Meaning of UP in English

UP

I. adverb

COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES

a band strikes up (= starts playing )

We were on the dance floor waiting for the band to strike up.

a car pulls up (= stops )

Why’s that police car pulling up here?

a child grows up

One in four children is growing up in poverty.

a coalition collapses/breaks up

Austria's ruling government coalition collapsed.

a computer is up (= is working again after stopping working )

a computer starts up/boots up

My computer takes ages to start up in the morning.

a computer starts up/boots up

My computer takes ages to start up in the morning.

a crowd disperses/breaks up (= goes away in different directions )

Seeing there would be no more entertainment, the crowd began to disperse.

a group splits up (= the members decide not to play together anymore )

The group split up because of ‘musical differences’.

a legend grew (up) (= developed over time )

The legend of his bravery grew after he killed the dragon.

a level rises/goes up/increases

The level of unemployment has increased.

a marriage breaks down/up (= ends because of disagreements )

Liz’s marriage broke up after only eight months.

a myth grows up (= starts )

A number of myths have grown up about their relationship.

a number increases/goes up/grows/rises

The number of mobile phones has increased dramatically.

a party breaks up (= it ends and people go home )

The party broke up a little after midnight.

a price goes up/rises/increases

When supplies go down, prices tend to go up.

a price shoots up/soars/rockets (= increases quickly by a large amount )

The price of oil soared in the 1970s.

a river dries up

Further downstream the river has dried up completely several times in recent years.

a storm blows up (= starts )

That night, a storm blew up.

a storm blows up (= starts )

In 1895 a diplomatic storm blew up between Britain and America over Venezuela.

a subject comes up (= people start talking about it )

The subject of payment never came up.

a vacancy comes up ( also a vacancy arises/occurs formal ) (= there is a vacancy )

A vacancy has arisen on the committee.

abandon/give up an attempt

They had to abandon their attempt to climb the mountain.

abandon/give up your plans

The city authorities have abandoned their plans to host the Super Bowl.

abandon/give up/drop a pretence (= stop pretending that you are doing something or that something is true )

Maria had abandoned any pretence of having faith of any kind long ago.

add sth up on a calculator

I added the cost up on a calculator.

add up numbers (= add several numbers together )

Write all the numbers down, then add them up.

add up the figures

I must have made a mistake when I added up the figures.

an infection clears up (= goes away )

Although the infection cleared up, he still felt weak.

an issue comes up ( also an issue arises formal ) (= people started to discuss it )

The issue arose during a meeting of the Budget Committee.

an opportunity comes (along/up)

We had outgrown our house when the opportunity came up to buy one with more land.

appoint/set up/form a committee

The council appointed a special committee to study the issue.

back up a claim (= support it )

They challenged him to back up his claims with evidence.

bang up to date

The technology is bang up to date .

be doubled up/over with laughter/pain etc

Both the girls were doubled up with laughter.

be fired (up) with enthusiasm (= be very enthusiastic and keen to do something )

She came back from the course fired up with enthusiasm.

be stuck/caught/held up in traffic

Sorry I’m late – I was stuck in traffic.

be up to mischief (= be doing things that cause trouble or damage )

The children were lively and always up to mischief.

be/come up to standard (= be good enough )

Her work was not up to standard.

beered up

bevvied up

We’re all going out to get bevvied up .

blow up

Can you help me blow up these balloons?

blow up...balloon

Can you blow up this balloon ?

blow...tyres up

We’ll blow the tyres up .

bobbed...up and down

The boat bobbed gently up and down on the water.

bouncing up and down

Stop bouncing up and down on the sofa.

break up a demonstration (= prevent it from continuing )

Police moved in to break up the demonstration.

bring up a child especially BrE , raise a child especially AmE

The cost of bringing up a child has risen rapidly.

bring up/raise a subject (= deliberately start talking about it )

You brought the subject up, not me.

bring/get sth up to scratch

We spent thousands of pounds getting the house up to scratch.

bring...up to snuff

A lot of money was spent to bring the building up to snuff .

build up a collection

He gradually built up a collection of plants from all over the world.

build (up) a picture of sb/sth (= form a clear idea about someone or something )

We’re trying to build up a picture of what happened.

build (up) an empire

She built her clothing empire from one small shop to an international chain.

build up sb’s confidence (= gradually increase it )

When you’ve had an accident, it takes a while to build up your confidence again.

build (up) support (= increase it )

Now he needs to build his support by explaining what he believes in.

build up to a climax

The music was getting louder and building up to a climax.

build up your strength (= make yourself stronger )

You need to build up your strength.

build (up)/develop a business

He spent years trying to build a business in Antigua.

build up/establish a circle

Michael built up a wide circle of customers and friends worldwide.

build up/form a picture (= gradually get an idea of what something is like )

Detectives are still trying to build up a picture of what happened.

building up...stock

The country has been building up its stock of weapons.

burn (up/off) calories (= use up the calories you have eaten )

Even walking will help you to burn up calories.

catch up on some sleep (= sleep after not having enough sleep )

I suggest you try and catch up on some sleep.

catch up on some sleep (= after a period without enough sleep )

I need to catch up on some sleep .

catching up

I’ll leave you two alone – I’m sure you’ve got a lot of catching up to do.

cheer went up

A great cheer went up from the crowd.

clean up the environment

It’s about time that we started cleaning up the environment.

clean up your image (= improve your image after it has been damaged )

The pop star promised to clean up his image after he was released from prison.

cleaned up...image

It’s high time British soccer cleaned up its image .

clear up the confusion (= explain something more clearly )

The chairman said that he would try to clear up the confusion.

clear up/correct a misunderstanding (= get rid of a misunderstanding )

I want to talk to you, to try and clear up any misunderstandings.

clear/clean up the mess

Whoever is responsible for this mess can clear it up immediately!

climb (up/down) a ladder

He climbed the ladder up to the diving platform.

climbing up the greasy pole

a politician climbing up the greasy pole

come up for review (= be reviewed after a particular period of time has ended )

His contract is coming up for review.

come up to expectations

The resort certainly failed to come up to expectations .

come up to/live up to sb's expectations (= be as good as someone hoped or expected )

The match was boring, and didn't live up to our expectations at all.

come up to/live up to sb's expectations (= be as good as someone hoped or expected )

The match was boring, and didn't live up to our expectations at all.

come up with a design (= think of or suggest one )

We asked the architect to come up with another design.

come up with a plan (= think of a plan )

The chairman must come up with a plan to get the club back on its feet.

come up with a proposal (= think of one )

The sales staff came up with an innovative proposal.

come up with a suggestion (= think of something to suggest )

We’ve come up with five suggestions.

come up with an answer (= find a way of dealing with a problem )

The government is struggling to come up with answers to our economic problems.

come up with an idea (= think of an idea )

He’s always coming up with interesting ideas.

come up with/develop a theory

These birds helped Darwin develop his theory of natural selection.

come up/down a ladder

Dickson came up the ladder from the engine room.

comes up for renewal

Mark’s contract comes up for renewal at the end of this year.

conjure up images/pictures/thoughts etc (of sth)

Dieting always seems to conjure up images of endless salads.

consumption rises/increases/goes up

Consumption of unleaded fuel rose by 17% in 1992.

cooped up

It isn’t good for you to be cooped up in the house all day.

cranked up...volume

We cranked up the volume .

creep (up) to sb

I’m not the kind of person to creep to anybody.

cut up

He was very cut up about Stephen dying.

devise/formulate/draw up a plan (= make a detailed plan, especially after considering something carefully )

He devised a daring plan to steal two million dollars.

The company has already drawn up plans to develop the site.

disperse/break up a crowd (= make a crowd go away in different directions )

A few warning shots were fired in an attempt to disperse the crowd.

do up a button (= fasten it )

He quickly did up the buttons on his shirt.

do up a house informal (= decorate it )

We’ve been doing up the house bit by bit since we first moved in.

do up/undo a zip

Your zip’s undone at the back.

draw up a budget (= plan of how to spend the money that is available )

Each year business managers draw up a budget.

draw up a constitution (= set of laws and principles that govern a country )

The first Czech constitution was drawn up here in 1920.

draw up a contract (= write one )

The two sides drew up a contract.

draw up a contract/agreement

Some people draw up a contract when they get married.

draw up a list

They drew up a list of suitable candidates for the job.

draw up a petition (= prepare one )

They are drawing up a petition which will be presented to the Archbishop.

draw up a plan/scheme

Local authorities have drawn up new plans for waste disposal.

draw up a programme

A small team has drawn up a programme of action.

draw up a proposal

A committee of experts drew up proposals for a constitution.

draw up a proposal

The European Communities were drawing up proposals to control the export of chemicals.

draw up a report

Environmental organizations have been involved in drawing up the report.

draw up a timetable/schedule

They haven’t yet drawn up a timetable for the elections.

draw up guidelines

A committee of teachers has drawn up guidelines for schools on how to deal with difficult students.

draw up/compile a shortlist

The panel will draw up a shortlist of candidates.

draw up/draft a constitution (= write one )

The American constitution was drafted in 1787.

draw up/issue guidelines

The hospital has issued new guidelines on the treatment of mentally ill patients.

draw up/lay down a code (= create one )

The syndicate decided to draw up a code of conduct for its members.

draw up/produce a checklist (= make one )

Why not draw up a checklist of things you want to achieve this year?

drew up alongside

A car drew up alongside .

drive sb up the wall/round the bend/out of their mind spoken informal (= make someone feel very annoyed )

That voice of hers drives me up the wall.

driving...up the wall (= making me annoyed )

That noise is driving me up the wall .

drum up business (= get more work and sales )

The organization is using the event to drum up business .

drum up/rally support (= get people’s support by making an effort )

Both sides have been drumming up support through the internet.

drumming up support

He travelled throughout Latin America drumming up support for the confederation.

end up in the poorhouse

If Jimmy keeps spending like this, he’s going to end up in the poorhouse .

erect/build/put up barriers

Some kids have erected emotional barriers that stop them from learning.

establish/build up/develop (a) rapport

He built up a good rapport with the children.

establish/form/set up a council

A National Radio and Television Council was established to regulate the market.

events lead (up) to sth (= cause something )

His assassination was one of the events that led to the First World War.

eyes filled up with tears

Her eyes filled up with tears .

fed up

She felt tired and a bit fed up.

fill (a vehicle) up with petrol

She stopped to fill up with petrol.

fill up with fuel (= put fuel in a vehicle's fuel tank )

Before leaving, I filled up with fuel at the local petrol station.

find/come up with a solution

We are working together to find the best solution we can.

find/think of/come up with an explanation

Scientists have been unable to find an explanation for this phenomenon.

foot the bill/pick up the bill (= pay for something, especially when you do not want to )

Taxpayers will probably have to foot the bill.

force prices/interest rates etc down/up

The effect will be to increase unemployment and force down wages.

from the waist up/down (= in the top or bottom half of your body )

Lota was paralysed from the waist down.

fucked up

After three years with Johnny, I was completely fucked up.

fuel inflation/push up inflation (= make inflation worse )

The increase in food prices is fuelling inflation.

There are now fears that price rises will push up inflation.

full (up) to bursting British English informal (= completely full )

The filing cabinet was full to bursting.

further/higher up a scale

Peasants managed their land as skilfully as some people higher up the social scale.

gain/gather/build up momentum (= become more and more successful )

The show gathered momentum over the next few months and became a huge hit.

gain/gather/pick up speed (= go faster )

The Mercedes was gradually picking up speed.

gave it up as a bad job (= stopped trying because success seemed unlikely )

The ground was too hard to dig so I gave it up as a bad job .

get bevvied up

We’re all going out to get bevvied up .

get het up

Mike tends to get het up about silly things.

get into/up to mischief ( also make mischief ) (= do things that cause trouble or damage )

You spend too much time getting into mischief!

get up from your chair ( also rise from your chair formal )

He got up from his chair and walked to the window.

get up from your desk

He got up from his desk to welcome the visitors.

get up from/leave the table

She stood up from her chair and left the table.

get up/wake up/be up early

Set the alarm for six – I have to be up early tomorrow.

get up/wake up/be up early

Set the alarm for six – I have to be up early tomorrow.

get up/wake up/be up early

Set the alarm for six – I have to be up early tomorrow.

get...muddled up

Spanish and Italian are very similar and I sometimes get them muddled up .

getting cleaned up

Dad’s upstairs getting cleaned up .

get...worked up

You shouldn’t get so worked up about it.

give up...easily

You shouldn’t give up so easily .

given the thumbs up

The project was finally given the thumbs up .

go up by 10%/250/£900 etc

Unemployment in the country has gone up by a million.

go up the wall British English

I’ve got to be on time or Sarah will go up the wall.

go up/come down in sb’s estimation (= be respected or admired more or less by someone )

go up/down a ladder

Be careful going down the ladder!

gone up the spout

My plans for the weekend seem to have gone up the spout .

got clogged up

Over many years, the pipes had got clogged up with grease.

got fed up

Anna got fed up with waiting.

got...lined up

He’s already got a new job lined up .

got...mixed up

I must have got the times mixed up .

got...mixed up

My papers got all mixed up .

got...muddled up

Could you just repeat those figures – I’ve got a bit muddled up .

go/walk up a mountain ( also ascend a mountain formal )

Carrie and Albert went up the mountain, neither of them speaking as they climbed.

grow up in poverty

No child should grow up in poverty in America in the 21st century.

hang out/up the laundry (= put the laundry outside on a line to dry )

My mother was hanging out the laundry in the sun.

hard up

I’m a bit hard up at the moment.

held up as a model

The school is held up as a model for others.

held up to ridicule (= suffered ridicule )

The government’s proposals were held up to ridicule by opposition ministers.

het up

Mike tends to get het up about silly things.

High up

High up among the clouds, we saw the summit of Everest.

high up (= in a powerful position )

someone high up in the CIA

hold sb up as an example (= use someone as a good example of something )

He was held up as an example to the younger athletes.

hyped up

increase/push up the cost

The new tax will increase the cost of owning a car.

increase/rise/go up in value

The dollar has been steadily increasing in value.

jump up from your chair (= get up quickly )

‘Look at the time!’ she cried, jumping up from her chair.

jumping up and down (= jumping repeatedly )

Fans were jumping up and down and cheering.

keep sb’s spirits up (= keep them feeling happy )

He wrote home often, trying to keep his family’s spirits up.

keep up a commentary (= give one continuously )

Attenborough kept up a running commentary on the animals' movements.

keep up the good work! (= continue to work hard and well )

keep up the pace (= continue to do something or happen as quickly as before )

China's society is transforming but can it keep up the pace?

keep up with demand ( also keep pace with demand ) (= satisfy the demand )

Public funding for higher education has not kept up with demand.

keep up with fashion (= make sure that you know about the most recent fashions )

Lucy likes to keep up with the latest fashions.

keep up with the Joneses (= try to have the same new impressive possessions that other people have )

keep up with the pace (= do something as fast as something else is happening or being done )

It's essential that we constantly update our skills and keep up with the pace of change.

keep up/maintain a pretence (= keep pretending that you are doing something or that something is true )

She kept up the pretence that her husband had died in order to claim the insurance money.

keep up/maintain morale (= keep morale high )

It was becoming difficult to keep up the morale of the troops.

keyed up

Travis was keyed up at the thought of seeing Rosie again.

kiss and make up

Oh come on! Why don’t you just kiss and make up ?

launch/set up an inquiry (= start it )

Police launched an inquiry yesterday after a man was killed by a patrol car.

lightning lights (up) sth

Lightning lit up the room briefly.

live up to its reputation (= be as good as people say it is )

New York certainly lived up to its reputation as an exciting city.

live up to your image (= be like the image you have presented of yourself )

He has certainly lived up to his wild rock-star image.

lived up to...expectations

The film has certainly lived up to my expectations .

look sth up in a dictionary

If you don’t understand the meaning of a word, look it up in a dictionary.

look up a word (= try to find it in a book )

I looked the word up in my dictionary.

look up at the stars

I had spent a lot of time looking up at the stars as a kid.

loose ends...tied up (= dealt with or completed )

We’ve nearly finished, but there are still a few loose ends to be tied up .

lose/give up/abandon hope (= stop hoping )

After so long without any word from David, Margaret was starting to lose hope.

made up a foursome

Jim and Tina made up a foursome with Jean and Bruce.

make up a prescription ( also fill a prescription American English ) (= give a patient the drugs that a doctor says they need )

You can get the prescription made up at a chemist's.

make up the difference

The company will be forced to pay $6 million to make up the difference .

make up/invent a story

She confessed to making up the story of being abducted.

make up/think up/invent an excuse

I made up some excuse about my car breaking down.

We’d better think up an excuse, fast.

make up/think up/invent an excuse

I made up some excuse about my car breaking down.

We’d better think up an excuse, fast.

make/draw up/write a list

Could you make a list of any supplies we need?

make...own mind up

You’re old enough to make your own mind up about smoking.

make...up as...go along (= think of things to say as I am speaking )

I’ve given talks so many times that now I just make them up as I go along .

making...up as...went along

He was making the story up as he went along.

meet up for a chat

Sometimes we go to the cinema or just meet up for a chat.

meet/keep up the payments (on sth) (= be able to make regular payments )

He was having trouble meeting the interest payments.

meet/live up to your ideals (= be as good as you think something should be )

The regime is not living up to its supposed democratic ideals.

messed up

mind is made up

No more argument. My mind is made up.

mixed up

He’s the last person I’d expect to be mixed up in something like this.

more than make up for

The good days more than make up for the bad ones.

move up/down a scale

Some farmers prospered and moved up the social scale.

moved up in the world (= got a better job or social position )

He’s moved up in the world in the last few years, and his new flat shows it.

moving up the ladder (= getting higher and higher positions )

He was moving up the ladder , getting experience of command.

muster (up) the courage/confidence/energy etc to do sth

Finally I mustered up the courage to ask her out.

next size up (= a slightly bigger size )

Do they have the next size up ?

nominate/put up a candidate (= put forward a candidate )

Any member may nominate a candidate.

not giving up my day job

I’d love to be a professional writer, but I’m not giving up my day job just yet.

not stand up to scrutiny/not bear scrutiny (= be found to have faults when examined )

Such arguments do not stand up to careful scrutiny.

notch up a win (= achieve a win )

Escude has now notched up three consecutive wins over him.

notched up...win

The Houston Astros have notched up another win .

open up a possibility (= make a new opportunity available )

His recent performance opens up the possibility for him to compete in the Olympic Games.

open up new vistas

Exchange programs open up new vistas for students.

opening up

the opening up of opportunities for women

pacing...up and down

I found Mark at the hospital, pacing restlessly up and down .

pass up a chance/opportunity/offer

I don’t think you should pass up the opportunity to go to university.

past catches up with

At the end of the movie his murky past catches up with him.

patch it/things up (with sb)

He went back to patch things up with his wife.

patch up a quarrel British English (= end it )

The brothers eventually patched up their quarrel.

patch up...differences

Try to patch up your differences before he leaves.

pick up a bug (= catch one )

He seems to pick up every bug going.

pick up a tip

If you listen to the show, you’ll pick up some really useful gardening tips.

pick up an accent

During his stay in England, he had picked up an English accent.

pick up the telephone

As soon as she got home, she picked up the telephone and dialled his number.

pick up where...left off

We’ll meet again in the morning and we can pick up where we left off .

pick up/lift the receiver

She picked up the receiver and dialled his number.

pick up/scoop up an award (= to get an award – used especially in news reports )

Angelina Jolie scooped up the award for best actress.

pick up/scoop up an award (= to get an award – used especially in news reports )

Angelina Jolie scooped up the award for best actress.

pick up/snap up a bargain (= find one )

You can often pick up a bargain at an auction.

pick up/snap up a bargain (= find one )

You can often pick up a bargain at an auction.

picked up...tracks

We picked up their tracks again on the other side of the river.

pluck up/screw up the courage to do sth (= try to find it )

He was trying to pluck up the courage to end their relationship.

pluck up/screw up the courage to do sth (= try to find it )

He was trying to pluck up the courage to end their relationship.

profits are up/down

Pre-tax profits were up 21.5%.

provide/present/open up an opportunity

The course also provides an opportunity to study Japanese.

puffed up

I was so puffed up with my own importance in those days.

pull/draw up a chair (= move a chair nearer someone or something )

Pull up a chair and look at these pictures.

put in/up a (good/bad etc) performance

Liverpool put in a marvellous performance in the second half.

put sth up for auction (= try to sell something at an auction )

This week 14 of his paintings were put up for auction.

put up a building ( also erect a building formal )

They keep pulling down the old buildings and putting up new ones.

put up a house (= build a house, especially when it seems very quick )

I think they’ve ruined the village by putting up these new houses.

put up a statue ( also erect a statue formal ) (= put it in a public place )

They put up a statue of him in the main square.

They should erect a statue to you for doing that.

put up resistance (= resist someone or something )

If the rest of us are agreed, I don’t think he’ll put up much resistance.

put up...as collateral

We put up our home as collateral in order to raise the money to invest in the scheme.

put up/hang curtains (= fix new curtains at a window )

She was standing on a ladder hanging some new curtains.

put up/increase/raise a price

Manufacturers have had to put their prices up.

put up...umbrella

It started to rain, so Tricia stopped to put up her umbrella .

put...hood up

Why don’t you put your hood up if you’re cold?

putting up posters

A team of volunteers were putting up posters .

put...up for adoption

She decided to put the baby up for adoption .

raise an issue/bring up an issue (= say an issue should be discussed )

Some important issues were raised at the meeting.

raise/bring up a topic (= start talking about it )

It’s still a very difficult topic to raise.

raise/build (up)/boost sb’s self-esteem

Playing a sport can boost a girl’s self-esteem.

students’ sense of self-esteem

raise/put up the rate

If the banks raise interest rates, this will reduce the demand for credit.

ran up a...tab

He ran up a $4000 tab in long-distance calls.

receive/pick up a signal

The antenna that will pick up the signals is a 12-metre dish.

rev (up) an engine British English , gun an engine American English (= make an engine go very fast )

As the lights turned green, Chris gunned the engine and we surged forward.

riled up

That class gets me so riled up .

roll up/down a window (= open or shut the window in a car )

Lucy rolled the window down and waved to him.

run up a bill (= use a lot of something so that you have a big bill to pay )

It’s easy to run up a big bill on your mobile phone.

run up debts ( also amass debts formal ) (= borrow more and more money )

At that time he was drinking a lot and running up debts.

sales increase/rise/grow/go up

Sales rose by 9% last year.

save up money

She had saved up enough money to buy a car.

sb's eyes light up (= become excited )

His eyes lit up when I mentioned the word money.

sb’s face lights up/brightens (= they start to look happy )

Denise’s face lit up when she heard the news.

sb’s income rises/increases/goes up

They saw their income rise considerably over the next few years.

screwed up

set up a camera (= make a camera ready to use )

The team set up their cameras some distance from the animals.

set up a project (= organize it )

$30 million would be required to set up the project.

set up camp (= put up your tents and arrange the camping place )

The soldiers set up camp outside the city.

set up roadblocks

The police have set up roadblocks to try and catch the two men.

set up/establish a fund

They have set up a fund to build a memorial to all those who died.

set up/establish a working group (to do sth)

The commission has set up a special working group to look at the problem.

set up/establish/create a commission

They set up a commission to investigate the problem of youth crime.

set up/establish/create a zone

The government intends to set up an enterprise zone in the region.

set up/start up in business

The bank gave me a loan to help me set up in business.

set up/start up in business

The bank gave me a loan to help me set up in business.

set up/start/form a company

Two years later he started his own software company.

shares rise/go up (= their value increases )

The company’s shares rose 5.5p to 103p.

sit up straight/sit upright (= with your back straight )

Sit up straight at the table, Maddie.

soak up the atmosphere

Go to a sidewalk café, order coffee, and soak up the atmosphere .

something’s come up

I’m afraid I’ll have to cancel our date – something’s come up .

speed (up) sb’s recovery (= make them recover more quickly )

She believes that a holiday would speed my recovery.

split up/break up with your girlfriend (= stop having a romantic relationship )

split up/break up with your girlfriend (= stop having a romantic relationship )

stand up in court (= be successfully proved in a court of law )

Without a witness, the charges will never stand up in court .

