Meaning of UP in English

UP

I. (|)əp adverb

Etymology: partly from Middle English up upward, from Old English ūp; partly from Middle English uppe on high, from Old English; both akin to Old High German ūf up, Old Norse upp up, upward, uppi on high, Gothic iup upward, uf under, Latin sub under, below, Greek hypo under, Sanskrit upa towards, near to, at, under, upari over — more at over

1.

a.

(1) : toward the sky : toward a higher position : away from the center of the earth

pushes the boy up to the top of the fence so he can see

the oil shoots up 200 feet

has breakfast brought up to her bedroom

ordered up searchlights to stab the sky — Noel Houston

— often used as an intensive

lift up your eyes

raised up the ceiling a few feet

— often used in commands or exclamations calling for upward motion

hands up

up periscope — E.L.Beach

— formerly used in combination with a verb, especially an auxiliary

we will, fair Queen, up to the mountain's top — Shakespeare

(2) : from beneath the ground or water to the surface

digs up arrowheads in his backyard

the fish swim up for crumbs

(3) : from below the horizon

sees the moon come up

(4) : toward a slightly higher level

fishermen pulling boats up onto a beach

specifically : to or near the putting green of a golf course

hits the ball well up

(5) : toward a point (as on a river) that is farther away from the ocean

must time everything exactly — up with the flood tide, arriving … precisely at slack water — C.S.Forester

(6) : from a prone, sitting, slanting, or stooped position to an upright position

helps up a man who has fallen

draws himself up to his full height

specifically : out of bed

stayed up all night long

— sometimes used in commands or exclamations

up , up , my friend, and quit your books — William Wordsworth

b. : upward from the ground or other surface so as to be detached

pulls up all the tulips

c. archaic : to a condition of being open

have broken up my packet again to insert this letter — Edmund Verney

d. : so as to expose fully a particular side or surface

turns the ace of spades up

2.

a. : in a relatively high position

up in the mountains

brings in a mirror-sharp picture 35,000 feet up — advt

wants to see her name up in lights

only a kid … with that flaming hair of hers just up — Mary Deasy

the ball is up on the green

b. : at a point (as on a river) that is farther away from the ocean

camps up above the rapids

c. : in an upright position ; specifically : on one's feet

standing up in front of a judge — Kay Boyle

3.

a. : so as to cause sound to rise in volume or to be heard

speak up so that she can hear

turns up the radio too loud

b. : so as to cause light to become brighter

turns up the lamp on the desk

4.

a. : to or in a higher or better condition or status

on his way up as a junior member of a law firm — Sara H. Hay

pressure on manufacturers to keep quality up — Current Biography

keeps him up out of sentimental estheticism — Clive Bell

— sometimes used in exclamations

up the workers — Liam O'Flaherty

b. : to or toward an advanced state (as of maturity or skill)

grew up in the city

c. : to or in a state of greater resolution or cheerfulness

brace up and keep going

only buoyed up by the hope … of seeing a junk — Osbert Lancaster

— sometimes used in commands or exclamations

d.

(1) : to or in a state of greater activity or excitement

stirs up crowds

the type that boiled up inside sometimes — E.V.Roberts

(2) — used as a function word usually in combination with it to indicate marked or intense activity

singing and laughing it up with the boys — Arthur Godfrey

e. : to or at a greater speed, rate, or amount

an effort to bring military plane production up — Current Biography

rents would move up or down — S.L.Payne

f. : to or at a higher musical pitch

transposes the melody up a fifth

singing easily up above high C

g. : in continuance (as in time or a series)

indefatigable labors from youth up — D.S. & Jessie K. Jordan

boys from fourth grade up — Gladys Skelley

rent from $50 up — Warner Olivier

highly alert during the night and up through dawn — P.W.Thompson

from early childhood up until the age of 20

h. : into greater prominence or a higher status or estimation (as by means of a specific action)

talks up all the new styles

the quality of the beef is what counts, and the brown sugar is the touch to point it up — C.H.Baker

i. : to or in a state of expansion

a fish that puffs itself up

the ingenious folly of pumping up a poem till it means everything — N.E.Nelson

5.

a. : into existence, evidence, prominence, or prevalence : into operation or practical form

drawings … worked up in the office by several draftsmen — F.J.Mather

saloons went up rapidly — D.D.Martin

a skillful building up of suspense — C.W.Shumaker

the money will turn up somewhere

stokes the fire to get steam up

b. : to the consideration or attention of a person so that a decision or disposition can be made

put the problem squarely and finally up to the states and cities whose immediate concern it is — F.E.Johnson

senators come up for reelection — T.R.Ybarra

the unmanageable gelding went up for raffle — Time

c. : to or at bat

comes up twice in the same inning

6.

a. : into the hands of another

yielded himself up a prisoner — Maria Edgeworth

b. : into one's possession

their licenses can be taken up and returned to authorities in their own state — Birmingham (Ala.) News

c. : in disclosure or confession — used with own, show, or give

7.

a. : to or toward a total number or quantity

counts up all the factors

ran up a big bill

sums up the whole situation

b.

