined and may vary from one lab to another.

The prices vary from circuit to circuit, but as a rule they range from £30 for a session to £300.

winds of change/freedom/public opinion etc

EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

"Have you got your bathing suit on?" "No, I'll change when we get there."

"The telecommunications industry is changing at lightning speed," said Richard Miller, the company's chief financial officer.

Agriculture must be changed to reduce damage to the environment.

All drivers should really know how to change a flat tire.

Can you change a $10 bill?

Can you change this light bulb for me? I can't reach.

Do you mind waiting while I change my clothes?

Ed went into the bedroom to change out of his work clothes.

Going to college changed him a lot. It made him much more mature.

Going to college really changed my life.

Having a baby changes your life completely, whatever your age.

Her expression did not change , and she answered me calmly.

How does the President plan to change the tax system?

I'll just change my shirt and I'll be with you in a minute.

I'm just going upstairs to change .

I can't believe it's been ten years - you haven't changed at all.

I think the batteries need changing.

I tried to follow him but he kept changing direction.

If the trousers are the wrong size you can always change them.

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

As people in other staff agencies sought to perform differently and better they also improvised, learned, and changed.

But he will change course if the market demands it.

Each has the right to change its status in this respect, subject to relevant agreements and procedures.

It is rugged country whose landscape changes every few kilometers.

The bill requires health insurers to maintain coverage for anybody who changes or loses his job.

This is another area which is changing out of all recognition since closure of the colliery and removal of sidings etc.

What tragedies must occur before he and the Minister of State will change their minds?

You have changed, Joan de Warenne, she thought.

II. noun

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ ADJECTIVE

big

This year too was important for the Range Rover, with the biggest changes since its unveiling.

This is a big change from Cleveland, but more like what I was used to in college.

Perhaps the biggest change of all, though, has been in the City's population.

The biggest change involves 6-5, 315-pound rookie Darrell Russell making his first start.

To summarise therefore, a big change , but a happy one, and a bright future in the Norfolk countryside.

The biggest visible changes will probably be seen in television programming.

The biggest change in the band came when Dee Dee left in 1989 to become, of all things, a rapper.

constitutional

Let us, then, deal with this second aspect of the Labour Party's proposals for constitutional change .

Silvio Berlusconi and a group of Catholic parties want a widely based government to work on constitutional changes .

That is why Liberal Democrats are putting constitutional change at the heart of our election campaign.

Does he rule out any constitutional change ?

This was completely different from any idea of grandiose constitutional changes .

Unfortunately, under present rules, such a constitutional change needs parliament's consent.

This would effectively give the white population a veto on all constitutional changes .

More significantly, Walesa's proposals for constitutional change were withdrawn, after amendments had weakened them.

dramatic

Changes have certainly taken place, often dramatic and painful changes , involving exploitations and deprivations.

The case touches upon decades of tradition in Dubuque, and dramatic changes affecting health care nationwide.

Anyone who has kept track of developments in this field would easily notice a dramatic change in the government's approach.

Then, during the prosperity of the 1950s, a dramatic change took place.

Instead, he left Grobbelaar's critics in no doubt that there will be no dramatic changes in that department tonight.

He added that she couldn't achieve dramatic change alone.

However, even in monolinguals, dramatic changes of persona are quite possible.

True, it has increased 25 percent in the last generation, but this is hardly the dramatic change commonly depicted.

drastic

But now even bigger and more drastic changes are on the horizon.

To hold otherwise would mark a drastic change in our understanding of the Constitution.

This, in effect, would outlaw the inflationary creation of money - a drastic change , if it happens.

Since any small area is exposed to drastic attrition or change , these isolated species are the most frequently endangered.

The present idiotic trends can not go on for ever, and there could soon be drastic changes .

But the emotional impact of drastic life changes can never be wholly sorted out in advance.

If it's a drastic change you're after, take your time and choose a new style carefully.

Unions will disappear entirely or undergo drastic change .

economic

A key concept in understanding such major shifts, and relating them to wider economic change , is uneven development.

The state has become a microcosm of the economic change that has gripped the nation.

The term economic hides the fundamental point that economic change is at the same time social change.

Two further general observations can be made about the view of economic change that is held by Bell and other post-industrial writers.

One is its association with the rather questionable linear model of economic change proposed by Fisher and Clark.

This chapter has brought together many of the negative features of economic change in 1980s Britain.

Perhaps it was unrealistic to expect dramatic economic changes .

fundamental

Bagehot's work continued to be regarded as an authoritative work long after the Constitution had undergone fundamental change .

It is a costly myth, however that organization alignment must precede fundamental change .