Stand up straight

Stand up straight and don’t slouch!

start up/boot up a computer (= make it start working )

start up/boot up a computer (= make it start working )

start/set up a business

When you’re starting a business, you have to work longer hours.

stay up late

I let the kids stay up late on Fridays.

stir things up

Dave’s just trying to stir things up because he’s jealous.

stir up hatred (= deliberately try to cause arguments or bad feelings between people )

Right-wing parties tried to stir up hatred and exploit racial tension.

stir up people’s emotions (= deliberately try to make people have strong feelings )

His speech roused the crowd and stirred up their emotions.

stirred up a hornets' nest

The new production targets have stirred up a hornets' nest .

stirring up trouble

John was always stirring up trouble in class.

stop a fight/break up a fight

The police were called in to break up a fight outside a nightclub.

stop/quit/give up smoking

I gave up smoking nearly ten years ago.

strengthen/build up your muscles (= make them stronger )

If you strengthen the muscles in your back you are less likely to have back problems.

strike up a friendship

He and Matthew struck up a friendship.

summon (up)/muster your courage (= make yourself feel brave )

Summoning all her courage, she got up to see what the noise was.

sunny-side up

sweep (up) the leaves (= tidy away fallen leaves using a brush )

Jack was sweeping leaves in the back garden.

take sb up on an offer/a promise/a suggestion etc

I’ll take you up on that offer of a drink, if it still stands.

take the matter up

The hospital manager has promised to take the matter up with the member of staff involved.

take up a position (= start doing a job )

Woods took up a new position as managing director of a company in Belfast.

take up a post (= start a new job )

She will take up her new post next month.

take up a post/a position/duties etc

The headteacher takes her duties up in August.

take up a sport (= start doing it )

I took up the sport six years ago.

take up an occupation ( also enter an occupation formal ) (= start doing one )

Many of his colleagues have taken up another occupation.

Our recent graduates have entered a wide range of occupations.

take up an offer/take sb up on their offer British English (= accept someone's offer )

I might take him up on his offer.

take up an offer/take sb up on their offer British English (= accept someone's offer )

I might take him up on his offer.

take (up) an option (= choose an option )

America was persuaded not to take up the option of military action.

take up golf (= start playing golf )

He took up golf as a way of getting more exercise.

take up sb's invitation/take sb up on their invitation (= accept someone's invitation )

I decided to take them up on their invitation to dinner.

take up sb's invitation/take sb up on their invitation (= accept someone's invitation )

I decided to take them up on their invitation to dinner.

take up space/room

old books that were taking up space in the office

take up the challenge/gauntlet

Rick took up the challenge and cycled the 250 mile route alone.

take up your duties (= start doing a new job )

Neale has agreed a three-year contract and takes up his duties on March 1.

take up/pick up/continue (sth) etc where sb left off (= continue something that has stopped for a short time )

Barry took up the story where Justine had left off.

take up/pick up/continue (sth) etc where sb left off (= continue something that has stopped for a short time )

Barry took up the story where Justine had left off.

take/stand for/put up with crap (= to allow someone to treat you badly )

I’m not going to take any more of this crap!

taking up...positions

The runners are taking up their positions on the starting line.

tanked up

He went down the pub and got tanked up.

tears well up in sb’s eyes (= tears come into their eyes )

She broke off, feeling the tears welling up in her eyes.

tears well up

I felt tears well up in my eyes.

tensed up

Brian got so tensed up he could hardly speak.

the cost rises/goes up

The cost of electricity has risen again.

the quality goes up/down

I think the quality has gone down over the years.

the rate goes up ( also the rate rises/increases more formal )

The crime rate just keeps going up.

the rent increases/goes up

The rent has gone up by over 50% in the last two years.

the sun rises/comes up (= appears at the beginning of the day )

As the sun rises, the birds take flight.

the wind picks up ( also the wind gets up British English ) (= becomes stronger )

The rain beat down and the wind was picking up.

things are looking up

Now the summer’s here things are looking up !

things are picking up

We’ve been through a bit of a bad patch, but things are picking up again now.

throw away/pass up/turn down a chance (= not accept or use an opportunity )

Imagine throwing up a chance to go to America!

tie up/moor a boat (= tie it to something so that it stays in one place )

You can tie up the boat to that tree.

How much does it cost to moor a boat here?

tighten (up) the rules (= make them stricter )

The EU has tightened the rules on the quality of drinking water.

time...taken up

The little time I had outside of school was taken up with work.

time’s up (= used to say that the time allowed for something has finished )

Time’s up, class. Put your pens down and hand your papers to the front.

took up the invitation

Rob took up the invitation to visit.

took up...room

The old wardrobe took up too much room .

tooled up

touch up/fix your make-up (= put a little more make-up on after some has come off )

She went into the bathroom to touch up her makeup.

turn the heating down/up

Can you turn the heating down a bit?

turn the radio down/up (= make it quieter or louder )

Can you turn your radio down a bit?

turn the television up/down (= make it louder or quieter )

Rory had turned the television up so loud that the people next door complained.

turn the volume up/down

Can you turn the volume up?

turn up late/early/on time etc

Steve turned up late, as usual.

turned up like...bad penny (= suddenly appeared )

Sure enough, Steve turned up like the proverbial bad penny .

turned up on the doorstep

I got a shock when he just turned up on the doorstep .

type sth up (= type a copy of something written by hand, in note form, or recorded )

I went home to type up the report.

up ahead

We could see the lights of Las Vegas up ahead .

Up until

Up until last year, they didn’t even own a car.

use (up) leave

I used all my leave in the summertime.

use up/exhaust a supply

The diver had nearly used up his supply of oxygen.

wake up to reality (= realize what is happening or real )

Well, they need to wake up to reality.

Wake up (= give me your attention )

Wake up at the back there!

weighing up the pros and cons (= the advantages and disadvantages )

We’re still weighing up the pros and cons of the two options.

went up in flames

The whole building went up in flames .

whip up interest/opposition/support etc

They’ll do anything to whip up a bit of interest in a book.

wind things up

It’s time to wind things up – I have a plane to catch.

wind (up) a clock (= turn a key to keep it working )

It was one of those old clocks that you have to wind up.

worked up a thirst (= done something that made us thirsty )

We had worked up a thirst , and so we decided to stop for a beer.

worked up

You shouldn’t get so worked up about it.

worked...up into a state

She had worked herself up into a state .

wound up

I was too wound up to sleep.

wrap (up) a gift

She had bought and wrapped gifts for children in hospital.

wrap up warm/well

Make sure you wrap up warm – it’s freezing.

wrapped...up warmly

Pat wrapped the baby up warmly .

write up notes (= write down what your notes say, using full sentences and more detail )

It’s a good idea to write up your notes soon after a lecture.

write/draw up/prepare a draft (= write one )

Always write a rough draft of your essay first.

He drew up a draft of the club’s rules and regulations.

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ VERB

go

Again her heart is represented by the mechanism from an old lift: she goes up and down as others will her.

The curtain went up , essentially in darkness.

Nurses busily went up and down, sometimes pausing to exchange words and careless laughter.

His first painting goes up for auction on Friday.

Two more models are going up by Wilshire Homes of Austin.

How many businesses that went up in the 1980s might now come down?

Right before the mill closed, production almost cruelly began to go up .

take

The drafting of recommendations is one thing, the taking up of their recommendations is quite another.

Connecticut is assessing high school students in math and science based on team-oriented projects that take up to a semester of work.

The day is taken up with trying to control the child rather than having fun.

Justin has an upper berth on one of two sets of bunk beds that take up most of the tiny room.

Her mind was taken up with puzzling over a fact which had become increasingly clear the longer she stayed in the apartment.

The more space they take up , the larger the object looks.

Since the school took up so much space on the island, the rugby pitches were the size of tennis courts.

Usually when a leader fails, subordinates can take up the reins.

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

(keep your) chin up!

Keep your chin up! We'll get through this together!

(right) up your street

Mrs Marriot was a woman up our street who used to sell things in her front room.

So, if that sounds up your street , get your Peak Performance subscription in soon!

This sort of thing should be right up your street .

Wait up!

a kick up the arse/backside/pants etc

He was gormless, spoke in a funny nasal accent and looked as if he could do with a kick up the backside.

I think I just needed a kick up the backside.

They like to see officialdom and the upper classes getting a kick up the backside.

back sb/sth ↔ up

back sb/sth ↔ up

bark up the wrong tree

You're barking up the wrong tree if you think Sam can help you.

Can't help thinking that they are on the right track and it's we who are barking up the wrong tree.

Could he once again be barking up the wrong tree?

However, those who advocate a federal takeover of workers' compensation are barking up the wrong tree.

In retrospect it now seems that both camps were barking up the wrong tree.

People who feel sorry for my old bridesmaid and travelling companion are barking up the wrong tree.

They have maybe barked up the wrong tree.

be (just) coming up to sth

A period when he was almost dead is coming up to the surface.

He had a horrible premonition that she was coming up to Rome.

Manion was coming up to his freeway exit.

be badly cut up

be booked up

I'm all booked up this week, but I can see you on Monday.

Both of the safari buses were booked up solid for the month after that.

But all flights were booked up.

His courses in Wengen and Tignes can be booked up through Supertravel: 01-584 5060.

Nicholas Hytner is booked up years ahead on both opera and theatre.

So it's no surprise that a safety seminar for women was booked up within days of being announced.

be bound up in sth

Jim's too bound up in his own worries to be able to help us.

The history of music is, of course, bound up with the development of musical instruments.

All our limitations are bound up in our intellectual mind with its boundaries and imperfections and its tendency to emotional distortion.

Although activists take on global economic and political issues, their affiliations, allegiances and loyalties are bound up in local communities.

Extension cords that looked frayed or suspicious were bound up in Scotch cellophane tape.

Moral and economic rights are bound up in the concept of copyright.

More usually, the body was bound up in a folded position, with the knees under the chin.

The victim of horrendous physical and emotional abuse, she was failed by all those who were bound up in her care.

These very weak stones are rich in water, which is bound up in both hydrated salts and clay minerals.

be bound up with sth

A most sacred obligation was bound up with a most atrocious crime.

According to a long and dominant tradition, the physical is bound up with the spatial.

But they were important in their time, and their families were bound up with Fred Taylor all his life.

Human rights in general and the right to communicate in particular are bound up with the notion of democracy.

It is bound up with the family as a whole.

The doctrine of precedent is bound up with the need for a reliable system of law reporting.

This therefore brings me to the second reason why democracy is bound up with a measure of economic and social equality.

be bunged up

be burning up

Although it was cold and the air was running out, she was burning up.

In the on-line world, customers were burning up the lines.

In these circumstances, it should be roughly assumed that you would be burning up around 2,000 calories a day.

Think about the calories you are burning up - 200 for every 30 minute walk!

be climbing/crawling (up) the walls

Realizes he is moving in her desperately, as if he is climbing the walls of a closed building.

be coming up

Alison's birthday is coming up.

Don't forget you've got exams coming up in a couple of weeks' time.

Don't forget you have a test coming up on Thursday.

I'm pretty busy right now -- I have exams coming up next week.

Our 12th annual Folk Festival is coming up again soon.

With Christmas coming up, we didn't have much spare money.

Evidently the emergency unit was coming up First, right at us.

Gripping the over head chrome rail, he stooped forward as if to see what street was coming up.

Shops were coming up for sale all over the precinct.

Some faces shone white in the moonlight that was coming up behind a copse.

The sun was coming up as we drove away from Sobey's.

The sun was coming up, or had already come up, and the heavy mists wore a pearlescent glow.

The wind was coming up and there was weather to port. ` Sailing is the perfect antidote for age, Reyes.

When I got out of prison again I went to a hostel in Manchester and he was coming up there all the time.

be coming up roses

be doped (up)

I still half expect the food to be doped .

In February five greyhounds were found to be doped after an £60,000 multi-bet coup in the first race at Canterbury.

Kerr-McGee charged she was doped up with Quaaludes.

be dragged up

Everything that can be dragged up as a skeleton on Mugabe and his underlings must be dragged up.

Her frozen limbs were dragged up an impressively wide staircase and then along a hallway.

I assume a lot of people will laugh at Morrissey for this and the Glastonbury thing will be dragged up again.

The whale will be dragged up its main ramp and butchered.

be drugged up to the eyeballs

be eaten up with/by jealousy/anger/curiosity etc

be got up as/in sth

More visionary railway schemes were got up in the inter-war years.

be gunged up with sth

be gunked up (with sth)

be inextricably linked/bound up/mixed etc

For in fact political theories, doctrines or ideologies, and political action are inextricably bound up with each other.

In her mind the murder and the attack at the Chagall museum were inextricably bound up with the secret of the Durances.

It makes you understand that you are inextricably bound up with each other and that your fortunes depend on one another.

Within the workplace inequality and conflict are inextricably bound up, irrespective of the relationship between particular managements and workforces.

be laid up (with sth)

All was safely gathered in and Mr and Mrs Squirrel Nutkin's hoard was laid up for winter's sustenance.

How much land must you commit to arable rotation, and how much must be laid up for hay or silage?

I don't know how long I shall be laid up with this wretched ankle.

In those days all the cutters were laid up on the trot piles in the river Hamble during the winter months.

It was, and Venturous was laid up at Buckie for nearly ten months while new Cummins engines were fitted.

Large numbers of nuclear-powered submarines are laid up at a harbour near Murmansk.

She had never got used to the hours since John had been made redundant when all the ships were laid up.

The barges, designed to be sailed by one man and a boy, could be laid up in a few days.

be locked up (in sth)

All the back-benchers lit Parliament were locked up along with the six ministers at State House.

His fa-ther was locked up somewhere in a place called Applegate.

I was locked up for nine years, you know that?

It was locked up somewhere round at the back.

Much more was locked up in that house than the storeroom at its core.

That's what Lee had gone home to check, that Caspar was locked up.

be made up

be made up to captain/manager etc

be one up (on sb)/get one up on sb

be penned up/in

be pushing up (the) daisies

It's lucky I was sent here, to Hepzibah, or I'd be pushing up daisies .

be pushing up (the) daisies

It's lucky I was sent here, to Hepzibah, or I'd be pushing up daisies.

be right up there (with sb/sth)

He was right up there on Herron Avenue.

Northampton are right up there in second place.

Number of sunny days is right up there for me, too.

On the trauma scale, this was right up there with an automobile wreck.

be tied up

"May I speak to Professor Smithers?" "I'm sorry. He's tied up at the moment."

I'm sorry, he's tied up at the moment. Could you call back later?

I can't see you tomorrow, I'm tied up all day.

Her hair was tied up in a hair net and the hat was removed and placed to the right of her chest.

Its fixed-interest bond pays 11.50 percent net provided the money is tied up for at least 12 months.. Key move on cards.

Most of this is tied up in grants, salaries and existing programmes, some of them five years long.

No point in fixing dates when television's cameras are tied up elsewhere.

On completion day, the legal ends are tied up, you collect the keys and move into your new home.

Our identity is tied up with being some one who never achieves these goals.

The others were tied up with sickness, special duties, leave and - a key problem - court attendance.

The Tin Woodman and the Scarecrow are destroyed, and the Lion is tied up in your yard.

be tied up

Her hair was tied up in a hair net and the hat was removed and placed to the right of her chest.

Its fixed-interest bond pays 11.50 percent net provided the money is tied up for at least 12 months.. Key move on cards.

Most of this is tied up in grants, salaries and existing programmes, some of them five years long.

No point in fixing dates when television's cameras are tied up elsewhere.

On completion day, the legal ends are tied up, you collect the keys and move into your new home.

Our identity is tied up with being some one who never achieves these goals.

The others were tied up with sickness, special duties, leave and - a key problem - court attendance.

The Tin Woodman and the Scarecrow are destroyed, and the Lion is tied up in your yard.

be tied up with sth

Christianity in Africa is tied up with its colonial past.

Apart from that, everyone else is tied up with this extraordinary business at the Savoy.

For many, aspiration to higher things through promotion was tied up with the idea of a larger wage-packet.

Our identity is tied up with being some one who never achieves these goals.

Some of these are tied up with the conception of crime itself; and will be dealt with in the next section.

The others were tied up with sickness, special duties, leave and - a key problem - court attendance.

The trouble is, he's going to be tied up with all this now.

be tucked up in bed

At about midnight when all the children were tucked up in bed we visited the Grotto.

Five minutes later she was tucked up in bed, sleeping happily once again, while Jake had retreated to his little ante-room.

Most girls never drink or smoke, and are tucked up in bed by midnight.

Next day John is tucked up in bed at his flat in Tufnell Park.

be up a gum tree

be up for grabs

Before long the entire paper industry is up for grabs .

But the software, particularly the interface, was up for grabs .

Canary Wharf was up for grabs .

Howe said Doug Johns is his fifth starter, but the fourth slot is up for grabs .

I had some memorable test drives after buying a dozen 6R4s when they were up for grabs at the factory.

Regional and runners-up prizes will also be up for grabs .

The lower house of Congress also is up for grabs in the July elections.

This is the process whereby every scrap of green land in a town is up for grabs by development.

be up in arms

Pine Valley residents are up in arms about plans to build a prison in the area.

Residents are up in arms about plans for a new road along the beach.

And already fans are up in arms .

But it will never be, for already the politicians are up in arms against it.

Civil libertarians would be up in arms but it would mean fewer animals whose final romp is into a killing-room.

John Adams decided that everyone but Episcopalians was up in arms against the new tax law.

Mavis Bramley was up in arms about the woman from Oldham.

The association's members were up in arms .

Those people would be up in arms .

Yet some big securities houses are up in arms over the Elwes report.

be up in the air

I might be going on a training course next week, but it's still up in the air .

Our trip to Orlando is still up in the air .

They still haven't said if I've got the job -- it's all up in the air at the moment.

But they were up in the air , and they were moving.

If I don't work to a routine then I feel everything is up in the air !

It was wonderful to be up in the air and to feel the air swishing past his face.

When he was up in the air he was engaged, his spirits prospered and his intellect was keener than a needle.

be up the creek (without a paddle)

I'll really be up the creek if I don't get paid this week.

Chairmen of football clubs are only in the papers and on the radio when the team is up the creek .

What he learned from that interview was that Graham Ross was up the creek without a paddle.

be up to no good

Anyone waiting around on street corners at night must be up to no good .

If you ask me, that husband of hers is up to no good .

She knew that her brother was up to no good but she didn't tell anyone.

Those guys look like they're up to no good .

be up to your ears in work/debt/problems etc

be up to your eyebrows in sth

Stein is up to his eyebrows in debt.

be up to your eyes in sth

be up to your neck in sth

We were up to our necks in problems with the Apollo program.

Like Patsy Kensit, I was up to my neck in oasis.

The party is up to its neck in a scandal over alleged illegal purloining of confidential police files on rivals.

be up with the lark

be well up in/on sth

But deep inside there was a brooding that was welling up in him.

By eight o'clock, when the first pair was due to tee off, the sun was well up in a clear sky.

be wrapped up in sth

Blake was to be wrapped up in this sooty, surreptitious London nearly all his life.

Each item of information is wrapped up in two lines of the file.

He said the whole thing could be wrapped up in a week.

I was wrapped up in an officer's uniform; you couldn't see me for fur and leather.

On the other hand, I think many of my successes are wrapped up in the same thing.

The control was wrapped up in some interdependent web.

The time was past ten, kids were wrapped up in their beds, and parents were probably about to retire themselves.

be written up

It got a lot of airplay from John Peel, and was written up extensively by the music press.

Parliamentary proceedings are written up and published in the daily Hansard.

Previously Venturous had been a noteworthy arrival to be written up in the local press.

Results of investigations and the like will need to be written up.

Several points were discussed; these will be written up more fully in the minutes.

The incident was written up in the local newspaper.

The research will be written up as it proceeds, and will be published in 1986.

Their pecuniary interests were probably greater than their antiquarian ones, and their errors were written up by the historian.

be/come up against a (brick) wall

She swam in what she hoped was the direction of the stairs, only to come up against a wall .

be/come up against sb/sth

A ripple of crowd laughter came up against the breeze from the direction of the main grandstands.

And what do you do when to come up against a brick wall?

At every turn workers found themselves coming up against the State.

Here, Wade realized, he had come up against a few firm truths.

In every direction he came up against his own incompleteness.

The acts were not just reluctant to offend, but even to probe beyond the first middle-class convention they came up against .

Together, they come up against an extraordinarily barbaric state bureaucracy and not a few disappointments.

What you have here is a situation where custom and convention comes up against constitutional guarantees.

be/get caught up in sth

We get caught up in the commercial aspects of Christmas.

And that headdress would get caught up in the overhead wires, you silly boy.

I am painfully aware of how we get caught up in our times and become contaminated by our own hypocrisy.

I thought at one time it might be caught up in the Christmas post.

Kenetech got caught up in that.

Landowners who get caught up in this bureaucratic runaround receive no compensation for their economic loss as a result of wetland determination.

Rather than just evolving in a gradual, uniform manner, the earth may actually be caught up in a repeating cycle.

Some of these girls get caught up in this freedom idea.

When this is augmented by oddly tangential keyboard sounds it's an enjoyable little maelstrom to be caught up in.

be/get mixed up in sth

A straight-laced Wall Street banker gets mixed up in one ludicrous misunderstanding after another in George Gallo's screwball comedy.

Everything else about this journey is starting to get mixed up in my head.

He defended me and Eddie when we got mixed up in a couple of scrapes.

He had to be mixed up in the Cicero Club.

Her son's got mixed up in it, probably demonstrated yesterday with the Socialists outside the Town Hall.

I still do not want to get mixed up in any Indochina decision....

It was nothing to do with her, and whatever it was she didn't want to be mixed up in it.

We weren't going to get mixed up in a job, when we were going home off duty.

be/get mixed up with sb

Answer: She would never have got mixed up with him in the first place.

But this all gets mixed up with motivation too: the horse must be motivated to learn.

I am beginning to get mixed up with the days of the month.

It's an odd business and it seems to be mixed up with Edwin Garland's will.

Of all the people you do not want to get mixed up with he is the first and the last.

Then Conley got mixed up with Charlie Keating and somehow lost millions of dollars, eventually ending up bankrupt.

Trust Auguste to get mixed up with it.

We used to get mixed up with the fight.

be/get togged up/out

The blokes all put on frocks, like, an' the chicks get togged up in strides.

beat sb ↔ up

beat up on sb

I used to beat up on my brothers when we were kids.

Everybody beat up on him because he made the team.

She's never going to get anywhere if she tries to beat up on males, especially a catch like me.

There was no need to take the time to beat up on the new pioneers.

They just love beating up on architects.

beat yourself up

big it up

big up (to/for) sb

blow sth (up) out of (all) proportion

This case has been blown totally out of proportion because of the media attention.

The issue was blown far out of proportion.

blow sth ↔ up

blow sth ↔ up

blow up in sb's face

It was kind of funny watching the presentation blow up in Harry's face.

Kristin knew that if anyone found out, the whole thing could blow up in her face.

Auditors some-times miss big potential problems that blow up in the face of bondholders.

But I also fear that this encryption stuff is so powerful it could blow up in my face.

Having opted for a formation that he thought would beat Leicester, David O Leary saw it blow up in his face.

Liable blow up in their faces.

Not only could be, but would be, and the whole thing would blow up in my face.

Nothing of its kind had ever been done before, and it could have blown up in his face.

When the clothes iron blows up in your face.

boil sth ↔ up

bottoms up!

break sb up

break sth ↔ up

break sth ↔ up

break sth ↔ up

bring sb up short/with a start

bring up the rear

Dad was bringing up the rear to make sure no one got lost.

The funeral hearse was followed by cars full of friends, and a company of Life Guards brought up the rear .

We all followed our guide up the path, Marcus and I bringing up the rear .

Chivvying the staff of the Villa Russe into the tea room with refreshments, Auguste brought up the rear .

Four men-at-arms rode alongside, and bringing up the rear was another monk herding a flock of sheep and goats.

He led the way, followed by an ebullient Christina and Elaine, with James sullenly bringing up the rear .

He was tired of bringing up the rear in the march of civilization.

One by one they climbed in, Delaney first, Nell in the middle, with Andrevitch bringing up the rear .