(1) : to a state of completeness or finality

eats up the cake

finds that the land he is interested in is leased up — J.L.Harnon

charge it up to experience

— often used as a function word for emphasis with little addition of meaning

might wake even the bomber boys up — J.G.Cozzens

the pipe is stopped up with dirt

the black water had swallowed me up — O.S.J.Gogarty

to fright the animals and to kill them up — Shakespeare

(2) : to a degree approaching completeness : to a marked degree

show houses were being bought up by the moving picture interests — C.F.Wittke

clean up the house

softening up the enemy with artillery before making the final attack

— often used as a function word for emphasis

the plane's fueling up — Kay Boyle

the roads empty magically while the drivers chow up — Barrett McGurn

8.

a. : in or into a storage place

lays up supplies for the winter

putting up preserves

b. : in or into a condition of closure or confinement

buttoned himself up — John Buchan

wrapped up in a dressing gown — H.A.L.Craig

a fine time to pot up bulbs for forcing — Catalog: Holland Bulb Gardens

cork the bottle up

have locked up and gone home — Brooks Atkinson

c. : in or into a condition of union or combination

sews up the rip

joins up with his friends

d. : by way of remedying or eliminating a defect (as a break)

patched up his old pants

a rather battered sign … we ought to paint it up — Holiday

9.

a. : so as to arrive or approach

comes driving up in a new car

an avenue of trees leads up to the house

b. : in a direction that is conventionally, the opposite of down regardless of difference in elevation : toward, to, or at a place that is regarded as higher: as

(1) chiefly Britain : toward or in a more important place (as a large city, university, or headquarters)

went up to London as professor of surgery — Harvey Graham

(2) : toward the direction from which the wind is blowing : to windward

(3) : toward or in the north

peach cultivation is slowly extending up from the south — American Guide Series: Arkansas

(4) : toward or near the top (as of a sheet of paper)

your rapid pen moved up and down — Edna S.V.Millay

(5) : toward or in an outlying district

went up to the farm for a rest

(6) : toward or at the rear of a theatrical stage — used chiefly in stage directions

offended, walks up — W.S.Gilbert

(7) : to prison

went up in the 1920's … for 20 years — D.W.Maurer

c. : toward or at a forward position

hold their positions up in the trenches

d. : so as to be even with, overtake, find, or arrive at

his horse was fourth but then came up and won

may be traced up to the first beginnings of Greek speculation — Walter Pater

10. : in or into separated parts

break up the road before widening it

tears up newspapers

— often used as a function word for emphasis

the country was divided up into two spheres of interest — A.T.Bouscaren

11.

a. : to a stop — usually used with draw, bring, fetch, or pull

b. : without delay : promptly

didn't wait for recognition but spoke right up

answers up to every question

12.

a. : in advance (as of one's opponent) : ahead

on the next hole he shot a birdie three to go two up — Time

the intellectual's game of being one up on the prevailing interpretation — W.L.Miller

b. : for each side : each

the score is 15 up

13.

a. : in multiples (as copies printed on a single sheet from identical plates at a single impression)

when circulars are ordered in large quantities, it is common to print them two up or four up — Daniel Melcher & Nancy Larrick

— compare gang I 3a(2)

b. : in capital letters : with a capital initial letter

put all of these words up

c. : on a recto page and with the head next to the binding edge — used of the facing of an illustration; compare face II 9

II. ˈəp adjective

Etymology: Middle English uppe, from Old English, from uppe, adverb

1.

a. : risen above the horizon especially so as to be visible : present in the sky

the sun is still up

b.

(1) : standing on one's feet

(2) chiefly Britain : standing and delivering a speech

the chancellor of the exchequer's up — Charles Dickens

c. : risen from bed : being out of bed

is up every morning at six

a man who was just up from an attack of the measles — A.W.Long

was up all last night — Kay Boyle

d. : high with respect to the bank of a stream or a shore

the river is dangerously up

e. : being in a raised position : raised , lifted

all the windows are up

with the thumbscrew in the up position — H.G.Armstrong

her defenses were up — Ethel Wilson

f. : standing above the ground : constructed, built

the two temporary bridges are up — Kay Boyle

g.