The main weakness of these republican reforms was that they threatened fundamental change but didn't fully implement it.

In other words, they are afraid of fundamental change .

With such fundamental changes involved, a business can only be as strong as its weakest link.

Doing so, however meant managing their way through a period of fundamental change .

Six major points require fundamental design changes , perhaps costing as much as £60 million.

In this regard, fundamental changes are required in organizational patterns of scientific and technological activities in the region.

important

Most legal experts believe that few, if any, further important changes affecting company pension schemes are likely to ensue.

There have been two important changes in the recent empirical studies of political participation.

The most important change must be the abandonment of tariffs, and the freeing of international food exchange.

Perhaps the most important change in Netscape Version 2 is its ability to run programs written in the Java programming language.

Some observers suggest that important changes have already occurred.

But the most important change of all needs to take place in public and government attitudes towards mental illness.

We can identify a number of important changes which have occurred: 1.

There is a big demand from social workers for more information about several important benefit changes .

major

Table 17.3 illustrates a number of major changes: 1.

If you are wrong, the outcome could be a positive learning experience instead of a major career change .

But there's been a major change to this familiar scene.

The major changes will be in the food and establishing a more casual, diner-friendly atmosphere.

While it is true that no major changes have been made to the constitution, this is not through want of trying.

An attempt to pass a Republican budget that includes major changes in Medicare may occur again next month.

This does not have to be a major change , but it will be a shift of some kind.

From the 1950s to the 1990s radical changes in teaching styles reflect major changes in social and cultural values.

political

This assumption makes it easier to understand some of the sudden political changes in south-eastern Britain.

He and Bourboulon could work toward the same objective, largely because of political changes then evolving in Paris.

Unemployment was obviously a factor in bringing about both long-term and short-term political changes .

There is substantial political energy inherent in the lower classes, and they are the active agents of major political change .

In large part, Labour was successful because it responded more effectively to political and structural change .

This political sea change coincided with the most dramatic incident to have occurred on the Hinkley Point site since it started operation.

True, they were seeking certain renewed observances, certain reforms and certain political changes .

radical

In the next decade, microcomputers will stimulate radical changes in every part of the educational system.

But sometimes one longs for her to try a radical change in direction.

They need time to digest radical change , otherwise their immediate reaction is negative.

Even a few years earlier, the prospect of radical change in the Roman Catholic Church was virtually unimaginable.

What is more, protein from plants can be cheap and need not involve you in too much radical diet change .

The fortunes of the young are always the most affected by radical economic change .

It is tempting to underestimate the scale and radical nature of changes occurring around us, socially or geographically.

These radical changes , designed to make work more rewarding, were not confined to the tax system.

rapid

However, rapid changes are sweeping the sector and trends remain flexible.

They come into existence after relatively brief periods of rapid change in a small sub-population of a pre-existing species.

This is an important and relatively rapid change .

The key point of contention is how much change is prudent in the military, and how rapid that change should be.

In a world of rapid change they never change.

But in a time of rapid change it is difficult always to separate the two.

Video showing rapid and intensive change , for example, will need frequent reference frames to maintain an intelligible motion sequence.

It is also open-ended, in the sense of being always subject to rapid change due to innovation and importation.

recent

This pattern has not been altered by recent changes in village life.

Many of the recent suggestions for change have sought to whittle down that authority.

Solidarity, quite rightly, sees the recent changes as its victory.

First and foremost, we are intentionally considering a limited subset of the potential causes of recent longer-term climate change .

Or are they reflecting growing disaffection among scientists with recent changes in their profession?

No recent change in status is apparent.

There have been many recent changes in government intervention programmes causing damaging uncertainty.

Which of the many recent changes played the major part in the university disturbances of the early 1860s is unclear.

significant

One very significant change from Morgan we can attribute to Marx.

No significant playing rules changes are in the works.

Those changes essentially relate to a slimming down in the industry itself, but also to significant structural changes.

The most significant and expensive changes are those that go into effect Oct. 1 of this year.

Recent reforms could bring about significant changes in the organisation of the National Health Service and in the delivery of care.

The threat of lawsuits by itself is a major factor in driving up health care costs. Significant changes are definitely needed.

The net result of these antagonistic effects was that no significant change in soluble calcium was observed.

During adulthood significant changes in sleep occur.

small

For each member of the group, a small change of habit was the first step to an identity of its own.

But it does permit small changes to take place and accumulate from one generation to the next.

All this is very small change but very typical of our brother.

Even back then forty-five cents was small change .

You're talking about small financial change across Oxfordshire.

But such gestures are small change .