The unmistakable figure of the immaculate Captain Trentham brought up the rear .

They fall in beside him and start up the hill to the induction center, the cop bringing up the rear .

buck up!

buck your ideas up

Meanwhile, both Severiano Ballesteros and Jose-Maria Olazabal had bucked their ideas up.

build sb/sth ↔ up

build sb/sth ↔ up

build sth ↔ up

build up sb's hopes

burn sb up

burn sth ↔ up

burn sth ↔ up

bust sth ↔ up

bust sth ↔ up

call sb ↔ up

call sb ↔ up

call sth ↔ up

call sth ↔ up

camp it up

cause/kick up/make etc a stink

It's financial clout that counts or, failing that, kicking up a stink .

It's for your protection, so that you have the union behind you if Mellowes kicks up a stink .

It will still contain plenty of business and mortgage borrowers to kick up a stink about base rates.

chalk it up to experience

cheer sth ↔ up

choke sb up

choke sth ↔ up

churn sth ↔ up

churn sth ↔ up

clean sth ↔ up

clean up your act

Gwen finally told her troubled son to clean up his act or get out of her house.

She told her son to clean up his act or move out.

Tish has really cleaned up her act - she doesn't drink or smoke pot any more.

But he eventually sees their potential and cleans up his act just in time.

Citibank insists it has cleaned up its act.

Despite Mr Haider's grandiose, unbelievable last-minute pledges to clean up his act, there should be no wavering.

Drivers whose vehicles give off more poisonous chemicals than are allowed have ten days to clean up their act.

Legislation aimed at forcing the power firms to clean up their act is being fought tooth and nail by the polluters.

More recently Lou has cleaned up his act and started setting the world to rights.

Naming and shaming remains an option should the company not clean up its act.

The industry was effectively warned to clean up its act or face legislation.

clear sth ↔ up

close sth ↔ up

close sth ↔ up

close up shop

Finnegan's Bar is closing up shop after 35 years.

Some of the big ad agencies close up shop early for the holidays.

A few companies closed up shop in California.

And retailers, caught betwixt the two, were perplexed and losing money, if not closing up shop for good.

At one stage, he considered closing up shop for good.

close up/up close/close to

come on in/over/up etc

A light suddenly comes on in the closet, revealing the hidden police officers Loach and Escobar.

Automatic lights had come on in various parts of the house.

It sometimes comes on in the open air.

It sounded good, it felt good to say, it made lights come on in my mouth.

Lights came on in the Mootwalk shops as one by one they began to open.

Street lights were starting to come on in the distance, crimson slivers slowly brightening to orange.

Suddenly, all the lights came on in the hospital and they eventually opened a side-door and let her in.

Sure, I said, come on over.

come out of sth/come up smelling of roses

come up for discussion/examination/review etc

BUndeterred, the group is revising its proposal and plans to contest every license that comes up for review.

come up for election/re-election/selection etc

At each two-yearly election one-third of the Senate comes up for re-election.

It affects us all and its practitioners do not come up for re-election every five years.

come up short

We've been to the state tournament four times, but we've come up short every time.

He struck the ball tentatively, and it came up short .

I went home, wanting to do something very special, but came up short .

If we keep coming up short , tax the Patagonians.

Judged by their own standards, they came up short .

Kansas played well for 38 minutes but came up short in the end.

Riley keeps coming up short , but insists on coming right back to pound the same hammer with the same nail.

This analysis often reveals why some groups regularly succeed and others regularly come up short .

We're so close to getting the job done, but we keep coming up short .

come up with the goods/deliver the goods

Neil Young's annual fall concert always delivers the goods with famous musicians and good music.

come/turn up trumps

And a dream come true ... The advert for grandparents that came up trumps .

Conrad Allen came up trumps again, finishing fourth in the boys 800 metres in a personal best 2 mins. 22.

Ibanez seem to have taken another daring step in their continuing success story and come up trumps once again.

In part two: Four of a kind ... Durnin plays the winning hand as United come up trumps against Luton.

You've come up trumps , Derek.

coming (right) up!

cough sth ↔ up

cover sth ↔ up

cover sth ↔ up

cover up for sb

High ranking military men were covering up for the murderers.

And start covering up for them.

By lying and covering up for her husband, the wife provides negative reinforcement for his violence.

Heaven only knows what else you've done that Paige has covered up for.

The persistent tendency to cover up for our lack of effectiveness by using vague language must be strongly resisted.

crack (sb) up

All those crack shits shooting up the streets?

It nearly cracked me up and he could see what it did to me.

It used to crack me up.

It was funny, he cracked me up last night.

Maintenance men could tell whether a pole - wooden or concrete - is dangerously cracked before shinning up it.

Most of the humor consists of watching Shore crack himself up with his own Valley garble.

The cloud is like a magnet so the water goes through the cracks and goes up.

criticize/nag/hassle sb up one side and down the other

cut sb ↔ up

cut sb/sth ↔ up

cut sth ↔ up

cut up rough

But he can cut up rough and turn a bit nasty if he's got a mind to.

dance/sing/cook etc up a storm

She danced up a storm at an Alexandria, Va., club where the Desperadoes played right after the election.

They are blowing trumpets singing up a storm and waving as they walk past us.

do sth ↔ up

do sth ↔ up

do sth ↔ up

do yourself up

draw sth ↔ up

draw up a chair

In the funereal chill Vassily drew up a chair and poured us both a drink.

Marshall drew up a chair for her.

Mr Browning drew up a chair for her, as nice as could be, and sat down himself.

When they reached the cafe, Zeinab drew up a chair beside Hargazy.

draw your knees up

He drew his knees up, preparing himself to fight off any further attack.

Paige drew her knees up inside the bag, resting her chin on them.

draw yourself up (to your full height)

dress sth ↔ up

dressed (up) to the nines

Now, remember the elegant woman, always dressed to the nines, with the infectious laugh.

drugged/doped up to the eyeballs

eat sth ↔ up

face up/upwards

He fell across the wall, twisting, face up.

If convicted, they face up to a year in jail and up to a $ 2, 500 fine.

If found guilty, he could face up to two years in jail.

It took time until she could face up to it.

Sabit Brokaj of the Socialist Party faces up to 10 years in prison if convicted.

We must face up to this.

With palms facing upwards, take your arms behind you and hold them as high as possible.

With palms facing upwards, take your arms behind you and pull them towards each other 35 times.

fill (yourself) up

But at the rear, in his camels-hair coat, filling up a comer with his huge body, he was standing.

Fast cars drink petrol, and if you don't fill up often, your roses will become stranded with empty tanks.

From where Nathan was sitting, in a chapel adjacent to the altar, he could hear the cathedral filling up.

He can fill up the lane, earn his minutes and his keep just by being big.

The doc says her lungs are all filled up with water.

The space between them was filling up with unasked and unanswered questions.

To attract crowds large enough to fill up the ornate space, big spectacles were de rigueur.

Well, if you stop to fill up at a motorway service station your dreams could come true.

fill sb up

fill yourself (up)/fill your face

finish sth ↔ up

first up

foul sth ↔ up

fuck sb ↔ up

gather sb to you/gather sb up

gee sb ↔ up

gee up!

get (right) up sb's nose

Darren comes to stay with Nikki and is quick to get up the nose of everyone he meets.

Even reading your horoscope can get up your nose .

I didn't realise it would get up your nose so quickly and so far.

I took her to my room, so that her feathers wouldn't get up Mum's nose .

It had got up Rufus's nose a bit, though Adam had a perfect right to do this.

get (sb) up

Any damned fool can get a plane up in the air.

He could get caught up in the story, so to speak, and little by little begin to forget himself.

I dreaded to think what would happen if the two got mixed up.

I fell down, knocked me walking-frame over and I couldn't get meself up again.

If you get his/her back up, even if you're right, you're dead!

Left unstirred, simmering soup will produce a scum that gets caught up in the eddies.

While attached to Camp Pendleton, however, the Gulf War veteran got swept up in an off-base drug scene.

Your time and my time ... well they've somehow got all mixed up.

get it up

And she's got it up top, an' all.

Energy in one form or another has been invested in it to get it up there.

He'd see it raise slightly, but he couldn't quite get it up.

Probably a child molester, probably couldn't get it up for anything normal.

She won't be able to get it up on her own anyway.

get sb's dander up

Some recent columns have gotten readers' dander up.

get/build up a head of steam

get/pick/build up steam

But Dehlavi takes his time getting up steam , leaving a good 20 minutes of surplus slack in these two hours.

Cons: Just when the bobsled builds up steam , brakes on the track slow it down.

If the economy is picking up steam , the recovery may be nipped in the bud by renewed Fed tightening.

Indications the economy may be picking up steam hurt bonds by sparking concern inflation may accelerate, eroding bonds' fixed payments.

Millionaire publisher Steve Forbes, who is suddenly picking up steam ?

The black-out protest is expected to pick up steam after the president signs the bill.

get/put sb's back up

He treats everyone like children, and that's why he puts people's backs up.

It really gets my back up when salesmen call round to the house.

At Eagle Butte I stopped and got a clamp, got the pipe back up there some way.

He had been around the scene for long enough to know how to manipulate meetings without getting everyone's back up.

If you get his/her back up, even if you're right, you're dead!

She'd even got Bert's back up proper, over his betting and poor old Floss.

Simon naturally put people's backs up.

You got to get back up.

gird (up) your loins

I'm girding up my loins for battle on this tax issue.

We're just unwinding before girding our loins for London.

give it up for sb

give sb a boost (up)

Because the Saints gave an economic boost to the young state, Illinoisans at first greeted them congenially.

Cally had been intimidated by the occasion and Jen wanted to give her a boost .

Fishing industry lands a big boost Scarborough's fishing industry has been given a big boost thanks to shoals of scallops.

He says the government's turnaround on interest and exchange rate policies should give an extra boost to Christmas trading too.

His defeat gives a further boost to Mr Kinnock's already overriding executive majority.

It gave her confidence a boost to know that she had spotted him, and it made her actions easy.

This will give a further boost to the economy.

This will help to cut pollution and save energy and give a valuable boost to the housing market.

give sb up for dead/lost etc

After much searching, the village people gave Kay up for dead.

Gray had been missing for over a year, and his wife was ready to give him up for dead.

It is as if he gave them up for dead when they left Shiloh.

On the thirteenth day, Kasturbai knelt before a sacred plant and prayed; she had given him up for lost.

give sb ↔ up

give sth ↔ up

give sth/sb ↔ up

give up sth

give up the ghost

My old car's finally given up the ghost .

Doctors said that while his heart was fine, his vascular system had given up the ghost .

Finally the engine gave up the ghost completely and nothing could persuade it to start again.

He would ordinarily blow out the candle and give up the ghost .

The spores do germinate, go through a few perfunctory cell divisions, then give up the ghost .

They squirmed, shrivelled and after a brief struggle, gave up the ghost .

This is the gentler way: convince the mind the body's dead and it gives up the ghost .

What light struggled through the unwashed front window soon gave up the ghost in the air that seemed almost palpably grey.

With one last defiant surge of power the jeep finally gave up the ghost .

give yourself/sb up

But then, why give them up so abruptly?

But we would not give it up without a desperate struggle.

He is not going to give that up.

I had to give the ball up, and then I had work my butt off to get it back.

I kept starting new regimes, then finding I couldn't give them up.

In return for our consent, he swore he would give it up the day after he won the election.

That's why I want to give it up for adoption.

go belly up

Tim's business went belly up in 1993.

Cooke won a settlement so big that the label went belly up.

Lehman Brothers eventually went belly up.

Two small boys trapped a crab, repeatedly poking it with a stick until it went belly up and played dead.

go piss up a rope!

go up in flames/burst into flames

go up in smoke

After Warrington they've got to be careful or we might be blown up in smoke .

Before she could throw the water into the wastepaper basket, the reports had gone up in smoke .

For the yards owner, it was 25 years of work up in smoke .

If so, what happens when Buckingham Palace, Sandringham or Balmoral go up in smoke ?

Its mosque went up in smoke .

Such deliberation, while the youth of Britain were liable to go up in smoke , outraged many.

That's well over £5,000 up in smoke - or, to be exact, an average £44.66 a month.

Three hundred tons of freshly harvested hay and straw went up in smoke .

go up/come down in the world

grow up!

ham it up

Every year Dad puts on his Santa suit and hams it up for the kids.

For all the kids care he could be Goofy, hamming it up for Mickey Mouse.

Overemphasis, hamming it up, leads to the exaggerations of satire, cartooning, melodrama and farce.

hands up

Gently slide your hands up the back of the skull as you allow his or head to come back down gently.

He brought his hands up to the typewriter keys and forced himself to begin.

She threw her hands up in the air and leaned back, stretching, arching her chest upward.

Singer put both hands up before his face, arms outstretched; he was begging.

Sometimes you have got to hold your hands up and accept that certain players are not right for you.

The next minute the grenade thrower appeared with his hands up.

The police mounted an early-morning assault on his office, and Mr Bucaram came running out with his hands up.

hang sth ↔ up

hang up your hat/football boots/briefcase etc

haul yourself up/out of etc sth

Annie hauls herself out of her chair, nets a shiner from the tank, and throws it out the screen door.

Next day I hauled myself out of bed, took breakfast and got into the truck about a quarter to six.

have an ace up your sleeve

have another card up your sleeve

have something up your sleeve

Don't worry. He still has a few tricks up his sleeve .

have sth sewn up

IBM had the market for electric typewriters sewn up.

For the lawyers have it all sewn up.

The deal between the wholesaler and manufacturer will have been sewn up only minutes before Sanjay accepted his orders.

To have lost a game against the local rivals that should have been sewn up was bad enough.

heads up!

hold sb/sth ↔ up

hold sth ↔ up

hold up sth

hold up your head

He had held up his head in the most exalted company.

How does he hold up his head if he knows his wife is deceiving him?

hold your head up

As a baby she may have had a hard time holding her head up, for example.

Her own cheeks had gone pale; her lids drooped over her eyes; she held her head up in her hand.

How else could a girl hold her head up in her family?

However, Linfield can hold their heads up high.

Just holding my head up like that.

hold/keep your end up

It helped them keep their end up in battle, too, claim historians.

It is difficult to get skips in this age group capable of keeping their end up at this level of competition.

Richter kept his end up by arranging a press visit to Huemul Island on 21 June, 1951.

hook sb up with sth

hurry sb/sth up

hurry up!

Hurry up - we're late!

in (the) front/up front

it all adds up

Still, it all adds up to an interesting polemic.

Twenty hours, $ 14m and 33 actors-it all adds up to...

it's all up (with sb)

It's all up for you then.

keep sb up

Arnold would keep us all up with his long, rambling stories.

I'm often kept up by the noise of laughter and music from next door.

keep sth ↔ up

keep sth ↔ up

keep sth ↔ up

keep up appearances

For now, I can keep up appearances and still go to the same restaurants as my friends.

Of course, he tries to keep up appearances , but he lives entirely off borrowed money.

She put Christmas decorations in the window just to keep up appearances .

A travel iron is useful for keeping up appearances on holiday.

All my efforts were concentrated on keeping up appearances during those two hours of the day when I was with them.

He still took care to be rude and truculent at school to keep up appearances , but the old venom had faded.

Man on the move Everything a man need to keep up appearances while he's away from home.

She just wanted to keep up appearances for the kids.

Sometimes a mood, or a phase of the menstrual cycle, will bring about a definite aversion to keeping up appearances .

They spend all they have to keep up appearances .

We all have to keep up appearances while we wait for the tide to turn.

keep up appearances

A travel iron is useful for keeping up appearances on holiday.

All my efforts were concentrated on keeping up appearances during those two hours of the day when I was with them.

He still took care to be rude and truculent at school to keep up appearances, but the old venom had faded.

Man on the move Everything a man need to keep up appearances while he's away from home.

She just wanted to keep up appearances for the kids.

Sometimes a mood, or a phase of the menstrual cycle, will bring about a definite aversion to keeping up appearances.

They spend all they have to keep up appearances.

We all have to keep up appearances while we wait for the tide to turn.

keep your pecker up

It's going to boil down to keeping your pecker up, looking on the best side of things.

keep your spirits/strength/morale etc up

Crusty Bill boasts he's on a spicy vegetarian diet to keep his strength up for love.

During the war years, it helped keep our spirits up and we need it again now.

He had a strong sense of humour, and kept his spirits up.

I had to keep my strength up.

I told Tansy that she must keep her spirits up, that Rose might be needing her.

She ate a little to keep her strength up.

kick up a fuss/stink/row

It's financial clout that counts or, failing that, kicking up a stink.

It's for your protection, so that you have the union behind you if Mellowes kicks up a stink.

It might be partly because I didn't kick up a fuss when I lost the captaincy.

It will still contain plenty of business and mortgage borrowers to kick up a stink about base rates.

Yet when pedestrianisation was first announced the city's shopkeepers, taxi drivers and disabled groups kicked up a fuss.

kick up your heels

Women in cowgirl outfits kicked up their heels before an audience of 24,000.

BThey kicked up their heels, spun, twirled and got down till dawn.

But perhaps you too are kicking up your heels elsewhere by now.

She deserves to kick up her heels.

This is your chance to kick up your heels and support this group of anonymous women artists.

Women in white boots, short shorts and frilly cowgirl outfits kicked up their heels on it.

large it (up)

A rock so large it must have taken two hands to lift it hit me on the jaw.

His determination is underpinned by a belief that the problem, nomatterhow large it appears to be, can be overcome.

I was surprised by how large it was.

If your business is larger it takes more organisation and record keeping to know what the magic formula is for each customer.

It was looking at me and I marveled at how very large it was.

Some bring aboard luggage so large it has its own wheels.

The load was so large it took 15 agents more than an hour to unpack it.

laugh up your sleeve

launch yourself forwards/up/from etc

With a sari Psepha unfolded his great wings and launched himself from his tree.

lay sth ↔ up

lead sb up the garden path

lever yourself up

light sth ↔ up

light sth ↔ up

lighten up

Hey, lighten up! It's only a game, you know!

line sb/sth ↔ up

line sth ↔ up

line sth ↔ up

live it up

Lisa was living it up like she didn't have a care in the world.

Accountant used cash to live it up.

I am living it up with Survage at the Coq d'Or.

It's no good looking for a man's body round here if the owner's living it up in Costa Rica.

The trim is the shirt; here you can live it up, get a touch more fashionable.

They lived it up while they were on Earth.

This contented canine's living it up.

Under a false identity, he's living it up in Florence, dining out with the aristocracy.

liven sth ↔ up

lock sb ↔ up

lock sth ↔ up

look sb up and down

"Don't be silly - you don't need to lose weight," he said, looking her up and down.

The hotel manager slowly looked the old man up and down and then asked him to leave.

Every day after the first two weeks I would look anxiously up and down the road, hoping to see their car.

Raul looked him up and down, eyes opened wide with derision.

Ron Barton looked her up and down.

She looked him up and down.

She stood there, looking Sherman up and down, as if she were angry.

The eaters were lo-cals; they looked us up and down when we went in.

The guy looked him up and down and then something clicked.

look sb ↔ up

look sth ↔ up

look/feel like death warmed up

make (it) up to sb

For example, a 70 year old person living alone would have their income made up to £53.40 a week.

He would make it up to him, the rector thought.

In California, people making up to $ 40,000 a year qualify for help.

Not so much eating it, really, as making up to it.

The company stands to make up to £7m in fees if it offloads the Dome quickly.

make a fuss/kick up a fuss (about sth)

make sb ↔ up

make sth ↔ up

make sth ↔ up

make sth ↔ up

make sth ↔ up

make sth ↔ up

make sth ↔ up

make up for lost time

He's girl crazy! He went to a boys' school and now he's making up for lost time.

The bus driver was speeding to make up for lost time.

After a century or so of political apathy, Hong Kong's young people were making up for lost time.

He was eager to make up for lost time and published prolifically.

Meanwhile Keith and Mae are settling down to married life, making up for lost time.

None the less, we immediately started our other meetings to make up for lost time.

Once I settled into my new life, I did everything I could to make up for lost time.

Time to make up for lost time.

make up leeway

make up sth

Ecosystems in the wild are made up of patches.

I've given him until tomorrow morning to make up his mind.

It is these that make up the matter we see today and out of which we ourselves are made.

It was along this thread of a path that Mary made up her mind to go.

The remaining budget was made up by personal contributions-student loans!-from the team members.

This contains the pattern of dots that, when printed on paper, will make up the actual character.

make up your mind/make your mind up

match sb/sth ↔ up

match up to sb's hopes/expectations/ideals etc

mess sb ↔ up

mess sb ↔ up

mess sth ↔ up

mess sth ↔ up

mix it (up)

Add the ginger wine and, finally, the stem ginger, mixing it in very thoroughly.

He did an excellent job getting some steals, mixing it up and changing the complexion of the game.

I thought we might mix it up this year and try some blues.

Once the required colour has been mixed it is then stored in the palette for use at any time.

Out the window, the last bit of sunlight mixed it up with the lights from the parking lot.

They can't wait to mix it with the opposition!

Upholders of the scientific faith shudder at the implications of having to mix it with such irredeemably subjective and impure elements.

You may find as you mix it that you need to add a bit more water.

move/change/keep up with the times

Motoring: Can R-R keep up with the times ?

The pub has made no attempt to keep up with the times ... no karaoke here ... just conversation.

not add up

There were a few things in his story that didn't add up.

Why had she left the note? It just didn't add up.

Although these sonatas do not add up to music of enormous consequence, Schultz and Schenkman bestow royal treatment upon them.

His promises do not add up.

Now at first glance these figures do not add up.

The Opposition can not add up.

The Racal twins: their share prices just do not add up Outlook.

The right hon. Gentleman's priorities do not add up and he knows it.

They were suspicious about my past, my age and a picture of me that simply did not add up.

not be up to much

Working conditions may not be up to much , and as a casual employee you can be fired at short notice.

not have much up top

not up to the mark

offer (up) a prayer/sacrifice etc

After offering a prayer, the virgin expired.

Can you find somewhere to offer up a prayer? 36.

Each morning the strike council opened business by some one offering a prayer.

So in offering prayers for downtrodden races, I would advise you not to overlook the downtrodden tourist.

They found him and his sons on the shore offering a sacrifice to Poseidon.

open sth ↔ up

open sth ↔ up

out/up the wazoo

A portable vacuum cleaner is most helpful for sand up the wazoo . 2.

pack sth ↔ up

pack sth ↔ up

pick sb up

pick sb up on sth

A Sergeant and four Corporals arrived from Orange to pick us up on the following Monday.

He says they picked it up on the radar and had to take evasive action.

We used to keep it round Nezzer Eyres's and pick it up on Sundays when we wanted it.

When they went off the air in the evening, I picked it up on my program.

pick sb ↔ up

pick sb ↔ up

pick sb ↔ up

pick sth ↔ up

pick sth ↔ up

pick sth ↔ up

pick sth ↔ up

pick sth ↔ up

pick sth ↔ up

pick sth ↔ up

pick sth ↔ up

pick sth ↔ up

pick sth ↔ up

pick sth/sb ↔ up

pick up speed/steam

As they picked up speed along the main tarmac road it was already 3 a.m.

If the economy is picking up steam, the recovery may be nipped in the bud by renewed Fed tightening.

Indications the economy may be picking up steam hurt bonds by sparking concern inflation may accelerate, eroding bonds' fixed payments.

Of course, good melody will sound fine at any tempo, so play slowly and gradually pick up speed.

The black-out protest is expected to pick up steam after the president signs the bill.

The coach picked up speed as it rattled and jolted down to Forty-second Street.

The object thereupon begins to expand, and it will rapidly pick up speed.

pick up the bill/tab (for sth)

The company's picking up the bill for my trip to Hawaii.

After its shareholder equity turned negative last year, parent Dasa started picking up the bills.

But remember - raid your savings now and Santa won't pick up the bill.

Everything depended on contributors picking up the bill in ten, twenty or thirty years.

I wonder to myself as I pick up the tab for breakfast.

In addition, my company will pick up the tab for all legal and moving expenses.

Often, the book publisher, not the author, picks up the tab.

There is a growing, often unstated, anticipation that the private sector will pick up the bill for public services.