(1) : having the face uppermost and exposed : facing upward

(2) : fried on one side

ordered two eggs up

h. : mounted on the back of a horse

with a new jockey up

is up on a long shot — Walter Bernstein

i. : grown or moved above a surface (as of the ground) so as to be visible

the corn is up now

j. : cut and placed suitably (as in storage)

the hay is up , and the turnips thinned — Padraic Fallon

k.

(1) : having the surface broken (as for repairs)

began to unload poles and warning notices of “Road Up ” — Adrian Bell

(2) : removed

finds the track up for several hundred feet

l. : moving, inclining, or directed upward

the up escalator

looked at him with an up glance

m.

(1) : set with a capital initial letter or all in capitals

all genus names are up

(2) : marked by the use of more capital letters than is usual

the style of this magazine is up

n. : held or brushed up toward the top of the head

a new up hairdo, a little fancy for daytime — Budd Schulberg

2.

a.

(1) : marked by a state of revolt, agitation, or excitement

they say the tribes are up — John Masefield

their fighting blood was up — S.H.Adams

(2) : marked by activity : active

let's be up and doing

b. : marked by confidence and good spirits

in his up periods he joked and talked — Cyril Connolly

c. : increased above a former level (as of quantity or price)

bank loans were up six percent — Harvey Walker

Sunday school enrollment is up — Ben Bradford

fever was down, appetite was up — G.W.Gray b. 1886

d.

(1) : marked by greater than usual power or strength

haunts the sandbar now and growls when the wind is up — Laurence Critchell

the lights in the drawing room on the first floor … were up — Margery Allingham

(2) : exerting enough force or power (as for operation)

the ship will sail as soon as steam is up

I'll make a pot of tea. The fire is just up — Katharine Shattuck

e. : sailing on the way : bound

a ship now up for the tropics

f. : effervescent

took a sip to see if the champagne was still up

g. : ready

was up to any party of pleasure — W.M.Thackeray

specifically : marked by a high degree of physical and psychological preparedness

players will be up for the conference opponents and traditional rivals — H.O.Crisler

h.

(1) : going on : taking place

went out to see what was up — Francis Shean

begins to realize something is up — Anne Brooks

(2) : wrong , amiss

there was something up with her voice — Richard Llewellyn

3.

a. : come to an end : completed, ended , terminated

the ringing of a bell in the classroom means that the hour is up — Ralph Linton

his term of duty is nearly up — A.H.Townsend

the game is up at 15 points

b. Britain : adjourned

Parliament was up — C.E.Robinson

c. : come to an undesired end

the game's all up with him

the hunt was now fairly up and a crowd nearly 50 strong was racing down the wharf after them — Max Peacock

d. : set in type

the editorial is all up

4.

a. : standing high (as in status or fortune) : having risen from a lower position

at graduation he was well up in his class

can almost tell which industries are down and which are up , from the gifts — Sanford Brown

choose management material not from men up from the bench but from young college-trained technicians — Time

b. : situated forward with respect to others

his horse is well up

c. archaic : much spoken about

d. : being or having arrived on the same level or at the same point : equal , even

there were no dragging ends in the rear … nobody complaining that food or ammunition was not up — Everybody's Magazine

— often used with to or with

was well up to the average of her class — F.W.Crofts

did not feel quite up to par and proposed to rest — Alexander MacDonald

discovers he is up with the best of them

e. : advanced in age

lived until she was up in the eighties

f.

(1) : well informed through study or experience : quite familiar : abreast — usually used with on

his friends are up on the very latest things in the arts — Geoffrey Gorer

— also used with in or to

well up in these things — J.B.Smyth

(2) : being on schedule : not fallen behind — usually used with on or in

said he was up on his homework

g. : ahead of one's opponent (as in a game)

in spite of being set four tricks they were still up

was three up on the second hole

black is a pawn up

h. : being at or near the top (as of a list)

rehashing … the rumors of names up for rotation — T.H.Phillips

i. : being the higher pair in a poker hand consisting of two pairs

queens up

5.

a.