Some small changes could well assist the introduction of electric vehicles to the market.

Investors holding ninety-day Treasury bills experience very small changes in the value of those bills as interest rates fluctuate.

social

Such periods will often be found to correspond with times of particularly stressful social change for the individual.

Instead, it will be a vehicle for gradual, quiet yet profound social change .

The transformation in earlier health patterns brought about by social and medical change is obvious, and can be expected to continue.

Historians study social change and they focus on particular events for their data.

Rapid social change sweeps away centuries-old ways of doing things, creating stress and insecurity.

In spite of victory, Britain's participation in two world wars accelerated social changes , altering both social attitudes and power relations.

There are always two tasks for professionals involved in social change: to change society for the better and to change attitudes.

Further impending changes in government legislation may make the pressure experienced during the social security changes seem almost normal.

structural

These proposals for major structural changes had considerable appeal.

But incremental changes for women, important as they are to individuals, are not structural changes.

Those changes essentially relate to a slimming down in the industry itself, but also to significant structural changes.

Then, structural changes should be made.

In large part, Labour was successful because it responded more effectively to political and structural change .

This could have provided opportunities for structural change and review.

This is the primary reason why it has proved so hard to achieve structural change in many areas.

sudden

Depression is sometimes brought on by a sudden change in one's life, such as coming into a Home.

A sudden change in water temperature can also be lethal.

What they hadn't bargained for was a sudden and dramatic change in the weather.

Saigon had always gone through sudden changes of mood, and this was simply one of those changes.

A smaller organisation might be prone to sudden policy changes or changes of product when a new management team takes over.

But a sudden change came over the spirit of his dreams.

If water is alternately sunlit and shaded, sudden changes take place.

technological

The nineteenth century was a period of extensive technological and social change , characterised by faith in progress and ` Modernity.

The loss was caused by technological change and the amplifying feedback loop of responses to that change.

We will follow the process of search, formulation and implementation of technological change .

But aside from such trifling accomplishments, the superhero is also symbolic of an era of remarkable technological change .

But improved communications, technological change , and increased demand led to concentration of food production in fewer and greater units.

The computer appears to make work more efficient; technological change seems to be enhancing worker productivity at an unprecedented pace.

In addition, she emphasises the broader historical context of political, technological and cultural change within which photography developed.

The pace of technological change is quickening.

■ NOUN

climate

But even if that could be achieved, it would not halt climate change .

Unfortunately, climate records do not go back far enough to be very useful toward understanding climate change .

As Jubilee 2000 draws to a close next month, climate change has been mooted as a possible successor issue.

Yet, in a cruel paradox, it is the world's poorest countries that stand to suffer most from climate change .

However, the uncertainties concerning the extent of climate change and the implications at local level allow political procrastination.

The iniquitous climate change levy continues to be a real issue.

The survey was carried out against a background of growing concern as to the implications of climate change on sea level rise.

The projections build in the ability of farmers to adapt to climate change by changing crops and farming methods.

name

It eased p to 34p on the news with investors also awaiting confirmation of a planned name change to Signet.

City officials were hoping the name change would help curb the prostitution which festered in the area during the 1970s.

After that date any name changes will incur an Amendment Fee - see page 11.

There have been a lot of name changes in retailing lately, he noted.

The former Teesside Polytechnic celebrated its name change by releasing hundreds of balloons into the sky above Middlesbrough.

Hansen says the name change will bring new life to the ballpark.

Another name change came in 1973, to Health and Social Service Journal.

An industry insider said the name change was likely to take place at the end of March.

■ VERB

bring

Even if they do not cut effective costs, they will bring about changes in patterns of demand for services.

It was arguably one of those times, rare in recent years, that a California law helped bring change nationwide.

Step 11 Draw up and then implement your plan for bringing about change .

He had it explained to him, and was told only that the death of Robespierre had brought a considerable change .

This time however government attempts to bring about change have been more determined and enduring.

There are many ways in which parenthood can bring change , Schoen says.

What has brought about the change in Mr Gorbachev?

For many, the shift brought dramatic changes .

cause

Efforts are best directed towards ensuring correct use rather than suffering the disruption caused by frequent change .

We can predict an increase in equilibrium price greater than that caused by either change taken separately.

The information systems project will cause changes to the roles of employees and in working relationships.

Small things cause great changes in fragile lives.

All the changes are autonomous in the sense that they are not themselves caused by changes in income or interest rates.

A change in operating personnel should not cause any change in quality control values. 67.

At a chemical level this is untrue, because different chemical agents cause different kinds of change .