When the check comes, the lobbyists almost always pick up the tab.

pick up the pieces (of sth)

The town is beginning to pick up the pieces after the worst mass shooting in U.S. history.

As proved by history, women are the ones who have to pick up the pieces in the aftermath of war.

I picked up the pieces myself.

In her motherly concerned way, she was cosseting him as he tried to pick up the pieces of his life.

In the more stable area people were returning to pick up the pieces of their lives.

It has already made behind-the-scenes preparations to share the job of picking up the pieces.

Then the red mists cleared and she sank to her knees, picking up the pieces, moaning softly.

This hopefully will cause them a fixture congestion around April/May with us hopefully been able to pick up the pieces.

Whimper like a whipped puppy, Jay, have a drink and pick up the pieces.

pick up the tab

Airlines will have to pick up the tab for new safety regulations.

Usually the book publisher, not the author, picks up the tab for a publicity tour.

We all went out to dinner, and Adam picked up the tab .

He wouldn't pick up the tab for anyone else.

I wonder to myself as I pick up the tab for breakfast.

In addition, my company will pick up the tab for all legal and moving expenses.

Normally, developers paying a barrister to represent them at an inquiry must pick up the tab .

Often, the book publisher, not the author, picks up the tab .

Thus, port officials argue, the city should have picked up the tab for fixing the recently revealed environmental problems.

When the check comes, the lobbyists almost always pick up the tab .

pick up the thread(s)

Enough to do picking up the threads of his own life.

He picked up the thread and followed it.

She gradually started to pick up the threads of her life.

They talked non-stop in an elaborate relay race, one picking up the thread as soon as the other paused for breath.

pick up the threads (of sth)

The good thing is that he's trying to pick up the threads of his life again.

Enough to do picking up the threads of his own life.

She gradually started to pick up the threads of her life.

pick up/take up the gauntlet

pick your feet up

Ronnie, stop shuffling and pick your feet up.

pick yourself up

Carol picked herself up and dusted herself off.

A team in such a position is likely to find it hard to pick itself up.

Although he picked himself up and walked away, he knew something was wrong.

He picked himself up and staggered down a corridor.

However, Grimm was already picking himself up, swearing, dusting himself off, retrieving his cap.

I crashed to the ground, picked myself up, and began staggering around the car to the other side.

I fell, picked myself up, lurched forward another yard or two, then fell again.

Shaken and deafened, I picked myself up.

Think of the toddler learning to walk and how often he falls down only to pick himself up and try again.

pile sth ↔ up

play (sb) up

play (sb) up

play sth ↔ up

pluck up (the) courage (to do sth)

After a while, too, some of the more literary residents of Princeton plucked up the courage to speak to him.

But eventually, he plucked up courage to see a solicitor.

But why not pluck up the courage to do what you've always wanted?

Eventually I plucked up courage and booked a ticket to Amsterdam with the sole purpose of getting laid.

I think you should pluck up the courage to invite him out.

Kent suspected that if the fellow ever did pluck up courage to call he would be disappointed.

Nelly begged me not to leave her, and plucking up courage I stayed.

On three occasions he had plucked up the courage to call her, but had never had a reply.

prick (up) its ears

prick (up) your ears

Henry pushed his door open a crack, and pricked up his ears.

I pricked my ears up on that one.

I pricked up my ears, and sure enough, the sound was getting louder.

The boy pricked up his ears, because, as it happened, so they were this earth.

The horse, scenting home and supper, pricked his ears and stepped out.

prop yourself up

I propped myself up against a wall and took a deep breath.

The soldier tried to prop himself up again using his crutches.

Bernice propped herself up and took a bite.

Brian propped himself up on his elbows, suddenly remembering that the alarm had gone off.

He props himself up on one elbow.

Hefinished the last rep and propped himself up on his elbows.

I could see Peter shaking his head in the fairway, as he propped himself up on his sand wedge.

Rufus had propped himself up on one elbow, watching.

She stretched and propped herself up on an elbow, aware that something was not quite right.

We're full of doubts and we try to prop each other up.

pull sb up

I felt I had to pull her up on her lateness.

Our teachers are always pulling us up for wearing the wrong uniform.

pull up a chair/stool etc

Anyway, I pull up a chair by the bed and say hello.

He pulls up a chair as she starts another game.

He now pulled up a chair and, turning it about, sat on it, his elbows resting on the back.

Rose, Victorine, Thérèse and Léonie pulled up chairs to the kitchen table and set to.

She pulls up a stool and sits down next to us, watching intently, still unable to stifle her laughter.

pull up stakes

Our family pulled up stakes every few years when Dad was in the Army.

Moreover, when a business pulls up stakes or downsizes, an entire program can wither overnight.

So, he pulled up stakes and moved to Allen County to oversee a farm.

Sometimes, staying put is a greater act of courage than pulling up stakes and starting anew.

pull up the drawbridge

pull your socks up

Maybe we needed to pull our socks up and we are trying to do just that.

With 16 games to go Oxford have still got time to pull their socks up.

You're not exactly a young lad any more so you've got to pull your socks up.

pull yourself up/to your feet etc

Behind Duvall, Jimmy could see that Barbara was pulling herself to her feet.

Granny pulled herself to her feet and tottered over to the bench, where Hodgesaargh had left his jar of flame.

On March 4 she caught hold of the end of her buggy and twice pulled herself to her feet.

Weary now that the excitement of the film was no longer sweeping her along, she pulled herself to her feet.

Whitlock pulled himself to his feet and winced as a sharp pain shot through his left leg.

pull/bring sb up short

A moment later, realising she was teetering on the brink of self-pity, she brought herself up short .

A moment later, though, and she was bringing herself up short .

But Blue brings himself up short , realizing that they have nothing really to do with Black.

However, never bring a preclear up short on this material.

She has a red face and a manner that pulls people up short .

This brings us up short at the outset of our study.

pull/haul yourself up by your bootstraps

put sb up

"Where are you staying?" "Carole's putting us up for a couple of days."

They put me up in the spare room for a few days while I sorted things out.

put sb ↔ up

put sth up

put sth ↔ up

put sth ↔ up

put sth ↔ up

put sth ↔ up

put sth ↔ up

put the wind up sb/get the wind up

put two fingers up at sb

put up a fight/struggle/resistance

By then I realized it was all too late anyway so I didn't put up a fight.

Had he, perhaps, put up a fight?

I bet you did that last night. - Did she put up a fight, then?

I start running, but my body puts up a fight.

Instead of dragging everything into the open and putting up a fight, I held on in silence.

Not only relieved by beating Dallas, but yes, this team can put up a fight.

The temptation was great to muster what force we could and put up a fight.

put up a good fight

put up a good/poor etc show

He might have put up a good show the other day, but that was because he was frightened.

She put up a better show in the 1980s.

put up a proposal/argument/case etc

In other days Managers would have put up an argument as to the folly of this approach by Management.

put up or shut up

put up sth

put your feet up

Well, at least put your feet up for a few minutes. Would you like a drink?

When you're pregnant and doing a full-time job, you must find time to put your feet up.

E for elevation, otherwise known as putting your feet up.

He pushed the ottoman over and I put my feet up.

He says it gave him time to put his feet up and relax.

Take off your coat and put your feet up.

Tammuz had dimmed the lights, put his feet up, and asked the computer to tune in the wall-screen.

That boy needs a lot of teaching, he thought, putting his feet up.

Then he put his feet up on the bench and snored for ten minutes.

right up/down sb's alley

The job sounds right up your alley .

She said, I will tell you this Bobby Kennedy is right up my alley .

ring sth ↔ up

roll a window up

roll up!

roll your sleeves up

We've got a crisis on our hands, and we need to roll up our sleeves and do something about it.

Boss Peter Wheeler conceives the cars, tests them himself and even rolls his sleeves up to help design them.

In the second half, the Cherry and Whites rolled their sleeves up and got stuck in.

roll your sleeves/trousers etc up

Boss Peter Wheeler conceives the cars, tests them himself and even rolls his sleeves up to help design them.

In the second half, the Cherry and Whites rolled their sleeves up and got stuck in.

rub sb up the wrong way

run sth ↔ up

run sth ↔ up

run up a debt/bill etc

For Gieves the tailors, the extent to which clients indulged in running up bills regardless had become extremely serious.

Having run up a debt of over £100,000, they're unlikely to be forgotten by Virgin Records in a hurry.

He spent 3 months there, running up bills of £30,000, as yet unpaid.

If my neighbours ran up a bill and refused to pay we would not be expected to pay it.

It became a more serious potential debt trap than running up bills at retailers.

Model customers run up bills and pay in installments, with the high interest that makes the business so lucrative.

The problem of running up debts to pay for the elderly is straight-forward.

They continue to run up bills and never build equity in their house.

sb is up to their (old) tricks

sb's blood is up

sb's number comes up

sb's number is up

This could be the year a lot of politicians find their number is up.

When my number is up, I want it to be quick.

Competition prize winners Kathryn Winkler of Dundee, your lucky number is up.

screw sb ↔ up

screw sth ↔ up

screw up the/enough courage to do sth

But Janice's fear was so great she struggled through two more migraines before screwing up enough courage to try the injection.

I eventually screwed up the courage to write to Richardson, pretending to be a drama student wanting advice.

screw up your eyes/face

Blake screwed up his eyes, trying to peer through the fog.

He screwed up his eyes against the light and Jurnet saw the gipsy in him.

He screwed up his eyes and put his hands over his ears.

He screwed up his face as the hot water from the kitchen tap scalded his hand.

He screwed up his face at the appalling stench but made no move to draw back.

She screwed up her face and whispered: you're so revoltingly fat you disgusting baboon.

scrunch up your face/eyes

They scrunch up their faces, peering into the haze.

send shivers/chills up (and down) your spine

Stephen King's novels have sent shivers up readers' spines for more than 20 years.

He kicked her sending shivers up her spine; again she yelped, and everything turned black.

We both kept waiting for the moment when the experience would overwhelm us and send chills up our spines.

set sb up

He said, following his arrest last fall, that the FBI had set him up.

Terry and Donald think I set them up, but it's all a big misunderstanding.

set sb up

set sb ↔ up

set sb ↔ up

set sb ↔ up

set sth ↔ up

set sth ↔ up

set up a commotion/din/racket etc

Crickets set up a racket in trees out in the yard.

set up home/house

All the costs of getting a mortgage, moving and setting up home can run into thousands.

And he set up house for her in a bungalow further along the river, in a nice secluded part.

Desmond Wilcox was a grown man when he chose to leave his wife and children and set up home with Esther.

Nor do I think that it is disgraceful if two men of a loving disposition should set up home together.

The two new Mr and Mrs Kim-Soons set up house next door.

These nests will shortly be visited by the female in whose larger territory the various males have set up home.

Thousands of them have set up home in the eaves of this house in Banbury.

Why not just leave - set up home in a more tolerant spiritual pew?

set up house

He rarely left the Brooklyn apartment where he had set up house .

Her parents were very upset when she set up house with her boyfriend.

They first set up house together in Atlanta and moved to Miami three years later.

And he set up house for her in a bungalow further along the river, in a nice secluded part.

Diana and I were soon to set up house in Shepherd's Bush and our fortunes were inextricable for the next decade.

He had even established a system for sending money home to their families once they had set up house in this country.

I have to save enough money to set up house .

The two new Mr and Mrs Kim-Soons set up house next door.

They set up house in No. 93, which was now to let.

set up shop

Dr. Rosen closed his downtown practice and set up shop in a suburban neighborhood.

Jack got his law degree, then set up shop as a real estate lawyer.

At the age of 22 he set up shop in Sweeting's Alley, which was near the Royal Exchange.

Each failed when a dispute arose and some group walked out of the union to set up shop down the block.

My body and the kindly Earth have set up shop against me.

NxtWave opted not to set up shop in Silicon Valley and instead chose Langhorne.

S., new steel mills are setting up shop .

The two Yankees started the business set up shop right where you see it.

Wade Smith was given salesman of the year in January and promptly left to set up shop on his own.

set yourself up as sth

After all, she was the one who'd set herself up as Jett's little helper.

Everyone thinks he can set himself up as a dramatic critic.

He set himself up as a one-man cult.

It's not that he wishes to set himself up as a leader.

Roads and Traffic in Urban Areas has, by its own proclamation, set itself up as the Bible for traffic planners.

She was too young to be setting herself up as the devoted handmaiden to the great man.

Why do they set themselves up as tradesmen if that's all they're going to do?

shape up or ship out

shin up/down

Craig shinned down the rope to where we were standing.

I locked myself out of the house and had to shinny up a drainpipe to get in.

We watched as small boys shinned up palm trees and brought coconuts down.

Boys and girls shinned up trees to 10p off branches.

But can not phone him from Twills as Mr Twill would insist on shinning up drainpipe himself and break femur.

Dave shinned up a handy conifer.

He nodded encouragement to his fellows, and they shinned up after him and dropped down into the stockade.

Maintenance men could tell whether a pole - wooden or concrete - is dangerously cracked before shinning up it.

No fire-escape, no convenient drainpipe anyone could shin up.

Nothing as cheap as an open window or shinning down a drainpipe at midnight or down paying a suitcase full of bricks.

The animal was so tame that it shinned up his leg and dived into a deep pocket.

shinny up/down

His brother was eight and spent two days learning how to shinny up to the office.

The boy panicked and tried more desperately to shinny up the mast.

shoot sb/sth ↔ up

shoot up (sth)

But it was his elf face which shot up.

Fists shot up, some holding dinner pails in the air like flags.

However, as soon as he struck off one of its heads another two shot up in its place.

I righted myself and pain shot up my right leg as I put weight on it.

If interest rates shoot up, stocks and bonds usually fall in price.

The father nodded, his eyebrows shot up.

Thus subscription prices were shooting up and cutting off thousands of readers who could no longer afford them.

show sb ↔ up

show sth ↔ up

shut (sb) up

Goddamn it, Eustis, can you just for once in your empty-headed, godforsaken life shut yourself up!

He shut himself up in his palace and let matters go as they would.

He claims it was a mole but I know it was him - what can I do to shut him up?

I want to shut them up about the pound-for-pound thing.

It goes on-this urge to shut people up.

Parker punched his head to shut him up.

The biggest appetite I had was for words, and these guys shut me up entirely.

Unsettled by the riddle, Mungo finally decided that Jos had probably shut him up just to get some peace.

shut sb up

Can't you shut those kids up?

The only way to shut her up is to give her something to eat.

Goddamn it, Eustis, can you just for once in your empty-headed, godforsaken life shut yourself up!

He shut himself up in his palace and let matters go as they would.

He claims it was a mole but I know it was him - what can I do to shut him up?

I want to shut them up about the pound-for-pound thing.

It goes on-this urge to shut people up.

Parker punched his head to shut him up.

The biggest appetite I had was for words, and these guys shut me up entirely.

Unsettled by the riddle, Mungo finally decided that Jos had probably shut him up just to get some peace.

shut sth ↔ up

Goddamn it, Eustis, can you just for once in your empty-headed, godforsaken life shut yourself up!

He shut himself up in his palace and let matters go as they would.

He claims it was a mole but I know it was him - what can I do to shut him up?

I want to shut them up about the pound-for-pound thing.

It goes on-this urge to shut people up.

Parker punched his head to shut him up.

The biggest appetite I had was for words, and these guys shut me up entirely.

Unsettled by the riddle, Mungo finally decided that Jos had probably shut him up just to get some peace.

shut up shop

But as shopping habits changed many traders shut up shop and moved out blaming recession, traffic restrictions and fewer bus routes.

I think we should shut up shop , if you don't mind.

It's not like being on shore where once the patients are gone you shut up shop and go home.

Keith Rodwell, Ipswich Witches' commercial manager, shuts up shop after last night's match with Wolverhampton was rained off.

They need ways of shutting up shop , or at least of enduring, when conditions are simply impossible.

Time to shut up shop and get to know each other again.

We might just as well shut up shop .

shut up shop

But as shopping habits changed many traders shut up shop and moved out blaming recession, traffic restrictions and fewer bus routes.

I think we should shut up shop, if you don't mind.

It's not like being on shore where once the patients are gone you shut up shop and go home.

Keith Rodwell, Ipswich Witches' commercial manager, shuts up shop after last night's match with Wolverhampton was rained off.

They need ways of shutting up shop, or at least of enduring, when conditions are simply impossible.

Time to shut up shop and get to know each other again.

We might just as well shut up shop.

shut up!

Just shut up, you two!

sign sb ↔ up

sit sb up

sit up (and take notice)

After a bit they sat up and watched the welcome breeze work like an animal through the silver-green barley.

Carol was dying, and he cried out in his sleep and sat up trembling with cold sweats in the heat.

He sat up and stared at the sky in wonder.

I sat up, wondering what the hell!

I was still groggy, but I could sit up.

Léonie sat up straight, tucked her feet to one side, put her hands round her knees.

They sat up side by side in the bed, naked, listening, but Valerie no longer felt safe.

smarten up your act/ideas

Despite the encouraging figures, the Chunnel has prompted ferry companies to smarten up their act, and offer better deals.

smarten yourself up

Smarten up! It's time for inspection.

Jeremy, go smarten yourself up before dinner.

She's smartening herself up in the ladies' room.

soak up the sun/rays/sunshine etc

As well as soaking up the sun, Emma says she's particularly looking forward to scuba diving and swimming in Stingray City.

But everyone enjoyed the opportunity to relax, socialise and soak up the sun.

Elena Fonti lay on the beach soaking up the sun.

Others will take it easier, relax in the garden and soak up the sun.

She had lain with Maggie beside the swimming pool and had let her whole body soak up the sun.

The perfect setting for relaxing and soaking up the sun.

Where fishermen once set out to sea, now travellers stop to soak up the sun which bakes the sandy shores.

Without it, the green machinery that soaks up the sun's energy is starved.

speak up for sb

You'll have to learn to speak up for yourself.

Did they make fun of him for speaking up for the underdog in school?

Ella Anderson speaks up for tulips.

Erlend, six years younger, needed some one to speak up for him, sometimes.

He was to celebrate the inauguration in Florida speaking up for the black voters who feel disenfranchised.

If those with inside knowledge of the facts didn't speak up for Britain, who the hell would?

My captor found no reply to this, but luckily a Monster Fish Maiden spoke up for him.

She identified with them, spoke up for them, tackled situations others had avoided.

Who actually speaks up for the vulnerable older person?

split sth ↔ up

square up to sb/sth

stack sth ↔ up

stand sb up

stand up and be counted

I do not want to stand up and be counted as a supporter of those demands.

Those who admire her should stand up and be counted.

We really need more help from you good men to stand up and be counted!

step sth ↔ up

sth is not all/everything it's cracked up to be

stick 'em up

stoke sth ↔ up

stoke up on/with sth

stoke up sth

stop sth ↔ up

store up trouble/problems etc

Mahmud may have bought time for himself, but he stored up trouble for his successors.

straight up

A thin crack running straight up the wall had appeared.

At this point, the base of the golf club should point straight up into the air.

Ben earns $10,000 a month, straight up.

The rocket shot straight up and exploded overhead.

The towers of the hospital rose straight up from the edge of the highway.

This is your second time at this college, straight up?

straighten sth ↔ up

strike up (sth)

Alone and friendless, she had struck up a casual friendship with Dermot as he showed her Dublin.

Demonstrators will attempt to surround the police, strike up conversations and present them with letters.

I recalled he had struck up an intimate conversation with her in the lobby after breakfast.

Others prefer to strike up a conversation with table mates.

Particularly with the Liberals, who struck up a sort of Bucharest-Ettrick Bridge accord.

Peggy and James strike up a friendship.

Shy but cordial friendships were struck up, which Mrs Thomlinson was powerless to prevent or subvert.

The orchestra struck up a polonaise, the lights strung on trees glistened in the garden, the tables groaned with food.

strike up a friendship/relationship/conversation etc

At that time Worsley, who is married to Moody, had also struck up a friendship with Nance.

Besides, Anna had struck up a conversation with a young girl who'd been swimming in the pool.

Demonstrators will attempt to surround the police, strike up conversations and present them with letters.

Eleanor wrote back wittily and they struck up a friendship.

He struck up a conversation, first asking his name.

He and Matthew struck up a friendship - they had something in common; their attitude to life.

Others prefer to strike up a conversation with table mates.

Peggy and James strike up a friendship.

sum sb/sth ↔ up

sum sth ↔ up

sum sth ↔ up

sweep sb ↔ up

take sth ↔ up

take sth ↔ up

take sth ↔ up

take sth ↔ up

take sth ↔ up

take up residence

He left the country in December to take up residence in Panama.

In 1951 he took up residence in Chicago.

In 1953 Diem took up residence at a monastery in Belgium.

He's about to take up residence at Hertford College, Oxford.

He was only a few weeks away from his ninetieth birthday when pneumonia again took up residence in his weary lungs.

In 1858 a wild rabbit takes up residence in the garden.

One of them has taken up residence in a hut in Roche's garden.

The Dee at Chester was fishable but the only action was from 40 cormorants who have taken up residence above the weir.

The labs' distant agents are Kurds who have taken up residence in the West.

They take up residence in some numbers in marsh and swampland.

take up the cudgels (on behalf of sb/sth)

take up/pick up the slack

take/put up with shit (from sb)

tart yourself up/get tarted up

tear up an agreement/a contract etc

that (about) sums it up

This was their task but that sums it up too simply.

the balloon goes up

We don't want you being left behind in Mbarara if the balloon goes up.

the game's up

the opening up of sth

Again the opening up of public procurement procedures should result in a significant increase in intra-EC trade and industry re-structuring.

By 1895 she had attained the opening up of Lincoln's Inn Fields to the poor.

Over the next generation the first phase of the opening up of inland industrial Britain proceeded.

Searching out high-quality old timber is a big factor in the opening up of pristine forests.

Taylor said the opening up of opportunities for minorities in television would lead to more opportunities in films.

The combination of these influences has encouraged the opening up of the airwaves to competition.

the pace hots up

Remember this when the pace hots up!

the thumbs up/down

But the docs just gave me the thumbs up.

East Kilbride celebrates as tyre plant proposal given the thumbs down.

I can see it now: In toga and laurel wreath, Big Al will give the thumbs up or thumbs down.

In Grampian, 80 percent. of general practitioners gave it the thumbs down.

London movie-goers gave Glengarry Glen Ross, about cut-throat estate agents, the thumbs up this week.

The Dole campaign has not yet given the thumbs up, preferring to wait for the results of Super Tuesday.

The question, which had been popped earlier on the stadium's electronic scoreboard, got the thumbs up.

Top analysts gave it the thumbs up and prices took off.

the wrong way up

throw sth ↔ up

throw sth ↔ up

throw sth ↔ up

throw sth ↔ up

throw up your hands (in horror/dismay etc)

But instead of throwing up her hands and blaming the problem on organizational chaos, she stepped back and analyzed the situation.

Davide had seen the priests, who had shrugged and thrown up their hands indolently at the laundress's problem.

Even his most recent wife, Mercedes, had thrown up her hands.

He rounded the bend nearest the building, and nearly dropped the branch for throwing up his hands in frustration.

Here Abie threw up his hands at the ignorance of policemen.

Jenny exclaimed to E.. Ames, throwing up her hands.

Paul Reichmann threw up his hands in protest at the suggestion, but did not utter a sound.

Then they throw up their hands, wondering why the benefits they have been pursuing never seem to accrue.

tie sb ↔ up

tie sth ↔ up

tie sth ↔ up

tie sth ↔ up

tie sth ↔ up

tie up loose ends

His new movie will tie up some of the loose ends from the last one.

There are still a few loose ends to tie up before we have an agreement.

tie yourself (up) in knots

Sharon has tied herself up in knots worrying about her job.

tune sth ↔ up

turn sth ↔ up

turn sth ↔ up

turn sth ↔ up

turn up like a bad penny

turn your nose up (at sth)

Many professors turn their noses up at television.

Time and again he had to turn his nose up into the arch of the drain to keep from drowning.

two/three etc doors away/down/up

Across the world, or two doors down the corridor.

Freda Berkeley misses her and another neighbour, the writer Patrick Kinross, who lived two doors away.

He thanked the colonel for the interview and returned doggedly to his pistol lessons in the basement range two doors away.