(1) : bound in a direction regarded as up (as toward the north, an important city, or the source of a river)

caught the up train to town

a very small fraction of the up traffic — Werner Mangold

(2) : of or relating to traffic bound in a direction regarded as up

checked his suitcase on the up side of the station

b. chiefly Britain

(1) : staying temporarily in a more important place (as London)

(2) : resident at a university or a school

was up … with my wife as an undergraduate — W.B.Millen

was still the depth of the vacation, and there were only a few scholars up — C.P.Snow

c. : placed so as to hold the rudder far to leeward

the tiller is up

d. : blowing from a mark used in archery toward the shooter

a strong up wind

e. : confined to prison

6.

a.

(1) : being under consideration (as for the making of a decision)

the bill is now up before Congress

the question is now up to the full cabinet and a decision is expected — H.T.Simmons

(2) : presented for consideration (as for the making of a decision) : due to be considered

is up for reelection — Elmer Davis

is now up for sale — S.P.B.Mais

a labor contract is up for negotiation — Securities Outlook

specifically : present (as in a court) and charged with an offense

is up for rape — Charles Oldfather

b. : placed at stake : bet , wagered

many thousands of dollars were up on the match

- up against

- up against it

- up to

III. verb

( upped or in intransitive verb 1 up ; upped ; upping ; ups or in intransitive verb 1 up )

Etymology: up (I)

intransitive verb

1. : to act abruptly or surprisingly — usually followed by and and another verb

he up and married a show girl — Michael Mackay

the jackass upped and died — Springfield (Massachusetts) Union

no sooner is a girl qualified to be a doctor than she ups with some white-jacketed junior bandage wrapper and is off with him to a suburban villa — R.P.Lister

2. : to rise from a lying or sitting position : get up

3. : to move upward : rise , ascend

4. : to raise one's hand or arm especially quickly and aggressively — followed by with

upped with a shotgun and opened some rain holes in the cloth top — F.B.Gipson

transitive verb

1. : to catch a swan in order to put the owner's mark on the beak

2.

a. : to move to a physically higher position : raise , lift

ups flukes and goes down again — W.J.Hopkins

upped sail — John Buchan

b.

(1) : to raise to a higher level : increase , advance

upped the fare from 10 cents to 15 cents a ride — Gus Tyler

cattle growers upped meat production — New York Times

(2) : to put into a higher occupational position : promote

has been upped to general merchandising director — Bennett Cerf

(3) : raise 17

3. : to put (the helm) up

IV. (|)əp preposition

Etymology: up (I)

1.

a. : from a lower to a higher place on or along : to, toward, or at a higher point of

climbing up a tree

building a cogwheel railway up the mountain — American Guide Series: New Hampshire

the heat which is normally wasted up the chimney — Ronald Robson

a child can be shifted horizontally as he progresses up the school — G.B.Jeffery

it might be snowing up the mountain — J.M.Brinnin

b. : up into or in the

go up garret and play — B.F.Taylor

asked was there anything up attic — Robert Frost

2. : in a direction regarded as being toward or near the upper end or part of

a journey up one of the valleys — L.D.Stamp

as

a. : toward or at a point that is closer to the source or beginning of

a steamer groping her way up river — Cicely F. Smith

these fish winter up the river — Biological Abstracts

b. : toward or near the inner part of

walks up the walk — Edna S.V.Millay

advanced up the room — J.G.Cozzens

will find himself trapped up a dead end — H.A.Burr

c. : to, toward, or in the interior of (as a region)

traveling up the country

up country in the coffee and cotton plantations … life is rougher — William Tate

d. : toward the north along or through

lives a few miles up the coast

withdrew his army up the island — H.E.Scudder

— often used in combination with a following noun to form adjectives and adverbs

an auction of up county farm land — Lonnie Coleman

the water would then flow up dip through the more porous strata — C.G.Lalicker

3. : in the direction opposite to : against

up the wind

4.

a. : in a direction parallel to the length of : along

took his arm and they began to walk together up the street — William Fay

b. : nearby on

as familiar as the man who lives up the street

V. ˈəp noun

( -s )

Etymology: up (I) & up (II)

1. : one that is in a high or advantageous position

the savor of the book lies in … figures in the crowd, in the downs as well as the ups — Ernestine Evans

2. : an upward slope

3. : a period or state of prosperity or success

unions always thrive most in times of business ups or business downs — Kiplinger Washington Letter

has had downs as well as ups since he became … commander of the northern expeditionary forces — New Republic

4. : a rise in value or price

- in two ups

- on the up

VI. abbreviation

upper

VII. adjective

: being a constituent of nucleons and having the quantum characteristics of an electric charge of + 2/3 and a baryon number of 1/3

up quark

— compare down herein

VIII. noun

1. : a feeling of contentment, excitement, or euphoria

2. : upper herein

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.