Typically a woman experiences either postpartum blues, caused by hormonal changes , or postpartum depression, caused by a chemical imbalance.

force

Kim has managed to exploit the barrage of pressure from abroad to force through changes .

Such language suggests that the riots were less about forcing material change than about making symbolic gestures.

Town are forced to make a change .

Injuries to the left side could force changes against the Saints.

High-profile action is the quickest way to force change .

Hanes and Sparta managers and supervisors had been trying to force change from the outside.

But for the majority of teachers, the converse is true and changes in assessment are forcing changes in the curriculum.

This fact alone would force many changes in our schools.

lead

Propensity to take an unfair advantage of available opportunities by those who lead the change .

Bob eventually took a different union assignment that would allow him to spend the time needed to lead change with John.

This is likely to lead to radical changes in the committee's procedures, which could be implemented next year.

It could lead to changes in the way biologists monitor the species, as well as efforts to boost the dwindling population.

The clinical and research developments which have led to changes in the official policy will now be described.

From an outside viewpoint, the therapy led to few changes .

Even so we do not expect such spells to lead to permanent changes in our lifestyle.

My own nomination for leading cause is the change in the nature of work.

make

It must be designed to constitute an essential component of those forces making for positive change in our country.

To make these changes , you must have a copy of your printer manual, and you must be cautious.

Hadleigh are forced to make several positional changes with players out through injury and the international at Twickenham.

And so far, no one had taken personal responsibility for making change happen.

Some people, therefore, need make no changes to their pension arrangements.

It was time to make a major change of plan.

Midlands have also made a late change .

All things considered, it seemed like the wrong time in my life to risk making yet another major change .

occur

A similar change is occurring in and out of Britain.

If one talks to Quebecers it is clear that a profound change in attitudes has occurred .

Registered images are used to assess the degree of change that has occurred during the time-period represented by the two images.

It is not necessary for changes to occur in each of the three areas to consider a significant response as having occurred.

The principles of learning theory provide a prima-facie explanation of the linguistic changes which occur during childhood.

Our study describes for the first time the secretory and circulatory changes occurring with the progression of pancreatitis induced by caerulein infusion.

In well ventilated theatres it is unlikely that any colour change will occur unless accidental spillage should take place.

Nevertheless changes must have occurred even in this route, for, during the fourth century, it was partly built over.

undergo

The human species has probably not undergone much genetic change in recorded time.

A human being can undergo only so many changes and take in only so many experiences.

The exterior decorations on the synthetic white-stone face underwent repeated changes .

When proteins are denatured, they undergo a change in their tertiary structure.

The ships of these fleets had also undergone a radical change .

Both the computer and financial services industries were undergoing rapid change .

All living organisms age, undergoing certain physiological changes as they do so.

Of course, Horcher, a freshman with less than six months of service, would undergo a change of his own.

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

a changed man/woman

Marley said he was sorry for his crimes and insists he's a changed man.

My father came back from the war a changed man.

She returned from her travel a changed woman.

But when he came home he was a changed man.

He's a changed man since Mum went into hospital.

He emerged from the opera house a changed man.

He lives only for the moment, and he is already a changed man.

Ian says from then on Robert has been a changed man - withdrawn and completely unapproachable.

Meanwhile, the master strategist, off in Los Angeles, was sixty-nine years old and a changed man.

a chunk of change

Lurie risked a pretty big chunk of change on the race.

a leopard can't change its spots

change gear

Any cyclist can climb a difficult hill: you just change gear .

Every ten minutes or so she would hear the tortured scream of the transmission and randomly change gears .

Mark's idea of getting her to change gear was to slip on a nurse's uniform.

Russ Armstrong, a Middlesbrough motorcycle dealer, has also changed gear after 18 years of the road racing power game.

They saw Jekub roll backwards, change gear with a roar, and attack the truck again.

Volkov changed gear and increased his speed.

We must now change gear somewhat, and ask what it would take for such relationships to be treated as satisfactory explanations.

You need to be able to move swiftly, changing gears and learning new skills without complaining.

change your mind

But if students actively dislike school, higher standards and better assessments are not going to change their minds .

But why Zeus changed his mind and whether Prometheus revealed the secret when he was freed, we do not know.

Carruthers, I don't know what will happen now, but I have changed my mind .

Good software gives you the power to change your mind .

He knew what he had to do and he got up and did it before he changed his mind .

Pete lifted his knight but changed his mind and put it back on the board.

Schlesinger first thought him wrong for Ratso, but changed his mind when they met in New York.

When he met Lee the next morning at nine, he said he had changed his mind about going back.

chop and change

Don't chop and change from one style to another. It confuses the reader.