He tried the house opposite, and was told two doors down.

I took the keenest pleasure in expelling Phetlock from my old office, two doors down from the Oval.

Mr Potts and the matrons left them in the church and went to stay two doors away, in a hotel.

The guest room's two doors down the corridor.

The second was in another bin beside the Argos showroom two doors away.

up front

He's always up front and willing to admit his mistakes.

I paid the builders £100 up front and will give them the rest when the job's finished.

I told you up front that I didn't want to be in a relationship with anyone.

Karen is always very up front with her boyfriends.

The company's directors have been surprisingly up front about their financial problems.

The only people who laughed were the American soldiers who sat up front .

We've got to have the money up front before we can do anything.

We've had so many unpaid bills that we've started to demand payment up front .

Why don't you sit up front with the driver so you can give him directions.

up north

up sticks

Do your homework before applying to permanently up sticks .

He picks up sticks and sits down to eat them.

I couldn't up sticks and away, which I might have done otherwise - regretting it afterwards.

Maybe we up sticks and move to another, better part of the country to cool out.

You will then have the right specimens ready and waiting whenever anyone decides to up sticks and move.

up the spout

She had been continually up the spout , or over the moon, about some one or something.

That's why these computerized route-finders are going up the spout and taking the Glories towards Monument Hill.

up the wall

Blow up the wall with the explosives. 22.

Giant red cockroaches walking up the walls , and even an my table.

He hoped she wouldn't turn fickle when he was half way up the wall .

Her pillow inched up the wall .

Such abstract philosophizing drives true poets around the bend, up the wall , and over the top.

The vine clawed its way up the wall at the end.

This simplifies fitting around awkward shapes. 2 Lay the vinyl in place with surplus curling up the wall .

up to a point

That's true, up to a point .

And, up to a point , the conventional wisdom is right.

I could be perfectly reasonable up to a point , but Cynthia Kay had gone too far.

Planning may be useful, but only up to a point .

She was, up to a point .

That is true, but only up to a point .

The curriculum would follow the classical model, though only up to a point .

The snorer knows that actual suffering is the lot of some one near and, up to a point , dear.

up to scratch

A growing number of workers are put on short-term contracts which are renewed only if their work is up to scratch .

His grammar and accent were not up to scratch , and he kept running to the airport.

So do feel free to change anything that strikes you as not up to scratch .

That today's pop culture isn't up to scratch ?

The couple told stunned housing officials that the three-bedroom flat simply was not up to scratch for their needs.

up to snuff

A few of these devices should be exploded every year to test whether the refurbishing is working up to snuff .

It is the kind of work that museums do to conserve their furniture collections and bring their acquisitions up to snuff .

Semiconductor, software and computer companies slumped in price because of concern that earnings may not be up to snuff .

up to speed

For most newcomers to the rough-and-tumble Big East, it can take some time to get up to speed .

I called some of my friends and asked them, informally to try to bring the two consultants up to speed .

It may not be happening fast enough, but the winds of societal change take a while to get up to speed .

It took the company a year to bring them up to speed .

Thank you, George W.. Bush, for bringing the majority of voters up to speed .

To bring consumers up to speed , telephone companies are revving up education campaigns.

up to the/your eyeballs in sth

up/raise the ante

Sanctions upped the ante considerably in the Middle East crisis.

Creating an economic asset in the form of a parental dividend would obviously up the ante in these kinds of contentious issues.

Logan said, referring to the Colorado Avalanche star whose $ 21-million contract upped the ante for Kariya.

Looking to the future, however, the Forest Service decided to up the ante next time around.

Palmer's contribution was to up the ante .

Sometimes the parents upped the ante .

The group mind plays Pong so well that Carpenter decides to up the ante .

The owners are constantly carping about runaway salaries, then fall over themselves to jump the gun and up the ante .

What they are now doing is compromising, in this half-baked manner, by raising the ante to 70.

wake up and smell the coffee

While the field has changed with rent control nearly quashed, wake up and smell the coffee of a new day.

wash sth ↔ up

way around/round/up

A possible way round this problem has been suggested by Sen and others.

Or was it the other way round?

See diversion sign and ask B if he knows the best way around it.

She hoped he would find another way up, but this thought still was the central meaning of his whimpers.

Some people, at bottom, really want the world to take care of them, rather than the other way around.

They think they gon na talk their way up on it.

When we find ways around the size of the school, the ultimate reward is a climate that fosters Community.

whoop it up

Drunken fans whooped it up in the streets.

wind sb ↔ up

wind sth ↔ up

wind sth ↔ up

wind sth ↔ up

work sb up

work sth ↔ up

work up an appetite/a thirst/a sweat

work up enthusiasm/interest/courage etc

wrap sb (up) in cotton wool

wrap sth ↔ up

wrap up warm

She's all wrapped up warm with this big old coat on.

EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

"Where is Alex?" "He's up in his room."

Are you able to see up there or do you need a flashlight?

Caroline looked up and laughed.

Darryl climbed up onto the roof.

Elaine brought up the issue of childcare.

Everyone stood up for the national anthem.

He came right up and asked my name.

He was pointing his rifle straight up in the air.

I found some old pictures of my mother up in the attic.

I picked up as many of the beads as I could find.

I walked up to the counter and demanded my money back.

Larry's hair was sticking straight up .

Let's cover up the machinery just in case it rains.

Let's just add up these figures quickly.

Make sure this side of the box is facing up .

My cousins live up north.

Put the picture higher up on the wall.

The boy turned and stared up at her.

The closet's completely filled up with all Mia's old clothes.

The helicopter hovered up above us.

II. noun

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

(keep your) chin up!

Keep your chin up! We'll get through this together!

(right) up your street

Mrs Marriot was a woman up our street who used to sell things in her front room.

So, if that sounds up your street , get your Peak Performance subscription in soon!

This sort of thing should be right up your street .

Wait up!

back sb/sth ↔ up

back sb/sth ↔ up

bark up the wrong tree

You're barking up the wrong tree if you think Sam can help you.

Can't help thinking that they are on the right track and it's we who are barking up the wrong tree.

Could he once again be barking up the wrong tree?

However, those who advocate a federal takeover of workers' compensation are barking up the wrong tree.

In retrospect it now seems that both camps were barking up the wrong tree.

People who feel sorry for my old bridesmaid and travelling companion are barking up the wrong tree.

They have maybe barked up the wrong tree.

be (just) coming up to sth

A period when he was almost dead is coming up to the surface.

He had a horrible premonition that she was coming up to Rome.

Manion was coming up to his freeway exit.

be badly cut up

be booked up

I'm all booked up this week, but I can see you on Monday.

Both of the safari buses were booked up solid for the month after that.

But all flights were booked up.

His courses in Wengen and Tignes can be booked up through Supertravel: 01-584 5060.

Nicholas Hytner is booked up years ahead on both opera and theatre.

So it's no surprise that a safety seminar for women was booked up within days of being announced.

be bound up in sth

Jim's too bound up in his own worries to be able to help us.

The history of music is, of course, bound up with the development of musical instruments.

All our limitations are bound up in our intellectual mind with its boundaries and imperfections and its tendency to emotional distortion.

Although activists take on global economic and political issues, their affiliations, allegiances and loyalties are bound up in local communities.

Extension cords that looked frayed or suspicious were bound up in Scotch cellophane tape.

Moral and economic rights are bound up in the concept of copyright.

More usually, the body was bound up in a folded position, with the knees under the chin.

The victim of horrendous physical and emotional abuse, she was failed by all those who were bound up in her care.

These very weak stones are rich in water, which is bound up in both hydrated salts and clay minerals.

be bound up with sth

A most sacred obligation was bound up with a most atrocious crime.

According to a long and dominant tradition, the physical is bound up with the spatial.

But they were important in their time, and their families were bound up with Fred Taylor all his life.

Human rights in general and the right to communicate in particular are bound up with the notion of democracy.

It is bound up with the family as a whole.

The doctrine of precedent is bound up with the need for a reliable system of law reporting.

This therefore brings me to the second reason why democracy is bound up with a measure of economic and social equality.

be bunged up

be burning up

Although it was cold and the air was running out, she was burning up.

In the on-line world, customers were burning up the lines.

In these circumstances, it should be roughly assumed that you would be burning up around 2,000 calories a day.

Think about the calories you are burning up - 200 for every 30 minute walk!

be climbing/crawling (up) the walls

Realizes he is moving in her desperately, as if he is climbing the walls of a closed building.

be coming up

Alison's birthday is coming up.

Don't forget you've got exams coming up in a couple of weeks' time.

Don't forget you have a test coming up on Thursday.

I'm pretty busy right now -- I have exams coming up next week.

Our 12th annual Folk Festival is coming up again soon.

With Christmas coming up, we didn't have much spare money.

Evidently the emergency unit was coming up First, right at us.

Gripping the over head chrome rail, he stooped forward as if to see what street was coming up.

Shops were coming up for sale all over the precinct.

Some faces shone white in the moonlight that was coming up behind a copse.

The sun was coming up as we drove away from Sobey's.

The sun was coming up, or had already come up, and the heavy mists wore a pearlescent glow.

The wind was coming up and there was weather to port. ` Sailing is the perfect antidote for age, Reyes.

When I got out of prison again I went to a hostel in Manchester and he was coming up there all the time.

be coming up roses

be doped (up)

I still half expect the food to be doped .

In February five greyhounds were found to be doped after an £60,000 multi-bet coup in the first race at Canterbury.

Kerr-McGee charged she was doped up with Quaaludes.

be dragged up

Everything that can be dragged up as a skeleton on Mugabe and his underlings must be dragged up.

Her frozen limbs were dragged up an impressively wide staircase and then along a hallway.

I assume a lot of people will laugh at Morrissey for this and the Glastonbury thing will be dragged up again.

The whale will be dragged up its main ramp and butchered.

be drugged up to the eyeballs

be eaten up with/by jealousy/anger/curiosity etc

be got up as/in sth

More visionary railway schemes were got up in the inter-war years.

be gunged up with sth

be gunked up (with sth)

be inextricably linked/bound up/mixed etc

For in fact political theories, doctrines or ideologies, and political action are inextricably bound up with each other.

In her mind the murder and the attack at the Chagall museum were inextricably bound up with the secret of the Durances.

It makes you understand that you are inextricably bound up with each other and that your fortunes depend on one another.

Within the workplace inequality and conflict are inextricably bound up, irrespective of the relationship between particular managements and workforces.

be laid up (with sth)

All was safely gathered in and Mr and Mrs Squirrel Nutkin's hoard was laid up for winter's sustenance.

How much land must you commit to arable rotation, and how much must be laid up for hay or silage?

I don't know how long I shall be laid up with this wretched ankle.

In those days all the cutters were laid up on the trot piles in the river Hamble during the winter months.

It was, and Venturous was laid up at Buckie for nearly ten months while new Cummins engines were fitted.

Large numbers of nuclear-powered submarines are laid up at a harbour near Murmansk.

She had never got used to the hours since John had been made redundant when all the ships were laid up.

The barges, designed to be sailed by one man and a boy, could be laid up in a few days.

be locked up (in sth)

All the back-benchers lit Parliament were locked up along with the six ministers at State House.

His fa-ther was locked up somewhere in a place called Applegate.

I was locked up for nine years, you know that?

It was locked up somewhere round at the back.

Much more was locked up in that house than the storeroom at its core.

That's what Lee had gone home to check, that Caspar was locked up.

be made up

be made up to captain/manager etc

be one up (on sb)/get one up on sb

be penned up/in

be pushing up (the) daisies

It's lucky I was sent here, to Hepzibah, or I'd be pushing up daisies .

be pushing up (the) daisies

It's lucky I was sent here, to Hepzibah, or I'd be pushing up daisies.

be right up there (with sb/sth)

He was right up there on Herron Avenue.

Northampton are right up there in second place.

Number of sunny days is right up there for me, too.

On the trauma scale, this was right up there with an automobile wreck.

be tied up

"May I speak to Professor Smithers?" "I'm sorry. He's tied up at the moment."

I'm sorry, he's tied up at the moment. Could you call back later?

I can't see you tomorrow, I'm tied up all day.

Her hair was tied up in a hair net and the hat was removed and placed to the right of her chest.

Its fixed-interest bond pays 11.50 percent net provided the money is tied up for at least 12 months.. Key move on cards.

Most of this is tied up in grants, salaries and existing programmes, some of them five years long.

No point in fixing dates when television's cameras are tied up elsewhere.

On completion day, the legal ends are tied up, you collect the keys and move into your new home.

Our identity is tied up with being some one who never achieves these goals.

The others were tied up with sickness, special duties, leave and - a key problem - court attendance.

The Tin Woodman and the Scarecrow are destroyed, and the Lion is tied up in your yard.

be tied up

Her hair was tied up in a hair net and the hat was removed and placed to the right of her chest.

Its fixed-interest bond pays 11.50 percent net provided the money is tied up for at least 12 months.. Key move on cards.

Most of this is tied up in grants, salaries and existing programmes, some of them five years long.

No point in fixing dates when television's cameras are tied up elsewhere.

On completion day, the legal ends are tied up, you collect the keys and move into your new home.

Our identity is tied up with being some one who never achieves these goals.

The others were tied up with sickness, special duties, leave and - a key problem - court attendance.

The Tin Woodman and the Scarecrow are destroyed, and the Lion is tied up in your yard.

be tied up with sth

Christianity in Africa is tied up with its colonial past.

Apart from that, everyone else is tied up with this extraordinary business at the Savoy.

For many, aspiration to higher things through promotion was tied up with the idea of a larger wage-packet.

Our identity is tied up with being some one who never achieves these goals.

Some of these are tied up with the conception of crime itself; and will be dealt with in the next section.

The others were tied up with sickness, special duties, leave and - a key problem - court attendance.

The trouble is, he's going to be tied up with all this now.

be tucked up in bed

At about midnight when all the children were tucked up in bed we visited the Grotto.

Five minutes later she was tucked up in bed, sleeping happily once again, while Jake had retreated to his little ante-room.

Most girls never drink or smoke, and are tucked up in bed by midnight.

Next day John is tucked up in bed at his flat in Tufnell Park.

be well up in/on sth

But deep inside there was a brooding that was welling up in him.

By eight o'clock, when the first pair was due to tee off, the sun was well up in a clear sky.

be wrapped up in sth

Blake was to be wrapped up in this sooty, surreptitious London nearly all his life.

Each item of information is wrapped up in two lines of the file.

He said the whole thing could be wrapped up in a week.

I was wrapped up in an officer's uniform; you couldn't see me for fur and leather.

On the other hand, I think many of my successes are wrapped up in the same thing.

The control was wrapped up in some interdependent web.

The time was past ten, kids were wrapped up in their beds, and parents were probably about to retire themselves.

be written up

It got a lot of airplay from John Peel, and was written up extensively by the music press.

Parliamentary proceedings are written up and published in the daily Hansard.

Previously Venturous had been a noteworthy arrival to be written up in the local press.

Results of investigations and the like will need to be written up.

Several points were discussed; these will be written up more fully in the minutes.

The incident was written up in the local newspaper.

The research will be written up as it proceeds, and will be published in 1986.

Their pecuniary interests were probably greater than their antiquarian ones, and their errors were written up by the historian.

be/come up against a (brick) wall

She swam in what she hoped was the direction of the stairs, only to come up against a wall .

be/come up against sb/sth

A ripple of crowd laughter came up against the breeze from the direction of the main grandstands.

And what do you do when to come up against a brick wall?

At every turn workers found themselves coming up against the State.

Here, Wade realized, he had come up against a few firm truths.

In every direction he came up against his own incompleteness.

The acts were not just reluctant to offend, but even to probe beyond the first middle-class convention they came up against .

Together, they come up against an extraordinarily barbaric state bureaucracy and not a few disappointments.

What you have here is a situation where custom and convention comes up against constitutional guarantees.

be/get caught up in sth

We get caught up in the commercial aspects of Christmas.

And that headdress would get caught up in the overhead wires, you silly boy.

I am painfully aware of how we get caught up in our times and become contaminated by our own hypocrisy.

I thought at one time it might be caught up in the Christmas post.

Kenetech got caught up in that.

Landowners who get caught up in this bureaucratic runaround receive no compensation for their economic loss as a result of wetland determination.

Rather than just evolving in a gradual, uniform manner, the earth may actually be caught up in a repeating cycle.

Some of these girls get caught up in this freedom idea.

When this is augmented by oddly tangential keyboard sounds it's an enjoyable little maelstrom to be caught up in.

be/get mixed up in sth

A straight-laced Wall Street banker gets mixed up in one ludicrous misunderstanding after another in George Gallo's screwball comedy.

Everything else about this journey is starting to get mixed up in my head.

He defended me and Eddie when we got mixed up in a couple of scrapes.

He had to be mixed up in the Cicero Club.

Her son's got mixed up in it, probably demonstrated yesterday with the Socialists outside the Town Hall.

I still do not want to get mixed up in any Indochina decision....

It was nothing to do with her, and whatever it was she didn't want to be mixed up in it.

We weren't going to get mixed up in a job, when we were going home off duty.

be/get mixed up with sb

Answer: She would never have got mixed up with him in the first place.

But this all gets mixed up with motivation too: the horse must be motivated to learn.

I am beginning to get mixed up with the days of the month.

It's an odd business and it seems to be mixed up with Edwin Garland's will.

Of all the people you do not want to get mixed up with he is the first and the last.

Then Conley got mixed up with Charlie Keating and somehow lost millions of dollars, eventually ending up bankrupt.

Trust Auguste to get mixed up with it.

We used to get mixed up with the fight.

be/get togged up/out

The blokes all put on frocks, like, an' the chicks get togged up in strides.

beat sb ↔ up

beat up on sb

I used to beat up on my brothers when we were kids.

Everybody beat up on him because he made the team.

She's never going to get anywhere if she tries to beat up on males, especially a catch like me.

There was no need to take the time to beat up on the new pioneers.

They just love beating up on architects.

beat yourself up

big it up

big up (to/for) sb

blow sth (up) out of (all) proportion

This case has been blown totally out of proportion because of the media attention.

The issue was blown far out of proportion.

blow sth ↔ up

blow sth ↔ up

blow up in sb's face

It was kind of funny watching the presentation blow up in Harry's face.

Kristin knew that if anyone found out, the whole thing could blow up in her face.

Auditors some-times miss big potential problems that blow up in the face of bondholders.

But I also fear that this encryption stuff is so powerful it could blow up in my face.

Having opted for a formation that he thought would beat Leicester, David O Leary saw it blow up in his face.

Liable blow up in their faces.

Not only could be, but would be, and the whole thing would blow up in my face.

Nothing of its kind had ever been done before, and it could have blown up in his face.

When the clothes iron blows up in your face.

boil sth ↔ up

bottoms up!

break sb up

break sth ↔ up

break sth ↔ up

break sth ↔ up

bring sb up short/with a start

buck up!

buck your ideas up

Meanwhile, both Severiano Ballesteros and Jose-Maria Olazabal had bucked their ideas up.

build sb/sth ↔ up

build sb/sth ↔ up

build sth ↔ up

build up sb's hopes

burn sb up

burn sth ↔ up

burn sth ↔ up

bust sth ↔ up

bust sth ↔ up

call sb ↔ up

call sb ↔ up

call sth ↔ up

call sth ↔ up

camp it up

cause/kick up/make etc a stink

It's financial clout that counts or, failing that, kicking up a stink .

It's for your protection, so that you have the union behind you if Mellowes kicks up a stink .

It will still contain plenty of business and mortgage borrowers to kick up a stink about base rates.

chalk it up to experience

cheer sth ↔ up

choke sb up

choke sth ↔ up

churn sth ↔ up

churn sth ↔ up

clean sth ↔ up

clean up your act

Gwen finally told her troubled son to clean up his act or get out of her house.

She told her son to clean up his act or move out.

Tish has really cleaned up her act - she doesn't drink or smoke pot any more.

But he eventually sees their potential and cleans up his act just in time.

Citibank insists it has cleaned up its act.

Despite Mr Haider's grandiose, unbelievable last-minute pledges to clean up his act, there should be no wavering.

Drivers whose vehicles give off more poisonous chemicals than are allowed have ten days to clean up their act.

Legislation aimed at forcing the power firms to clean up their act is being fought tooth and nail by the polluters.

More recently Lou has cleaned up his act and started setting the world to rights.

Naming and shaming remains an option should the company not clean up its act.

The industry was effectively warned to clean up its act or face legislation.

clear sth ↔ up

close sth ↔ up

close sth ↔ up

close up shop

Finnegan's Bar is closing up shop after 35 years.

Some of the big ad agencies close up shop early for the holidays.

A few companies closed up shop in California.

And retailers, caught betwixt the two, were perplexed and losing money, if not closing up shop for good.

At one stage, he considered closing up shop for good.

close up/up close/close to

come on in/over/up etc

A light suddenly comes on in the closet, revealing the hidden police officers Loach and Escobar.

Automatic lights had come on in various parts of the house.

It sometimes comes on in the open air.

It sounded good, it felt good to say, it made lights come on in my mouth.

Lights came on in the Mootwalk shops as one by one they began to open.

Street lights were starting to come on in the distance, crimson slivers slowly brightening to orange.

Suddenly, all the lights came on in the hospital and they eventually opened a side-door and let her in.

Sure, I said, come on over.

come out of sth/come up smelling of roses

come up for discussion/examination/review etc

BUndeterred, the group is revising its proposal and plans to contest every license that comes up for review.

come up for election/re-election/selection etc

At each two-yearly election one-third of the Senate comes up for re-election.

It affects us all and its practitioners do not come up for re-election every five years.

come up short

We've been to the state tournament four times, but we've come up short every time.

He struck the ball tentatively, and it came up short .

I went home, wanting to do something very special, but came up short .

If we keep coming up short , tax the Patagonians.

Judged by their own standards, they came up short .

Kansas played well for 38 minutes but came up short in the end.

Riley keeps coming up short , but insists on coming right back to pound the same hammer with the same nail.

This analysis often reveals why some groups regularly succeed and others regularly come up short .

We're so close to getting the job done, but we keep coming up short .

come up with the goods/deliver the goods

Neil Young's annual fall concert always delivers the goods with famous musicians and good music.

come/turn up trumps

And a dream come true ... The advert for grandparents that came up trumps .

Conrad Allen came up trumps again, finishing fourth in the boys 800 metres in a personal best 2 mins. 22.

Ibanez seem to have taken another daring step in their continuing success story and come up trumps once again.

In part two: Four of a kind ... Durnin plays the winning hand as United come up trumps against Luton.

You've come up trumps , Derek.

coming (right) up!

cough sth ↔ up

cover sth ↔ up

cover sth ↔ up

cover up for sb

High ranking military men were covering up for the murderers.

And start covering up for them.

By lying and covering up for her husband, the wife provides negative reinforcement for his violence.

Heaven only knows what else you've done that Paige has covered up for.

The persistent tendency to cover up for our lack of effectiveness by using vague language must be strongly resisted.

crack (sb) up

All those crack shits shooting up the streets?

It nearly cracked me up and he could see what it did to me.

It used to crack me up.

It was funny, he cracked me up last night.

Maintenance men could tell whether a pole - wooden or concrete - is dangerously cracked before shinning up it.

Most of the humor consists of watching Shore crack himself up with his own Valley garble.

The cloud is like a magnet so the water goes through the cracks and goes up.

criticize/nag/hassle sb up one side and down the other

cut sb ↔ up

cut sb/sth ↔ up

cut sth ↔ up

cut up rough

But he can cut up rough and turn a bit nasty if he's got a mind to.

do sth ↔ up

do sth ↔ up

do sth ↔ up

do yourself up

draw sth ↔ up

draw up a chair

In the funereal chill Vassily drew up a chair and poured us both a drink.

Marshall drew up a chair for her.

Mr Browning drew up a chair for her, as nice as could be, and sat down himself.

When they reached the cafe, Zeinab drew up a chair beside Hargazy.

draw your knees up

He drew his knees up, preparing himself to fight off any further attack.

Paige drew her knees up inside the bag, resting her chin on them.

draw yourself up (to your full height)

dress sth ↔ up

dressed (up) to the nines

Now, remember the elegant woman, always dressed to the nines, with the infectious laugh.

drugged/doped up to the eyeballs

eat sth ↔ up

face up/upwards

He fell across the wall, twisting, face up.

