Meaning of ABUSE in English
I. a ‧ buse 1 S2 W3 /əˈbjuːs/ BrE AmE noun
1 . [plural, uncountable] cruel or violent treatment of someone:
several cases of child abuse
Many children suffer racial abuse at school.
An independent committee will look into alleged human rights abuses.
2 . [uncountable and countable] the use of something in a way that it should not be used SYN misuse
government officials’ abuse of power
A self-monitoring tax system is clearly open to abuse (=able to be used wrongly) .
alcohol/drug abuse (=the practice of drinking too much or taking illegal drugs) ⇨ ↑ solvent abuse
3 . [uncountable] rude or offensive things that someone says when they are angry:
vandalism and verbal abuse directed at old people
a torrent/stream of abuse (=a series of rude or angry words)
shout/hurl/scream abuse at somebody
The other driver started hurling abuse at me.
⇨ a term of abuse at ↑ term 1 (3)
II. a ‧ buse 2 /əˈbjuːz/ BrE AmE verb [transitive]
[ Date: 1400-1500 ; Language: French ; Origin: abuser , from Latin abusus , past participle of abuti , from ab- 'away' + uti 'to use' ]
1 . to treat someone in a cruel and violent way, often sexually
She was sexually abused as a child.
2 . to deliberately use something for the wrong purpose or for your own advantage:
Williams abused his position as Mayor to give jobs to his friends.
Morris abused the trust the firm had shown in him.
people who abuse the system
The proportion of drinkers who abuse alcohol is actually quite small.
3 . to say rude or offensive things to someone SYN insult :
Many soldiers in Belfast are verbally abused.
He came to the help of another driver who was being racially abused by three white passengers.
4 . to treat something so badly that you start to destroy it:
James abused his body for years with heroin and cocaine.
—abuser noun [countable]
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English. Longman - Словарь современного английского языка. 2012