I wish they wouldn't keep chopping and changing. There's a different team on the field every week.

I was still chopping and changing lyrics and order of jokes.

In other words, subordinates are unsettled by a boss who chops and changes between autocracy, persuasion, consultation and democracy.

In the past century the institutions and the external stimuli affecting the relation between finance and industry have been chopped and changed.

So you won't have to chop and change your chops to make sure they're done evenly.

loose change

A sharp eyed youngster should have no difficulty in spotting the loose change, that so often litter such areas.

Arnold bought the club out of loose change.

Bunny felt in his pocket, fiddling for loose change.

Carry some loose change to make emergency public telephone calls.

I fished around in my handbag, coming up with some loose change.

Last night his hourly wage, about £8 in loose change was nicked from under his nose by scavenging ragamuffins.

Pockets were emptied of loose change, parcels scanned as if for a malignant tumour and handbags rifled for evidence of evil intent.

She would bring her loose change to Rachaela for translation into fifty-pence pieces and pounds.

move/change/keep up with the times

Motoring: Can R-R keep up with the times ?

The pub has made no attempt to keep up with the times ... no karaoke here ... just conversation.

ring the changes

It's a stunning dress but it's meant for a woman with lots of clothes to ring the changes.

Slicked scrunched or back-combed, you can ring the changes with these inspiring styles.

That's because we haven't published it yet ... Yep, it's time to ring the changes.

The owners of this modern kitchen preferred a wood appearance and so they rang the changes.

To ring the changes, hair was sprayed at the roots and lightly backcombed for an alternative look.

To ring the changes, try orange or lime-flavoured jellies for the cheesecake.

With a good group ring the changes - try for different effects with new faces at the front.

You should choose a variety of foods and ring the changes with meals.

small change

All this is very small change but very typical of our brother.

Even back then forty-five cents was small change.

For each member of the group, a small change of habit was the first step to an identity of its own.

However, it does result in small changes in the tabulated values of the molar entropies of gases.

Investors holding ninety-day Treasury bills experience very small changes in the value of those bills as interest rates fluctuate.

Such small changes are invaluable in giving themes renewed vitality, while at the same time preserving unity.

Try some of these steps: Make some small changes first.

Very small changes make the biggest difference.

spare change

A spare change of underclothing is desirable for those who value comfort.

Homeless children scrounge for spare change, and newspapers carry ads from people offering their kidneys for cash.

The bottom line: That guy on the street asking for spare change is actually doing you a favor.

vary/change etc from sth to sth

Also, because it is a natural product, its textures may vary from one batch to the next.

Like telephone charges, they can be varied from day to day and between evenings and rush hours.

Only Limavady changed from unionist to nationalist hands, and Magherafelt moved from no overall majority to nationalist control.

Since then virtually every small printer, and most large ones, have changed from metal to film.

The change from flute to piccolo or viceversa occupies only a few seconds.

The duties and powers of deans vary from university to university.

The lower limits of normal for serum uric acid are arbitrarily defined and may vary from one lab to another.

The prices vary from circuit to circuit, but as a rule they range from £30 for a session to £300.

winds of change/freedom/public opinion etc

EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

1989 was a year of great political change in eastern Europe.

A lot of people are frightened of change .

After a number of career changes, she settled into a job with a major bank.

Does anyone have change for a five dollar bill?

Excuse me, I think you've given me the wrong change .

For most ordinary workers, the new tax laws represent a change for the worse.

French people were asked how they felt about the change from the franc to the Euro.

He hates all changes to his routine.

Here is your change , sir.

House plants are often sensitive to changes in temperature.

I've got £20 and a bit of loose change as well.

I've got a £10 note and about £5 in change .

I can't get used to all these changes.

I hope you've got some change for the bus, because I haven't.

If you are thinking about a change to a different part of the country you will need to use your vacation to look for accommodation.

Labor Secretary Lynn Martin recommended major changes in the management operations of the company.

Many people find it hard to accept change .

The computers will record any changes to the system.

The delay was the result of a change in the way that we administer the grants.

The police must be notified of any change of address.

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

I expect to see major changes until it is ten years old.

Some changes have already been introduced into schools.

The movie pivots on not one but two such changes, and the result is exhaustingly cathartic, ultimately uplifting.

These spectacles are in fact subject to relentless change .

Two events occurred that ensured, for the time being at least, no such a change in Congressional attitudes would occur.

Volatility increased, and the extent as well as the direction of change became less predictable.

Longman DOCE5 Extras English vocabulary.      Дополнительный английский словарь Longman DOCE5.