If convicted, they face up to a year in jail and up to a $ 2, 500 fine.

If found guilty, he could face up to two years in jail.

It took time until she could face up to it.

Sabit Brokaj of the Socialist Party faces up to 10 years in prison if convicted.

We must face up to this.

With palms facing upwards, take your arms behind you and hold them as high as possible.

With palms facing upwards, take your arms behind you and pull them towards each other 35 times.

fill (yourself) up

But at the rear, in his camels-hair coat, filling up a comer with his huge body, he was standing.

Fast cars drink petrol, and if you don't fill up often, your roses will become stranded with empty tanks.

From where Nathan was sitting, in a chapel adjacent to the altar, he could hear the cathedral filling up.

He can fill up the lane, earn his minutes and his keep just by being big.

The doc says her lungs are all filled up with water.

The space between them was filling up with unasked and unanswered questions.

To attract crowds large enough to fill up the ornate space, big spectacles were de rigueur.

Well, if you stop to fill up at a motorway service station your dreams could come true.

fill sb up

fill yourself (up)/fill your face

finish sth ↔ up

first up

foul sth ↔ up

fuck sb ↔ up

gather sb to you/gather sb up

gee sb ↔ up

gee up!

get (right) up sb's nose

Darren comes to stay with Nikki and is quick to get up the nose of everyone he meets.

Even reading your horoscope can get up your nose .

I didn't realise it would get up your nose so quickly and so far.

I took her to my room, so that her feathers wouldn't get up Mum's nose .

It had got up Rufus's nose a bit, though Adam had a perfect right to do this.

get (sb) up

Any damned fool can get a plane up in the air.

He could get caught up in the story, so to speak, and little by little begin to forget himself.

I dreaded to think what would happen if the two got mixed up.

I fell down, knocked me walking-frame over and I couldn't get meself up again.

If you get his/her back up, even if you're right, you're dead!

Left unstirred, simmering soup will produce a scum that gets caught up in the eddies.

While attached to Camp Pendleton, however, the Gulf War veteran got swept up in an off-base drug scene.

Your time and my time ... well they've somehow got all mixed up.

get it up

And she's got it up top, an' all.

Energy in one form or another has been invested in it to get it up there.

He'd see it raise slightly, but he couldn't quite get it up.

Probably a child molester, probably couldn't get it up for anything normal.

She won't be able to get it up on her own anyway.

get sb's dander up

Some recent columns have gotten readers' dander up.

get/build up a head of steam

get/pick/build up steam

But Dehlavi takes his time getting up steam , leaving a good 20 minutes of surplus slack in these two hours.

Cons: Just when the bobsled builds up steam , brakes on the track slow it down.

If the economy is picking up steam , the recovery may be nipped in the bud by renewed Fed tightening.

Indications the economy may be picking up steam hurt bonds by sparking concern inflation may accelerate, eroding bonds' fixed payments.

Millionaire publisher Steve Forbes, who is suddenly picking up steam ?

The black-out protest is expected to pick up steam after the president signs the bill.

get/put sb's back up

He treats everyone like children, and that's why he puts people's backs up.

It really gets my back up when salesmen call round to the house.

At Eagle Butte I stopped and got a clamp, got the pipe back up there some way.

He had been around the scene for long enough to know how to manipulate meetings without getting everyone's back up.

If you get his/her back up, even if you're right, you're dead!

She'd even got Bert's back up proper, over his betting and poor old Floss.

Simon naturally put people's backs up.

You got to get back up.

gird (up) your loins

I'm girding up my loins for battle on this tax issue.

We're just unwinding before girding our loins for London.

give it up for sb

give sb a boost (up)

Because the Saints gave an economic boost to the young state, Illinoisans at first greeted them congenially.

Cally had been intimidated by the occasion and Jen wanted to give her a boost .

Fishing industry lands a big boost Scarborough's fishing industry has been given a big boost thanks to shoals of scallops.

He says the government's turnaround on interest and exchange rate policies should give an extra boost to Christmas trading too.

His defeat gives a further boost to Mr Kinnock's already overriding executive majority.

It gave her confidence a boost to know that she had spotted him, and it made her actions easy.

This will give a further boost to the economy.

This will help to cut pollution and save energy and give a valuable boost to the housing market.

give sb up for dead/lost etc

After much searching, the village people gave Kay up for dead.

Gray had been missing for over a year, and his wife was ready to give him up for dead.

It is as if he gave them up for dead when they left Shiloh.

On the thirteenth day, Kasturbai knelt before a sacred plant and prayed; she had given him up for lost.

give sb ↔ up

give sth ↔ up

give sth/sb ↔ up

give up sth

give yourself/sb up

But then, why give them up so abruptly?

But we would not give it up without a desperate struggle.

He is not going to give that up.

I had to give the ball up, and then I had work my butt off to get it back.

I kept starting new regimes, then finding I couldn't give them up.

In return for our consent, he swore he would give it up the day after he won the election.

That's why I want to give it up for adoption.

go belly up

Tim's business went belly up in 1993.

Cooke won a settlement so big that the label went belly up.

Lehman Brothers eventually went belly up.

Two small boys trapped a crab, repeatedly poking it with a stick until it went belly up and played dead.

go piss up a rope!

go up in flames/burst into flames

go up in smoke

After Warrington they've got to be careful or we might be blown up in smoke .

Before she could throw the water into the wastepaper basket, the reports had gone up in smoke .

For the yards owner, it was 25 years of work up in smoke .

If so, what happens when Buckingham Palace, Sandringham or Balmoral go up in smoke ?

Its mosque went up in smoke .

Such deliberation, while the youth of Britain were liable to go up in smoke , outraged many.

That's well over £5,000 up in smoke - or, to be exact, an average £44.66 a month.

Three hundred tons of freshly harvested hay and straw went up in smoke .

go up/come down in the world

grow up!

ham it up

Every year Dad puts on his Santa suit and hams it up for the kids.

For all the kids care he could be Goofy, hamming it up for Mickey Mouse.

Overemphasis, hamming it up, leads to the exaggerations of satire, cartooning, melodrama and farce.

hands up

Gently slide your hands up the back of the skull as you allow his or head to come back down gently.

He brought his hands up to the typewriter keys and forced himself to begin.

She threw her hands up in the air and leaned back, stretching, arching her chest upward.

Singer put both hands up before his face, arms outstretched; he was begging.

Sometimes you have got to hold your hands up and accept that certain players are not right for you.

The next minute the grenade thrower appeared with his hands up.

The police mounted an early-morning assault on his office, and Mr Bucaram came running out with his hands up.

hang sth ↔ up

hang up your hat/football boots/briefcase etc

haul yourself up/out of etc sth

Annie hauls herself out of her chair, nets a shiner from the tank, and throws it out the screen door.

Next day I hauled myself out of bed, took breakfast and got into the truck about a quarter to six.

have an ace up your sleeve

have another card up your sleeve

have something up your sleeve

Don't worry. He still has a few tricks up his sleeve .

have sth sewn up

IBM had the market for electric typewriters sewn up.

For the lawyers have it all sewn up.

The deal between the wholesaler and manufacturer will have been sewn up only minutes before Sanjay accepted his orders.

To have lost a game against the local rivals that should have been sewn up was bad enough.

heads up!

hold sb/sth ↔ up

hold sth ↔ up

hold up sth

hold up your head

He had held up his head in the most exalted company.

How does he hold up his head if he knows his wife is deceiving him?

hold your head up

As a baby she may have had a hard time holding her head up, for example.

Her own cheeks had gone pale; her lids drooped over her eyes; she held her head up in her hand.

How else could a girl hold her head up in her family?

However, Linfield can hold their heads up high.

Just holding my head up like that.

hold/keep your end up

It helped them keep their end up in battle, too, claim historians.

It is difficult to get skips in this age group capable of keeping their end up at this level of competition.

Richter kept his end up by arranging a press visit to Huemul Island on 21 June, 1951.

hook sb up with sth

hurry sb/sth up

hurry up!

Hurry up - we're late!

in (the) front/up front

it all adds up

Still, it all adds up to an interesting polemic.

Twenty hours, $ 14m and 33 actors-it all adds up to...

it's all up (with sb)

It's all up for you then.

keep sb up

Arnold would keep us all up with his long, rambling stories.

I'm often kept up by the noise of laughter and music from next door.

keep sth ↔ up

keep sth ↔ up

keep sth ↔ up

keep up appearances

For now, I can keep up appearances and still go to the same restaurants as my friends.

Of course, he tries to keep up appearances , but he lives entirely off borrowed money.

She put Christmas decorations in the window just to keep up appearances .

A travel iron is useful for keeping up appearances on holiday.

All my efforts were concentrated on keeping up appearances during those two hours of the day when I was with them.

He still took care to be rude and truculent at school to keep up appearances , but the old venom had faded.

Man on the move Everything a man need to keep up appearances while he's away from home.

She just wanted to keep up appearances for the kids.

Sometimes a mood, or a phase of the menstrual cycle, will bring about a definite aversion to keeping up appearances .

They spend all they have to keep up appearances .

We all have to keep up appearances while we wait for the tide to turn.

keep up appearances

A travel iron is useful for keeping up appearances on holiday.

All my efforts were concentrated on keeping up appearances during those two hours of the day when I was with them.

He still took care to be rude and truculent at school to keep up appearances, but the old venom had faded.

Man on the move Everything a man need to keep up appearances while he's away from home.

She just wanted to keep up appearances for the kids.

Sometimes a mood, or a phase of the menstrual cycle, will bring about a definite aversion to keeping up appearances.

They spend all they have to keep up appearances.

We all have to keep up appearances while we wait for the tide to turn.

keep your pecker up

It's going to boil down to keeping your pecker up, looking on the best side of things.

keep your spirits/strength/morale etc up

Crusty Bill boasts he's on a spicy vegetarian diet to keep his strength up for love.

During the war years, it helped keep our spirits up and we need it again now.

He had a strong sense of humour, and kept his spirits up.

I had to keep my strength up.

I told Tansy that she must keep her spirits up, that Rose might be needing her.

She ate a little to keep her strength up.

kick up a fuss/stink/row

It's financial clout that counts or, failing that, kicking up a stink.

It's for your protection, so that you have the union behind you if Mellowes kicks up a stink.

It might be partly because I didn't kick up a fuss when I lost the captaincy.

It will still contain plenty of business and mortgage borrowers to kick up a stink about base rates.

Yet when pedestrianisation was first announced the city's shopkeepers, taxi drivers and disabled groups kicked up a fuss.

kick up your heels

Women in cowgirl outfits kicked up their heels before an audience of 24,000.

BThey kicked up their heels, spun, twirled and got down till dawn.

But perhaps you too are kicking up your heels elsewhere by now.

She deserves to kick up her heels.

This is your chance to kick up your heels and support this group of anonymous women artists.

Women in white boots, short shorts and frilly cowgirl outfits kicked up their heels on it.

large it (up)

A rock so large it must have taken two hands to lift it hit me on the jaw.

His determination is underpinned by a belief that the problem, nomatterhow large it appears to be, can be overcome.

I was surprised by how large it was.

If your business is larger it takes more organisation and record keeping to know what the magic formula is for each customer.

It was looking at me and I marveled at how very large it was.

Some bring aboard luggage so large it has its own wheels.

The load was so large it took 15 agents more than an hour to unpack it.

laugh up your sleeve

launch yourself forwards/up/from etc

With a sari Psepha unfolded his great wings and launched himself from his tree.

lay sth ↔ up

lead sb up the garden path

lever yourself up

light sth ↔ up

light sth ↔ up

lighten up

Hey, lighten up! It's only a game, you know!

line sb/sth ↔ up

line sth ↔ up

line sth ↔ up

live it up

Lisa was living it up like she didn't have a care in the world.

Accountant used cash to live it up.

I am living it up with Survage at the Coq d'Or.

It's no good looking for a man's body round here if the owner's living it up in Costa Rica.

The trim is the shirt; here you can live it up, get a touch more fashionable.

They lived it up while they were on Earth.

This contented canine's living it up.

Under a false identity, he's living it up in Florence, dining out with the aristocracy.

liven sth ↔ up

lock sb ↔ up

lock sth ↔ up

look sb up and down

"Don't be silly - you don't need to lose weight," he said, looking her up and down.

The hotel manager slowly looked the old man up and down and then asked him to leave.

Every day after the first two weeks I would look anxiously up and down the road, hoping to see their car.

Raul looked him up and down, eyes opened wide with derision.

Ron Barton looked her up and down.

She looked him up and down.

She stood there, looking Sherman up and down, as if she were angry.

The eaters were lo-cals; they looked us up and down when we went in.

The guy looked him up and down and then something clicked.

look sb ↔ up

look sth ↔ up

look/feel like death warmed up

make (it) up to sb

For example, a 70 year old person living alone would have their income made up to £53.40 a week.

He would make it up to him, the rector thought.

In California, people making up to $ 40,000 a year qualify for help.

Not so much eating it, really, as making up to it.

The company stands to make up to £7m in fees if it offloads the Dome quickly.

make sb ↔ up

make sth ↔ up

make sth ↔ up

make sth ↔ up

make sth ↔ up

make sth ↔ up

make sth ↔ up

make up for lost time

He's girl crazy! He went to a boys' school and now he's making up for lost time.

The bus driver was speeding to make up for lost time.

After a century or so of political apathy, Hong Kong's young people were making up for lost time.

He was eager to make up for lost time and published prolifically.

Meanwhile Keith and Mae are settling down to married life, making up for lost time.

None the less, we immediately started our other meetings to make up for lost time.

Once I settled into my new life, I did everything I could to make up for lost time.

Time to make up for lost time.

make up leeway

make up sth

Ecosystems in the wild are made up of patches.

I've given him until tomorrow morning to make up his mind.

It is these that make up the matter we see today and out of which we ourselves are made.

It was along this thread of a path that Mary made up her mind to go.

The remaining budget was made up by personal contributions-student loans!-from the team members.

This contains the pattern of dots that, when printed on paper, will make up the actual character.

make up your mind/make your mind up

match sb/sth ↔ up

match up to sb's hopes/expectations/ideals etc

mess sb ↔ up

mess sb ↔ up

mess sth ↔ up

mess sth ↔ up

mix it (up)

Add the ginger wine and, finally, the stem ginger, mixing it in very thoroughly.

He did an excellent job getting some steals, mixing it up and changing the complexion of the game.

I thought we might mix it up this year and try some blues.

Once the required colour has been mixed it is then stored in the palette for use at any time.

Out the window, the last bit of sunlight mixed it up with the lights from the parking lot.

They can't wait to mix it with the opposition!

Upholders of the scientific faith shudder at the implications of having to mix it with such irredeemably subjective and impure elements.

You may find as you mix it that you need to add a bit more water.

move/change/keep up with the times

Motoring: Can R-R keep up with the times ?

The pub has made no attempt to keep up with the times ... no karaoke here ... just conversation.

not add up

There were a few things in his story that didn't add up.

Why had she left the note? It just didn't add up.

Although these sonatas do not add up to music of enormous consequence, Schultz and Schenkman bestow royal treatment upon them.

His promises do not add up.

Now at first glance these figures do not add up.

The Opposition can not add up.

The Racal twins: their share prices just do not add up Outlook.

The right hon. Gentleman's priorities do not add up and he knows it.

They were suspicious about my past, my age and a picture of me that simply did not add up.

not be up to much

Working conditions may not be up to much , and as a casual employee you can be fired at short notice.

not have much up top

not up to the mark

offer (up) a prayer/sacrifice etc

After offering a prayer, the virgin expired.

Can you find somewhere to offer up a prayer? 36.

Each morning the strike council opened business by some one offering a prayer.

So in offering prayers for downtrodden races, I would advise you not to overlook the downtrodden tourist.

They found him and his sons on the shore offering a sacrifice to Poseidon.

open sth ↔ up

open sth ↔ up

pack sth ↔ up

pack sth ↔ up

pick sb up

pick sb up on sth

A Sergeant and four Corporals arrived from Orange to pick us up on the following Monday.

He says they picked it up on the radar and had to take evasive action.

We used to keep it round Nezzer Eyres's and pick it up on Sundays when we wanted it.

When they went off the air in the evening, I picked it up on my program.

pick sb ↔ up

pick sb ↔ up

pick sb ↔ up

pick sth ↔ up

pick sth ↔ up

pick sth ↔ up

pick sth ↔ up

pick sth ↔ up

pick sth ↔ up

pick sth ↔ up

pick sth ↔ up

pick sth ↔ up

pick sth ↔ up

pick sth/sb ↔ up

pick up speed/steam

As they picked up speed along the main tarmac road it was already 3 a.m.

If the economy is picking up steam, the recovery may be nipped in the bud by renewed Fed tightening.

Indications the economy may be picking up steam hurt bonds by sparking concern inflation may accelerate, eroding bonds' fixed payments.

Of course, good melody will sound fine at any tempo, so play slowly and gradually pick up speed.

The black-out protest is expected to pick up steam after the president signs the bill.

The coach picked up speed as it rattled and jolted down to Forty-second Street.

The object thereupon begins to expand, and it will rapidly pick up speed.

pick up the bill/tab (for sth)

The company's picking up the bill for my trip to Hawaii.

After its shareholder equity turned negative last year, parent Dasa started picking up the bills.

But remember - raid your savings now and Santa won't pick up the bill.

Everything depended on contributors picking up the bill in ten, twenty or thirty years.

I wonder to myself as I pick up the tab for breakfast.

In addition, my company will pick up the tab for all legal and moving expenses.

Often, the book publisher, not the author, picks up the tab.

There is a growing, often unstated, anticipation that the private sector will pick up the bill for public services.

When the check comes, the lobbyists almost always pick up the tab.

pick up the pieces (of sth)

The town is beginning to pick up the pieces after the worst mass shooting in U.S. history.

As proved by history, women are the ones who have to pick up the pieces in the aftermath of war.

I picked up the pieces myself.

In her motherly concerned way, she was cosseting him as he tried to pick up the pieces of his life.

In the more stable area people were returning to pick up the pieces of their lives.

It has already made behind-the-scenes preparations to share the job of picking up the pieces.

Then the red mists cleared and she sank to her knees, picking up the pieces, moaning softly.

This hopefully will cause them a fixture congestion around April/May with us hopefully been able to pick up the pieces.

Whimper like a whipped puppy, Jay, have a drink and pick up the pieces.

pick up the threads (of sth)

The good thing is that he's trying to pick up the threads of his life again.

Enough to do picking up the threads of his own life.

She gradually started to pick up the threads of her life.

pick your feet up

Ronnie, stop shuffling and pick your feet up.

pick yourself up

Carol picked herself up and dusted herself off.

A team in such a position is likely to find it hard to pick itself up.

Although he picked himself up and walked away, he knew something was wrong.

He picked himself up and staggered down a corridor.

However, Grimm was already picking himself up, swearing, dusting himself off, retrieving his cap.

I crashed to the ground, picked myself up, and began staggering around the car to the other side.

I fell, picked myself up, lurched forward another yard or two, then fell again.

Shaken and deafened, I picked myself up.

Think of the toddler learning to walk and how often he falls down only to pick himself up and try again.

pile sth ↔ up

play (sb) up

play (sb) up

play sth ↔ up

pluck up (the) courage (to do sth)

After a while, too, some of the more literary residents of Princeton plucked up the courage to speak to him.

But eventually, he plucked up courage to see a solicitor.

But why not pluck up the courage to do what you've always wanted?

Eventually I plucked up courage and booked a ticket to Amsterdam with the sole purpose of getting laid.

I think you should pluck up the courage to invite him out.

Kent suspected that if the fellow ever did pluck up courage to call he would be disappointed.

Nelly begged me not to leave her, and plucking up courage I stayed.

On three occasions he had plucked up the courage to call her, but had never had a reply.

prick (up) its ears

prick (up) your ears

Henry pushed his door open a crack, and pricked up his ears.

I pricked my ears up on that one.

I pricked up my ears, and sure enough, the sound was getting louder.

The boy pricked up his ears, because, as it happened, so they were this earth.

The horse, scenting home and supper, pricked his ears and stepped out.

prop yourself up

I propped myself up against a wall and took a deep breath.

The soldier tried to prop himself up again using his crutches.

Bernice propped herself up and took a bite.

Brian propped himself up on his elbows, suddenly remembering that the alarm had gone off.

He props himself up on one elbow.

Hefinished the last rep and propped himself up on his elbows.

I could see Peter shaking his head in the fairway, as he propped himself up on his sand wedge.

Rufus had propped himself up on one elbow, watching.

She stretched and propped herself up on an elbow, aware that something was not quite right.

We're full of doubts and we try to prop each other up.

pull sb up

I felt I had to pull her up on her lateness.

Our teachers are always pulling us up for wearing the wrong uniform.

pull up a chair/stool etc

Anyway, I pull up a chair by the bed and say hello.

He pulls up a chair as she starts another game.

He now pulled up a chair and, turning it about, sat on it, his elbows resting on the back.

Rose, Victorine, Thérèse and Léonie pulled up chairs to the kitchen table and set to.

She pulls up a stool and sits down next to us, watching intently, still unable to stifle her laughter.

pull up stakes

Our family pulled up stakes every few years when Dad was in the Army.

Moreover, when a business pulls up stakes or downsizes, an entire program can wither overnight.

So, he pulled up stakes and moved to Allen County to oversee a farm.

Sometimes, staying put is a greater act of courage than pulling up stakes and starting anew.

pull your socks up

Maybe we needed to pull our socks up and we are trying to do just that.

With 16 games to go Oxford have still got time to pull their socks up.

You're not exactly a young lad any more so you've got to pull your socks up.

pull yourself up/to your feet etc

Behind Duvall, Jimmy could see that Barbara was pulling herself to her feet.

Granny pulled herself to her feet and tottered over to the bench, where Hodgesaargh had left his jar of flame.

On March 4 she caught hold of the end of her buggy and twice pulled herself to her feet.

Weary now that the excitement of the film was no longer sweeping her along, she pulled herself to her feet.

Whitlock pulled himself to his feet and winced as a sharp pain shot through his left leg.

pull/bring sb up short

A moment later, realising she was teetering on the brink of self-pity, she brought herself up short .

A moment later, though, and she was bringing herself up short .

But Blue brings himself up short , realizing that they have nothing really to do with Black.

However, never bring a preclear up short on this material.

She has a red face and a manner that pulls people up short .

This brings us up short at the outset of our study.

pull/haul yourself up by your bootstraps

put sb up

"Where are you staying?" "Carole's putting us up for a couple of days."

They put me up in the spare room for a few days while I sorted things out.

put sb ↔ up

put sth up

put sth ↔ up

put sth ↔ up

put sth ↔ up

put sth ↔ up

put sth ↔ up

put the wind up sb/get the wind up

put two fingers up at sb

put up a fight/struggle/resistance

By then I realized it was all too late anyway so I didn't put up a fight.

Had he, perhaps, put up a fight?

I bet you did that last night. - Did she put up a fight, then?

I start running, but my body puts up a fight.

Instead of dragging everything into the open and putting up a fight, I held on in silence.

Not only relieved by beating Dallas, but yes, this team can put up a fight.

The temptation was great to muster what force we could and put up a fight.

put up a proposal/argument/case etc

In other days Managers would have put up an argument as to the folly of this approach by Management.

put up or shut up

put up sth

put your feet up

Well, at least put your feet up for a few minutes. Would you like a drink?

When you're pregnant and doing a full-time job, you must find time to put your feet up.

E for elevation, otherwise known as putting your feet up.

He pushed the ottoman over and I put my feet up.

He says it gave him time to put his feet up and relax.

Take off your coat and put your feet up.

Tammuz had dimmed the lights, put his feet up, and asked the computer to tune in the wall-screen.

That boy needs a lot of teaching, he thought, putting his feet up.

Then he put his feet up on the bench and snored for ten minutes.

right up/down sb's alley

The job sounds right up your alley .

She said, I will tell you this Bobby Kennedy is right up my alley .

ring sth ↔ up

roll a window up

roll up!

roll your sleeves up

We've got a crisis on our hands, and we need to roll up our sleeves and do something about it.

Boss Peter Wheeler conceives the cars, tests them himself and even rolls his sleeves up to help design them.

In the second half, the Cherry and Whites rolled their sleeves up and got stuck in.

roll your sleeves/trousers etc up

Boss Peter Wheeler conceives the cars, tests them himself and even rolls his sleeves up to help design them.

In the second half, the Cherry and Whites rolled their sleeves up and got stuck in.

rub sb up the wrong way

run sth ↔ up

run sth ↔ up

run up a debt/bill etc

For Gieves the tailors, the extent to which clients indulged in running up bills regardless had become extremely serious.

Having run up a debt of over £100,000, they're unlikely to be forgotten by Virgin Records in a hurry.

He spent 3 months there, running up bills of £30,000, as yet unpaid.

If my neighbours ran up a bill and refused to pay we would not be expected to pay it.

It became a more serious potential debt trap than running up bills at retailers.

Model customers run up bills and pay in installments, with the high interest that makes the business so lucrative.

The problem of running up debts to pay for the elderly is straight-forward.

They continue to run up bills and never build equity in their house.

sb is up to their (old) tricks

sb's blood is up

sb's number comes up

sb's number is up

This could be the year a lot of politicians find their number is up.

When my number is up, I want it to be quick.

Competition prize winners Kathryn Winkler of Dundee, your lucky number is up.

screw sb ↔ up

screw sth ↔ up

screw up the/enough courage to do sth

But Janice's fear was so great she struggled through two more migraines before screwing up enough courage to try the injection.

I eventually screwed up the courage to write to Richardson, pretending to be a drama student wanting advice.

screw up your eyes/face

Blake screwed up his eyes, trying to peer through the fog.

He screwed up his eyes against the light and Jurnet saw the gipsy in him.

He screwed up his eyes and put his hands over his ears.

He screwed up his face as the hot water from the kitchen tap scalded his hand.

He screwed up his face at the appalling stench but made no move to draw back.

She screwed up her face and whispered: you're so revoltingly fat you disgusting baboon.

scrunch up your face/eyes

They scrunch up their faces, peering into the haze.

send shivers/chills up (and down) your spine

Stephen King's novels have sent shivers up readers' spines for more than 20 years.

He kicked her sending shivers up her spine; again she yelped, and everything turned black.

We both kept waiting for the moment when the experience would overwhelm us and send chills up our spines.

set sb up

He said, following his arrest last fall, that the FBI had set him up.

Terry and Donald think I set them up, but it's all a big misunderstanding.

set sb up

set sb ↔ up

set sb ↔ up

set sb ↔ up

set sth ↔ up

set sth ↔ up

set up a commotion/din/racket etc

Crickets set up a racket in trees out in the yard.

set up home/house

All the costs of getting a mortgage, moving and setting up home can run into thousands.

And he set up house for her in a bungalow further along the river, in a nice secluded part.

Desmond Wilcox was a grown man when he chose to leave his wife and children and set up home with Esther.

Nor do I think that it is disgraceful if two men of a loving disposition should set up home together.

The two new Mr and Mrs Kim-Soons set up house next door.

These nests will shortly be visited by the female in whose larger territory the various males have set up home.

Thousands of them have set up home in the eaves of this house in Banbury.

Why not just leave - set up home in a more tolerant spiritual pew?

set up house

He rarely left the Brooklyn apartment where he had set up house .

Her parents were very upset when she set up house with her boyfriend.

They first set up house together in Atlanta and moved to Miami three years later.

And he set up house for her in a bungalow further along the river, in a nice secluded part.

Diana and I were soon to set up house in Shepherd's Bush and our fortunes were inextricable for the next decade.

He had even established a system for sending money home to their families once they had set up house in this country.

I have to save enough money to set up house .

The two new Mr and Mrs Kim-Soons set up house next door.

They set up house in No. 93, which was now to let.

set up shop

Dr. Rosen closed his downtown practice and set up shop in a suburban neighborhood.

Jack got his law degree, then set up shop as a real estate lawyer.

At the age of 22 he set up shop in Sweeting's Alley, which was near the Royal Exchange.

Each failed when a dispute arose and some group walked out of the union to set up shop down the block.

My body and the kindly Earth have set up shop against me.

NxtWave opted not to set up shop in Silicon Valley and instead chose Langhorne.

S., new steel mills are setting up shop .

The two Yankees started the business set up shop right where you see it.

Wade Smith was given salesman of the year in January and promptly left to set up shop on his own.

set yourself up as sth

After all, she was the one who'd set herself up as Jett's little helper.

Everyone thinks he can set himself up as a dramatic critic.

He set himself up as a one-man cult.

It's not that he wishes to set himself up as a leader.

Roads and Traffic in Urban Areas has, by its own proclamation, set itself up as the Bible for traffic planners.

She was too young to be setting herself up as the devoted handmaiden to the great man.

Why do they set themselves up as tradesmen if that's all they're going to do?

shape up or ship out

shin up/down

Craig shinned down the rope to where we were standing.

I locked myself out of the house and had to shinny up a drainpipe to get in.

We watched as small boys shinned up palm trees and brought coconuts down.

Boys and girls shinned up trees to 10p off branches.

But can not phone him from Twills as Mr Twill would insist on shinning up drainpipe himself and break femur.

Dave shinned up a handy conifer.

He nodded encouragement to his fellows, and they shinned up after him and dropped down into the stockade.

Maintenance men could tell whether a pole - wooden or concrete - is dangerously cracked before shinning up it.

No fire-escape, no convenient drainpipe anyone could shin up.

Nothing as cheap as an open window or shinning down a drainpipe at midnight or down paying a suitcase full of bricks.

The animal was so tame that it shinned up his leg and dived into a deep pocket.

shinny up/down

His brother was eight and spent two days learning how to shinny up to the office.

The boy panicked and tried more desperately to shinny up the mast.

shoot sb/sth ↔ up

shoot up (sth)

But it was his elf face which shot up.

Fists shot up, some holding dinner pails in the air like flags.

However, as soon as he struck off one of its heads another two shot up in its place.

I righted myself and pain shot up my right leg as I put weight on it.

If interest rates shoot up, stocks and bonds usually fall in price.

The father nodded, his eyebrows shot up.

Thus subscription prices were shooting up and cutting off thousands of readers who could no longer afford them.

show sb ↔ up

show sth ↔ up

shut (sb) up

Goddamn it, Eustis, can you just for once in your empty-headed, godforsaken life shut yourself up!

He shut himself up in his palace and let matters go as they would.

He claims it was a mole but I know it was him - what can I do to shut him up?

I want to shut them up about the pound-for-pound thing.

It goes on-this urge to shut people up.

Parker punched his head to shut him up.

The biggest appetite I had was for words, and these guys shut me up entirely.

Unsettled by the riddle, Mungo finally decided that Jos had probably shut him up just to get some peace.

shut sb up

Can't you shut those kids up?

The only way to shut her up is to give her something to eat.

Goddamn it, Eustis, can you just for once in your empty-headed, godforsaken life shut yourself up!

He shut himself up in his palace and let matters go as they would.

He claims it was a mole but I know it was him - what can I do to shut him up?

I want to shut them up about the pound-for-pound thing.

It goes on-this urge to shut people up.

Parker punched his head to shut him up.

The biggest appetite I had was for words, and these guys shut me up entirely.

Unsettled by the riddle, Mungo finally decided that Jos had probably shut him up just to get some peace.

shut sth ↔ up

Goddamn it, Eustis, can you just for once in your empty-headed, godforsaken life shut yourself up!

He shut himself up in his palace and let matters go as they would.

He claims it was a mole but I know it was him - what can I do to shut him up?

I want to shut them up about the pound-for-pound thing.

It goes on-this urge to shut people up.

Parker punched his head to shut him up.

The biggest appetite I had was for words, and these guys shut me up entirely.

Unsettled by the riddle, Mungo finally decided that Jos had probably shut him up just to get some peace.

shut up shop

But as shopping habits changed many traders shut up shop and moved out blaming recession, traffic restrictions and fewer bus routes.

I think we should shut up shop , if you don't mind.

It's not like being on shore where once the patients are gone you shut up shop and go home.

Keith Rodwell, Ipswich Witches' commercial manager, shuts up shop after last night's match with Wolverhampton was rained off.

They need ways of shutting up shop , or at least of enduring, when conditions are simply impossible.

Time to shut up shop and get to know each other again.

We might just as well shut up shop .

shut up shop

But as shopping habits changed many traders shut up shop and moved out blaming recession, traffic restrictions and fewer bus routes.

I think we should shut up shop, if you don't mind.

It's not like being on shore where once the patients are gone you shut up shop and go home.

Keith Rodwell, Ipswich Witches' commercial manager, shuts up shop after last night's match with Wolverhampton was rained off.

They need ways of shutting up shop, or at least of enduring, when conditions are simply impossible.

Time to shut up shop and get to know each other again.

We might just as well shut up shop.

shut up!

Just shut up, you two!

sign sb ↔ up

sit sb up

sit up (and take notice)

After a bit they sat up and watched the welcome breeze work like an animal through the silver-green barley.

Carol was dying, and he cried out in his sleep and sat up trembling with cold sweats in the heat.

He sat up and stared at the sky in wonder.

I sat up, wondering what the hell!

I was still groggy, but I could sit up.

Léonie sat up straight, tucked her feet to one side, put her hands round her knees.

They sat up side by side in the bed, naked, listening, but Valerie no longer felt safe.

smarten up your act/ideas

Despite the encouraging figures, the Chunnel has prompted ferry companies to smarten up their act, and offer better deals.

smarten yourself up

Smarten up! It's time for inspection.

Jeremy, go smarten yourself up before dinner.

She's smartening herself up in the ladies' room.

soak up the sun/rays/sunshine etc

As well as soaking up the sun, Emma says she's particularly looking forward to scuba diving and swimming in Stingray City.

But everyone enjoyed the opportunity to relax, socialise and soak up the sun.

Elena Fonti lay on the beach soaking up the sun.

Others will take it easier, relax in the garden and soak up the sun.

She had lain with Maggie beside the swimming pool and had let her whole body soak up the sun.

The perfect setting for relaxing and soaking up the sun.

Where fishermen once set out to sea, now travellers stop to soak up the sun which bakes the sandy shores.

Without it, the green machinery that soaks up the sun's energy is starved.

speak up for sb

You'll have to learn to speak up for yourself.

Did they make fun of him for speaking up for the underdog in school?

Ella Anderson speaks up for tulips.

Erlend, six years younger, needed some one to speak up for him, sometimes.

He was to celebrate the inauguration in Florida speaking up for the black voters who feel disenfranchised.

If those with inside knowledge of the facts didn't speak up for Britain, who the hell would?

My captor found no reply to this, but luckily a Monster Fish Maiden spoke up for him.

She identified with them, spoke up for them, tackled situations others had avoided.

Who actually speaks up for the vulnerable older person?

split sth ↔ up

square up to sb/sth

stack sth ↔ up

stand sb up

stand up and be counted

I do not want to stand up and be counted as a supporter of those demands.

Those who admire her should stand up and be counted.

We really need more help from you good men to stand up and be counted!

step sth ↔ up

sth is not all/everything it's cracked up to be

stick 'em up

stoke sth ↔ up

stoke up on/with sth

stoke up sth

stop sth ↔ up

store up trouble/problems etc

Mahmud may have bought time for himself, but he stored up trouble for his successors.

straight up

A thin crack running straight up the wall had appeared.

At this point, the base of the golf club should point straight up into the air.

Ben earns $10,000 a month, straight up.

The rocket shot straight up and exploded overhead.

The towers of the hospital rose straight up from the edge of the highway.

This is your second time at this college, straight up?

straighten sth ↔ up

strike up (sth)

Alone and friendless, she had struck up a casual friendship with Dermot as he showed her Dublin.

Demonstrators will attempt to surround the police, strike up conversations and present them with letters.

I recalled he had struck up an intimate conversation with her in the lobby after breakfast.

Others prefer to strike up a conversation with table mates.

Particularly with the Liberals, who struck up a sort of Bucharest-Ettrick Bridge accord.

Peggy and James strike up a friendship.

Shy but cordial friendships were struck up, which Mrs Thomlinson was powerless to prevent or subvert.

The orchestra struck up a polonaise, the lights strung on trees glistened in the garden, the tables groaned with food.

strike up a friendship/relationship/conversation etc

At that time Worsley, who is married to Moody, had also struck up a friendship with Nance.

Besides, Anna had struck up a conversation with a young girl who'd been swimming in the pool.

Demonstrators will attempt to surround the police, strike up conversations and present them with letters.

Eleanor wrote back wittily and they struck up a friendship.

He struck up a conversation, first asking his name.

He and Matthew struck up a friendship - they had something in common; their attitude to life.

Others prefer to strike up a conversation with table mates.

Peggy and James strike up a friendship.

sum sb/sth ↔ up

sum sth ↔ up

sum sth ↔ up

sweep sb ↔ up

take sth ↔ up

take sth ↔ up

take sth ↔ up

take sth ↔ up

take sth ↔ up

take up residence

He left the country in December to take up residence in Panama.

In 1951 he took up residence in Chicago.

In 1953 Diem took up residence at a monastery in Belgium.

He's about to take up residence at Hertford College, Oxford.

He was only a few weeks away from his ninetieth birthday when pneumonia again took up residence in his weary lungs.

In 1858 a wild rabbit takes up residence in the garden.

One of them has taken up residence in a hut in Roche's garden.

The Dee at Chester was fishable but the only action was from 40 cormorants who have taken up residence above the weir.

The labs' distant agents are Kurds who have taken up residence in the West.

They take up residence in some numbers in marsh and swampland.

take up the cudgels (on behalf of sb/sth)

take/put up with shit (from sb)

tart yourself up/get tarted up

tear up an agreement/a contract etc

that (about) sums it up

This was their task but that sums it up too simply.

the balloon goes up

We don't want you being left behind in Mbarara if the balloon goes up.

the game's up

the opening up of sth

Again the opening up of public procurement procedures should result in a significant increase in intra-EC trade and industry re-structuring.

By 1895 she had attained the opening up of Lincoln's Inn Fields to the poor.

Over the next generation the first phase of the opening up of inland industrial Britain proceeded.

Searching out high-quality old timber is a big factor in the opening up of pristine forests.

Taylor said the opening up of opportunities for minorities in television would lead to more opportunities in films.

The combination of these influences has encouraged the opening up of the airwaves to competition.

the pace hots up

Remember this when the pace hots up!

the thumbs up/down

But the docs just gave me the thumbs up.

East Kilbride celebrates as tyre plant proposal given the thumbs down.

I can see it now: In toga and laurel wreath, Big Al will give the thumbs up or thumbs down.

In Grampian, 80 percent. of general practitioners gave it the thumbs down.

London movie-goers gave Glengarry Glen Ross, about cut-throat estate agents, the thumbs up this week.

The Dole campaign has not yet given the thumbs up, preferring to wait for the results of Super Tuesday.

The question, which had been popped earlier on the stadium's electronic scoreboard, got the thumbs up.

Top analysts gave it the thumbs up and prices took off.

the wrong way up

throw sth ↔ up

throw sth ↔ up

throw sth ↔ up

throw sth ↔ up

throw up your hands (in horror/dismay etc)

But instead of throwing up her hands and blaming the problem on organizational chaos, she stepped back and analyzed the situation.

Davide had seen the priests, who had shrugged and thrown up their hands indolently at the laundress's problem.

Even his most recent wife, Mercedes, had thrown up her hands.

He rounded the bend nearest the building, and nearly dropped the branch for throwing up his hands in frustration.

Here Abie threw up his hands at the ignorance of policemen.

Jenny exclaimed to E.. Ames, throwing up her hands.

Paul Reichmann threw up his hands in protest at the suggestion, but did not utter a sound.

Then they throw up their hands, wondering why the benefits they have been pursuing never seem to accrue.

tie sb ↔ up

tie sth ↔ up

tie sth ↔ up

tie sth ↔ up

tie sth ↔ up

tie up loose ends

His new movie will tie up some of the loose ends from the last one.

There are still a few loose ends to tie up before we have an agreement.

tie yourself (up) in knots

Sharon has tied herself up in knots worrying about her job.

tune sth ↔ up

turn sth ↔ up

turn sth ↔ up

turn sth ↔ up

turn up like a bad penny

turn your nose up (at sth)

Many professors turn their noses up at television.

Time and again he had to turn his nose up into the arch of the drain to keep from drowning.

two/three etc doors away/down/up

Across the world, or two doors down the corridor.

Freda Berkeley misses her and another neighbour, the writer Patrick Kinross, who lived two doors away.

He thanked the colonel for the interview and returned doggedly to his pistol lessons in the basement range two doors away.

He tried the house opposite, and was told two doors down.

I took the keenest pleasure in expelling Phetlock from my old office, two doors down from the Oval.

Mr Potts and the matrons left them in the church and went to stay two doors away, in a hotel.

The guest room's two doors down the corridor.

The second was in another bin beside the Argos showroom two doors away.

up front

He's always up front and willing to admit his mistakes.

I paid the builders £100 up front and will give them the rest when the job's finished.

I told you up front that I didn't want to be in a relationship with anyone.

Karen is always very up front with her boyfriends.

The company's directors have been surprisingly up front about their financial problems.

The only people who laughed were the American soldiers who sat up front .

We've got to have the money up front before we can do anything.

We've had so many unpaid bills that we've started to demand payment up front .

Why don't you sit up front with the driver so you can give him directions.

up north

up sticks

Do your homework before applying to permanently up sticks .

He picks up sticks and sits down to eat them.

I couldn't up sticks and away, which I might have done otherwise - regretting it afterwards.

Maybe we up sticks and move to another, better part of the country to cool out.

You will then have the right specimens ready and waiting whenever anyone decides to up sticks and move.

up to a point

That's true, up to a point .

And, up to a point , the conventional wisdom is right.

I could be perfectly reasonable up to a point , but Cynthia Kay had gone too far.

Planning may be useful, but only up to a point .

She was, up to a point .

That is true, but only up to a point .

The curriculum would follow the classical model, though only up to a point .

The snorer knows that actual suffering is the lot of some one near and, up to a point , dear.

up to scratch

A growing number of workers are put on short-term contracts which are renewed only if their work is up to scratch .

His grammar and accent were not up to scratch , and he kept running to the airport.

So do feel free to change anything that strikes you as not up to scratch .

That today's pop culture isn't up to scratch ?

The couple told stunned housing officials that the three-bedroom flat simply was not up to scratch for their needs.

up to snuff

A few of these devices should be exploded every year to test whether the refurbishing is working up to snuff .

It is the kind of work that museums do to conserve their furniture collections and bring their acquisitions up to snuff .

Semiconductor, software and computer companies slumped in price because of concern that earnings may not be up to snuff .

up to speed

For most newcomers to the rough-and-tumble Big East, it can take some time to get up to speed .

I called some of my friends and asked them, informally to try to bring the two consultants up to speed .

It may not be happening fast enough, but the winds of societal change take a while to get up to speed .

It took the company a year to bring them up to speed .

Thank you, George W.. Bush, for bringing the majority of voters up to speed .

To bring consumers up to speed , telephone companies are revving up education campaigns.

up to the/your eyeballs in sth

up/raise the ante

Sanctions upped the ante considerably in the Middle East crisis.

Creating an economic asset in the form of a parental dividend would obviously up the ante in these kinds of contentious issues.

Logan said, referring to the Colorado Avalanche star whose $ 21-million contract upped the ante for Kariya.

Looking to the future, however, the Forest Service decided to up the ante next time around.

Palmer's contribution was to up the ante .

Sometimes the parents upped the ante .

The group mind plays Pong so well that Carpenter decides to up the ante .

The owners are constantly carping about runaway salaries, then fall over themselves to jump the gun and up the ante .

What they are now doing is compromising, in this half-baked manner, by raising the ante to 70.

wake up and smell the coffee

While the field has changed with rent control nearly quashed, wake up and smell the coffee of a new day.

wash sth ↔ up

way around/round/up

A possible way round this problem has been suggested by Sen and others.

Or was it the other way round?

See diversion sign and ask B if he knows the best way around it.

She hoped he would find another way up, but this thought still was the central meaning of his whimpers.

Some people, at bottom, really want the world to take care of them, rather than the other way around.

They think they gon na talk their way up on it.

When we find ways around the size of the school, the ultimate reward is a climate that fosters Community.

whoop it up

Drunken fans whooped it up in the streets.

wind sb ↔ up

wind sth ↔ up

wind sth ↔ up

wind sth ↔ up

work sb up

work sth ↔ up

work up an appetite/a thirst/a sweat

work up enthusiasm/interest/courage etc

wrap sb (up) in cotton wool

wrap sth ↔ up

wrap up warm

She's all wrapped up warm with this big old coat on.

III. verb

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ NOUN

ante

Logan said, referring to the Colorado Avalanche star whose $ 21-million contract upped the ante for Kariya.

Looking to the future, however, the Forest Service decided to up the ante next time around.

Sometimes the parents upped the ante .

The group mind plays Pong so well that Carpenter decides to up the ante .

offer

From what Silver has said they have been constantly upping their offer .

Hull yesterday upped their offer to £140,000 for Featherstone's tour scrum half Deryck Fox.

price

It's half-term this week and holiday companies have upped the price of trips abroad by an astonishing 50 per cent.

sum

Which sort of sums up the business.

■ VERB

keep

The phone keeps up its stop-and-start ringing.

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

(keep your) chin up!

Keep your chin up! We'll get through this together!

(right) up your street

Mrs Marriot was a woman up our street who used to sell things in her front room.

So, if that sounds up your street , get your Peak Performance subscription in soon!

This sort of thing should be right up your street .

a kick up the arse/backside/pants etc

He was gormless, spoke in a funny nasal accent and looked as if he could do with a kick up the backside.

I think I just needed a kick up the backside.

They like to see officialdom and the upper classes getting a kick up the backside.

be badly cut up

be bound up in sth

Jim's too bound up in his own worries to be able to help us.

The history of music is, of course, bound up with the development of musical instruments.

All our limitations are bound up in our intellectual mind with its boundaries and imperfections and its tendency to emotional distortion.

Although activists take on global economic and political issues, their affiliations, allegiances and loyalties are bound up in local communities.

Extension cords that looked frayed or suspicious were bound up in Scotch cellophane tape.

Moral and economic rights are bound up in the concept of copyright.

More usually, the body was bound up in a folded position, with the knees under the chin.

The victim of horrendous physical and emotional abuse, she was failed by all those who were bound up in her care.

These very weak stones are rich in water, which is bound up in both hydrated salts and clay minerals.

be bound up with sth

A most sacred obligation was bound up with a most atrocious crime.

According to a long and dominant tradition, the physical is bound up with the spatial.

But they were important in their time, and their families were bound up with Fred Taylor all his life.

Human rights in general and the right to communicate in particular are bound up with the notion of democracy.

It is bound up with the family as a whole.

The doctrine of precedent is bound up with the need for a reliable system of law reporting.

This therefore brings me to the second reason why democracy is bound up with a measure of economic and social equality.

be climbing/crawling (up) the walls

Realizes he is moving in her desperately, as if he is climbing the walls of a closed building.

be coming up roses

be inextricably linked/bound up/mixed etc

For in fact political theories, doctrines or ideologies, and political action are inextricably bound up with each other.

In her mind the murder and the attack at the Chagall museum were inextricably bound up with the secret of the Durances.

It makes you understand that you are inextricably bound up with each other and that your fortunes depend on one another.

Within the workplace inequality and conflict are inextricably bound up, irrespective of the relationship between particular managements and workforces.

be one up (on sb)/get one up on sb

be pushing up (the) daisies

It's lucky I was sent here, to Hepzibah, or I'd be pushing up daisies .

be right up there (with sb/sth)

He was right up there on Herron Avenue.

Northampton are right up there in second place.

Number of sunny days is right up there for me, too.

On the trauma scale, this was right up there with an automobile wreck.

be up a gum tree

be up for grabs

Before long the entire paper industry is up for grabs .

But the software, particularly the interface, was up for grabs .

Canary Wharf was up for grabs .

Howe said Doug Johns is his fifth starter, but the fourth slot is up for grabs .

I had some memorable test drives after buying a dozen 6R4s when they were up for grabs at the factory.

Regional and runners-up prizes will also be up for grabs .

The lower house of Congress also is up for grabs in the July elections.

This is the process whereby every scrap of green land in a town is up for grabs by development.

be up in arms

Pine Valley residents are up in arms about plans to build a prison in the area.

Residents are up in arms about plans for a new road along the beach.

And already fans are up in arms .

But it will never be, for already the politicians are up in arms against it.

Civil libertarians would be up in arms but it would mean fewer animals whose final romp is into a killing-room.

John Adams decided that everyone but Episcopalians was up in arms against the new tax law.

Mavis Bramley was up in arms about the woman from Oldham.

The association's members were up in arms .

Those people would be up in arms .

Yet some big securities houses are up in arms over the Elwes report.

be up in the air

I might be going on a training course next week, but it's still up in the air .

Our trip to Orlando is still up in the air .

They still haven't said if I've got the job -- it's all up in the air at the moment.

But they were up in the air , and they were moving.

If I don't work to a routine then I feel everything is up in the air !

It was wonderful to be up in the air and to feel the air swishing past his face.

When he was up in the air he was engaged, his spirits prospered and his intellect was keener than a needle.

be up the creek (without a paddle)

I'll really be up the creek if I don't get paid this week.

Chairmen of football clubs are only in the papers and on the radio when the team is up the creek .

What he learned from that interview was that Graham Ross was up the creek without a paddle.

be up to no good

Anyone waiting around on street corners at night must be up to no good .

If you ask me, that husband of hers is up to no good .

She knew that her brother was up to no good but she didn't tell anyone.

Those guys look like they're up to no good .

be up to your ears in work/debt/problems etc

be up to your eyebrows in sth

Stein is up to his eyebrows in debt.

be up to your eyes in sth

be up to your neck in sth

We were up to our necks in problems with the Apollo program.

Like Patsy Kensit, I was up to my neck in oasis.

The party is up to its neck in a scandal over alleged illegal purloining of confidential police files on rivals.

be up with the lark

be well up in/on sth

But deep inside there was a brooding that was welling up in him.

By eight o'clock, when the first pair was due to tee off, the sun was well up in a clear sky.

be/come up against a (brick) wall

She swam in what she hoped was the direction of the stairs, only to come up against a wall .

be/come up against sb/sth

A ripple of crowd laughter came up against the breeze from the direction of the main grandstands.

And what do you do when to come up against a brick wall?

At every turn workers found themselves coming up against the State.

Here, Wade realized, he had come up against a few firm truths.

In every direction he came up against his own incompleteness.

The acts were not just reluctant to offend, but even to probe beyond the first middle-class convention they came up against .

Together, they come up against an extraordinarily barbaric state bureaucracy and not a few disappointments.

What you have here is a situation where custom and convention comes up against constitutional guarantees.

be/get mixed up in sth

A straight-laced Wall Street banker gets mixed up in one ludicrous misunderstanding after another in George Gallo's screwball comedy.

Everything else about this journey is starting to get mixed up in my head.

He defended me and Eddie when we got mixed up in a couple of scrapes.

He had to be mixed up in the Cicero Club.

Her son's got mixed up in it, probably demonstrated yesterday with the Socialists outside the Town Hall.

I still do not want to get mixed up in any Indochina decision....

It was nothing to do with her, and whatever it was she didn't want to be mixed up in it.

We weren't going to get mixed up in a job, when we were going home off duty.

be/get mixed up with sb

Answer: She would never have got mixed up with him in the first place.

But this all gets mixed up with motivation too: the horse must be motivated to learn.

I am beginning to get mixed up with the days of the month.

It's an odd business and it seems to be mixed up with Edwin Garland's will.

Of all the people you do not want to get mixed up with he is the first and the last.

Then Conley got mixed up with Charlie Keating and somehow lost millions of dollars, eventually ending up bankrupt.

Trust Auguste to get mixed up with it.

We used to get mixed up with the fight.

big up (to/for) sb

bottoms up!

bring up the rear

Dad was bringing up the rear to make sure no one got lost.

The funeral hearse was followed by cars full of friends, and a company of Life Guards brought up the rear .

We all followed our guide up the path, Marcus and I bringing up the rear .

Chivvying the staff of the Villa Russe into the tea room with refreshments, Auguste brought up the rear .

Four men-at-arms rode alongside, and bringing up the rear was another monk herding a flock of sheep and goats.

He led the way, followed by an ebullient Christina and Elaine, with James sullenly bringing up the rear .

He was tired of bringing up the rear in the march of civilization.

One by one they climbed in, Delaney first, Nell in the middle, with Andrevitch bringing up the rear .

The unmistakable figure of the immaculate Captain Trentham brought up the rear .

They fall in beside him and start up the hill to the induction center, the cop bringing up the rear .

cause/kick up/make etc a stink

It's financial clout that counts or, failing that, kicking up a stink .

It's for your protection, so that you have the union behind you if Mellowes kicks up a stink .

It will still contain plenty of business and mortgage borrowers to kick up a stink about base rates.

close up/up close/close to

come out of sth/come up smelling of roses

come up short

We've been to the state tournament four times, but we've come up short every time.

He struck the ball tentatively, and it came up short .

I went home, wanting to do something very special, but came up short .

If we keep coming up short , tax the Patagonians.

Judged by their own standards, they came up short .

Kansas played well for 38 minutes but came up short in the end.

Riley keeps coming up short , but insists on coming right back to pound the same hammer with the same nail.

This analysis often reveals why some groups regularly succeed and others regularly come up short .

We're so close to getting the job done, but we keep coming up short .

come up with the goods/deliver the goods

Neil Young's annual fall concert always delivers the goods with famous musicians and good music.

come/turn up trumps

And a dream come true ... The advert for grandparents that came up trumps .

Conrad Allen came up trumps again, finishing fourth in the boys 800 metres in a personal best 2 mins. 22.

Ibanez seem to have taken another daring step in their continuing success story and come up trumps once again.

In part two: Four of a kind ... Durnin plays the winning hand as United come up trumps against Luton.

You've come up trumps , Derek.

criticize/nag/hassle sb up one side and down the other

dance/sing/cook etc up a storm

She danced up a storm at an Alexandria, Va., club where the Desperadoes played right after the election.

They are blowing trumpets singing up a storm and waving as they walk past us.

dressed (up) to the nines

Now, remember the elegant woman, always dressed to the nines, with the infectious laugh.

drugged/doped up to the eyeballs

face up/upwards

He fell across the wall, twisting, face up.

If convicted, they face up to a year in jail and up to a $ 2, 500 fine.

If found guilty, he could face up to two years in jail.

It took time until she could face up to it.

Sabit Brokaj of the Socialist Party faces up to 10 years in prison if convicted.

We must face up to this.

With palms facing upwards, take your arms behind you and hold them as high as possible.

With palms facing upwards, take your arms behind you and pull them towards each other 35 times.

first up

get (right) up sb's nose

Darren comes to stay with Nikki and is quick to get up the nose of everyone he meets.

Even reading your horoscope can get up your nose .

I didn't realise it would get up your nose so quickly and so far.

I took her to my room, so that her feathers wouldn't get up Mum's nose .

It had got up Rufus's nose a bit, though Adam had a perfect right to do this.

get sb's dander up

Some recent columns have gotten readers' dander up.

get/build up a head of steam

get/pick/build up steam

But Dehlavi takes his time getting up steam , leaving a good 20 minutes of surplus slack in these two hours.

Cons: Just when the bobsled builds up steam , brakes on the track slow it down.

If the economy is picking up steam , the recovery may be nipped in the bud by renewed Fed tightening.

Indications the economy may be picking up steam hurt bonds by sparking concern inflation may accelerate, eroding bonds' fixed payments.

Millionaire publisher Steve Forbes, who is suddenly picking up steam ?

The black-out protest is expected to pick up steam after the president signs the bill.

get/put sb's back up

He treats everyone like children, and that's why he puts people's backs up.

It really gets my back up when salesmen call round to the house.

At Eagle Butte I stopped and got a clamp, got the pipe back up there some way.

He had been around the scene for long enough to know how to manipulate meetings without getting everyone's back up.

If you get his/her back up, even if you're right, you're dead!

She'd even got Bert's back up proper, over his betting and poor old Floss.

Simon naturally put people's backs up.

You got to get back up.

give sb a boost (up)

Because the Saints gave an economic boost to the young state, Illinoisans at first greeted them congenially.

Cally had been intimidated by the occasion and Jen wanted to give her a boost .

Fishing industry lands a big boost Scarborough's fishing industry has been given a big boost thanks to shoals of scallops.

He says the government's turnaround on interest and exchange rate policies should give an extra boost to Christmas trading too.

His defeat gives a further boost to Mr Kinnock's already overriding executive majority.

It gave her confidence a boost to know that she had spotted him, and it made her actions easy.

This will give a further boost to the economy.

This will help to cut pollution and save energy and give a valuable boost to the housing market.

give up the ghost

My old car's finally given up the ghost .

Doctors said that while his heart was fine, his vascular system had given up the ghost .

Finally the engine gave up the ghost completely and nothing could persuade it to start again.

He would ordinarily blow out the candle and give up the ghost .

The spores do germinate, go through a few perfunctory cell divisions, then give up the ghost .

They squirmed, shrivelled and after a brief struggle, gave up the ghost .

This is the gentler way: convince the mind the body's dead and it gives up the ghost .

What light struggled through the unwashed front window soon gave up the ghost in the air that seemed almost palpably grey.

With one last defiant surge of power the jeep finally gave up the ghost .

go belly up

Tim's business went belly up in 1993.

Cooke won a settlement so big that the label went belly up.

Lehman Brothers eventually went belly up.

Two small boys trapped a crab, repeatedly poking it with a stick until it went belly up and played dead.

go up in flames/burst into flames

go up in smoke

After Warrington they've got to be careful or we might be blown up in smoke .

Before she could throw the water into the wastepaper basket, the reports had gone up in smoke .

For the yards owner, it was 25 years of work up in smoke .

If so, what happens when Buckingham Palace, Sandringham or Balmoral go up in smoke ?

Its mosque went up in smoke .

Such deliberation, while the youth of Britain were liable to go up in smoke , outraged many.

That's well over £5,000 up in smoke - or, to be exact, an average £44.66 a month.

Three hundred tons of freshly harvested hay and straw went up in smoke .

go up/come down in the world

hands up

Gently slide your hands up the back of the skull as you allow his or head to come back down gently.

He brought his hands up to the typewriter keys and forced himself to begin.

She threw her hands up in the air and leaned back, stretching, arching her chest upward.

Singer put both hands up before his face, arms outstretched; he was begging.

Sometimes you have got to hold your hands up and accept that certain players are not right for you.

The next minute the grenade thrower appeared with his hands up.

The police mounted an early-morning assault on his office, and Mr Bucaram came running out with his hands up.

have an ace up your sleeve

have another card up your sleeve

have something up your sleeve

Don't worry. He still has a few tricks up his sleeve .

heads up!

hold up your head

He had held up his head in the most exalted company.

How does he hold up his head if he knows his wife is deceiving him?

hold/keep your end up

It helped them keep their end up in battle, too, claim historians.

It is difficult to get skips in this age group capable of keeping their end up at this level of competition.

Richter kept his end up by arranging a press visit to Huemul Island on 21 June, 1951.

in (the) front/up front

it's all up (with sb)

It's all up for you then.

keep up appearances

For now, I can keep up appearances and still go to the same restaurants as my friends.

Of course, he tries to keep up appearances , but he lives entirely off borrowed money.

She put Christmas decorations in the window just to keep up appearances .

A travel iron is useful for keeping up appearances on holiday.

All my efforts were concentrated on keeping up appearances during those two hours of the day when I was with them.

He still took care to be rude and truculent at school to keep up appearances , but the old venom had faded.

Man on the move Everything a man need to keep up appearances while he's away from home.

She just wanted to keep up appearances for the kids.

Sometimes a mood, or a phase of the menstrual cycle, will bring about a definite aversion to keeping up appearances .

They spend all they have to keep up appearances .

We all have to keep up appearances while we wait for the tide to turn.

keep your pecker up

It's going to boil down to keeping your pecker up, looking on the best side of things.

look/feel like death warmed up

make a fuss/kick up a fuss (about sth)

make up leeway

make up your mind/make your mind up

move/change/keep up with the times

Motoring: Can R-R keep up with the times ?

The pub has made no attempt to keep up with the times ... no karaoke here ... just conversation.

not be up to much

Working conditions may not be up to much , and as a casual employee you can be fired at short notice.

not have much up top

not up to the mark

out/up the wazoo

A portable vacuum cleaner is most helpful for sand up the wazoo . 2.

pick up the tab

Airlines will have to pick up the tab for new safety regulations.

Usually the book publisher, not the author, picks up the tab for a publicity tour.

We all went out to dinner, and Adam picked up the tab .

He wouldn't pick up the tab for anyone else.

I wonder to myself as I pick up the tab for breakfast.

In addition, my company will pick up the tab for all legal and moving expenses.

Normally, developers paying a barrister to represent them at an inquiry must pick up the tab .

Often, the book publisher, not the author, picks up the tab .

Thus, port officials argue, the city should have picked up the tab for fixing the recently revealed environmental problems.

When the check comes, the lobbyists almost always pick up the tab .

pick up the thread(s)

Enough to do picking up the threads of his own life.

He picked up the thread and followed it.

She gradually started to pick up the threads of her life.

They talked non-stop in an elaborate relay race, one picking up the thread as soon as the other paused for breath.

pick up/take up the gauntlet

pull up stakes

Our family pulled up stakes every few years when Dad was in the Army.

Moreover, when a business pulls up stakes or downsizes, an entire program can wither overnight.

So, he pulled up stakes and moved to Allen County to oversee a farm.

Sometimes, staying put is a greater act of courage than pulling up stakes and starting anew.

pull up the drawbridge

pull your socks up

Maybe we needed to pull our socks up and we are trying to do just that.

With 16 games to go Oxford have still got time to pull their socks up.

You're not exactly a young lad any more so you've got to pull your socks up.

pull/bring sb up short

A moment later, realising she was teetering on the brink of self-pity, she brought herself up short .

A moment later, though, and she was bringing herself up short .

But Blue brings himself up short , realizing that they have nothing really to do with Black.

However, never bring a preclear up short on this material.

She has a red face and a manner that pulls people up short .

This brings us up short at the outset of our study.

pull/haul yourself up by your bootstraps

put the wind up sb/get the wind up

put two fingers up at sb

put up a good fight

put up a good/poor etc show

He might have put up a good show the other day, but that was because he was frightened.

She put up a better show in the 1980s.

put your feet up

Well, at least put your feet up for a few minutes. Would you like a drink?

When you're pregnant and doing a full-time job, you must find time to put your feet up.

E for elevation, otherwise known as putting your feet up.

He pushed the ottoman over and I put my feet up.

He says it gave him time to put his feet up and relax.

Take off your coat and put your feet up.

Tammuz had dimmed the lights, put his feet up, and asked the computer to tune in the wall-screen.

That boy needs a lot of teaching, he thought, putting his feet up.

Then he put his feet up on the bench and snored for ten minutes.

right up/down sb's alley

The job sounds right up your alley .

She said, I will tell you this Bobby Kennedy is right up my alley .

sb is up to their (old) tricks

sb's blood is up

sb's number comes up

sb's number is up

This could be the year a lot of politicians find their number is up.

When my number is up, I want it to be quick.

Competition prize winners Kathryn Winkler of Dundee, your lucky number is up.

set up house

He rarely left the Brooklyn apartment where he had set up house .

Her parents were very upset when she set up house with her boyfriend.

They first set up house together in Atlanta and moved to Miami three years later.

And he set up house for her in a bungalow further along the river, in a nice secluded part.

Diana and I were soon to set up house in Shepherd's Bush and our fortunes were inextricable for the next decade.

He had even established a system for sending money home to their families once they had set up house in this country.

I have to save enough money to set up house .

The two new Mr and Mrs Kim-Soons set up house next door.

They set up house in No. 93, which was now to let.

set up shop

Dr. Rosen closed his downtown practice and set up shop in a suburban neighborhood.

Jack got his law degree, then set up shop as a real estate lawyer.

At the age of 22 he set up shop in Sweeting's Alley, which was near the Royal Exchange.

Each failed when a dispute arose and some group walked out of the union to set up shop down the block.

My body and the kindly Earth have set up shop against me.

NxtWave opted not to set up shop in Silicon Valley and instead chose Langhorne.

S., new steel mills are setting up shop .

The two Yankees started the business set up shop right where you see it.

Wade Smith was given salesman of the year in January and promptly left to set up shop on his own.

shut up shop

But as shopping habits changed many traders shut up shop and moved out blaming recession, traffic restrictions and fewer bus routes.

I think we should shut up shop , if you don't mind.

It's not like being on shore where once the patients are gone you shut up shop and go home.

Keith Rodwell, Ipswich Witches' commercial manager, shuts up shop after last night's match with Wolverhampton was rained off.

They need ways of shutting up shop , or at least of enduring, when conditions are simply impossible.

Time to shut up shop and get to know each other again.

We might just as well shut up shop .

straight up

A thin crack running straight up the wall had appeared.

At this point, the base of the golf club should point straight up into the air.

Ben earns $10,000 a month, straight up.

The rocket shot straight up and exploded overhead.

The towers of the hospital rose straight up from the edge of the highway.

This is your second time at this college, straight up?

take up residence

He left the country in December to take up residence in Panama.

In 1951 he took up residence in Chicago.

In 1953 Diem took up residence at a monastery in Belgium.

He's about to take up residence at Hertford College, Oxford.

He was only a few weeks away from his ninetieth birthday when pneumonia again took up residence in his weary lungs.

In 1858 a wild rabbit takes up residence in the garden.

One of them has taken up residence in a hut in Roche's garden.

The Dee at Chester was fishable but the only action was from 40 cormorants who have taken up residence above the weir.

The labs' distant agents are Kurds who have taken up residence in the West.

They take up residence in some numbers in marsh and swampland.

take up the cudgels (on behalf of sb/sth)

take up/pick up the slack

take/put up with shit (from sb)

the balloon goes up

We don't want you being left behind in Mbarara if the balloon goes up.

the game's up

the opening up of sth

Again the opening up of public procurement procedures should result in a significant increase in intra-EC trade and industry re-structuring.

By 1895 she had attained the opening up of Lincoln's Inn Fields to the poor.

Over the next generation the first phase of the opening up of inland industrial Britain proceeded.

Searching out high-quality old timber is a big factor in the opening up of pristine forests.

Taylor said the opening up of opportunities for minorities in television would lead to more opportunities in films.

The combination of these influences has encouraged the opening up of the airwaves to competition.

the thumbs up/down

But the docs just gave me the thumbs up.

East Kilbride celebrates as tyre plant proposal given the thumbs down.

I can see it now: In toga and laurel wreath, Big Al will give the thumbs up or thumbs down.

In Grampian, 80 percent. of general practitioners gave it the thumbs down.

London movie-goers gave Glengarry Glen Ross, about cut-throat estate agents, the thumbs up this week.

The Dole campaign has not yet given the thumbs up, preferring to wait for the results of Super Tuesday.

The question, which had been popped earlier on the stadium's electronic scoreboard, got the thumbs up.

Top analysts gave it the thumbs up and prices took off.

the wrong way up

turn up like a bad penny

turn your nose up (at sth)

Many professors turn their noses up at television.

Time and again he had to turn his nose up into the arch of the drain to keep from drowning.

two/three etc doors away/down/up

Across the world, or two doors down the corridor.

Freda Berkeley misses her and another neighbour, the writer Patrick Kinross, who lived two doors away.

He thanked the colonel for the interview and returned doggedly to his pistol lessons in the basement range two doors away.

He tried the house opposite, and was told two doors down.

I took the keenest pleasure in expelling Phetlock from my old office, two doors down from the Oval.

Mr Potts and the matrons left them in the church and went to stay two doors away, in a hotel.

The guest room's two doors down the corridor.

The second was in another bin beside the Argos showroom two doors away.

up front

He's always up front and willing to admit his mistakes.

I paid the builders £100 up front and will give them the rest when the job's finished.

I told you up front that I didn't want to be in a relationship with anyone.

Karen is always very up front with her boyfriends.

The company's directors have been surprisingly up front about their financial problems.

The only people who laughed were the American soldiers who sat up front .

We've got to have the money up front before we can do anything.

We've had so many unpaid bills that we've started to demand payment up front .

Why don't you sit up front with the driver so you can give him directions.

up north

up sticks

Do your homework before applying to permanently up sticks .

He picks up sticks and sits down to eat them.

I couldn't up sticks and away, which I might have done otherwise - regretting it afterwards.

Maybe we up sticks and move to another, better part of the country to cool out.

You will then have the right specimens ready and waiting whenever anyone decides to up sticks and move.

up the spout

She had been continually up the spout , or over the moon, about some one or something.

That's why these computerized route-finders are going up the spout and taking the Glories towards Monument Hill.

up the wall

Blow up the wall with the explosives. 22.

Giant red cockroaches walking up the walls , and even an my table.

He hoped she wouldn't turn fickle when he was half way up the wall .

Her pillow inched up the wall .

Such abstract philosophizing drives true poets around the bend, up the wall , and over the top.

The vine clawed its way up the wall at the end.

This simplifies fitting around awkward shapes. 2 Lay the vinyl in place with surplus curling up the wall .

up to a point

That's true, up to a point .

And, up to a point , the conventional wisdom is right.

I could be perfectly reasonable up to a point , but Cynthia Kay had gone too far.

Planning may be useful, but only up to a point .

She was, up to a point .

That is true, but only up to a point .

The curriculum would follow the classical model, though only up to a point .

The snorer knows that actual suffering is the lot of some one near and, up to a point , dear.

up to scratch

A growing number of workers are put on short-term contracts which are renewed only if their work is up to scratch .

His grammar and accent were not up to scratch , and he kept running to the airport.

So do feel free to change anything that strikes you as not up to scratch .

That today's pop culture isn't up to scratch ?

The couple told stunned housing officials that the three-bedroom flat simply was not up to scratch for their needs.

up to snuff

A few of these devices should be exploded every year to test whether the refurbishing is working up to snuff .

It is the kind of work that museums do to conserve their furniture collections and bring their acquisitions up to snuff .

Semiconductor, software and computer companies slumped in price because of concern that earnings may not be up to snuff .

up to speed

For most newcomers to the rough-and-tumble Big East, it can take some time to get up to speed .

I called some of my friends and asked them, informally to try to bring the two consultants up to speed .

It may not be happening fast enough, but the winds of societal change take a while to get up to speed .

It took the company a year to bring them up to speed .

Thank you, George W.. Bush, for bringing the majority of voters up to speed .

To bring consumers up to speed , telephone companies are revving up education campaigns.

up to the/your eyeballs in sth

up/raise the ante

Sanctions upped the ante considerably in the Middle East crisis.

Creating an economic asset in the form of a parental dividend would obviously up the ante in these kinds of contentious issues.

Logan said, referring to the Colorado Avalanche star whose $ 21-million contract upped the ante for Kariya.

Looking to the future, however, the Forest Service decided to up the ante next time around.

Palmer's contribution was to up the ante .

Sometimes the parents upped the ante .

The group mind plays Pong so well that Carpenter decides to up the ante .

The owners are constantly carping about runaway salaries, then fall over themselves to jump the gun and up the ante .

What they are now doing is compromising, in this half-baked manner, by raising the ante to 70.

way around/round/up

A possible way round this problem has been suggested by Sen and others.

Or was it the other way round?

See diversion sign and ask B if he knows the best way around it.

She hoped he would find another way up, but this thought still was the central meaning of his whimpers.

Some people, at bottom, really want the world to take care of them, rather than the other way around.

They think they gon na talk their way up on it.

When we find ways around the size of the school, the ultimate reward is a climate that fosters Community.

wrap sb (up) in cotton wool

wrap up warm

She's all wrapped up warm with this big old coat on.

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

After the families of the two men were contacted, the ransom was upped to $ 1 million.

We upped periscope, identified it, then downed periscope.

Longman DOCE5 Extras English vocabulary.      Дополнительный английский словарь Longman DOCE5.