Meaning of DOCK in English

DOCK

I. dock 1 /dɒk $ dɑːk/ BrE AmE noun

[ Date: 1300-1400 ; Language: Middle Dutch ; Origin: docke ]

1 . [countable] a place in a port where ships are loaded, unloaded, or repaired ⇨ dry dock :

A crowd was waiting at the dock to greet them.

in dock

The ship is in dock for repairs.

2 . the docks [plural] the area of a port where there are docks:

James arrived at the docks expecting to see a luxury liner.

3 . [countable] American English a ↑ jetty

4 . the dock the part of a law court where the person who is charged with a crime stands

in the dock

Three defendants stood in the dock.

5 . in the dock especially British English thought to have done something dishonest, harmful, or wrong:

These chemicals remain in the dock until we have more scientific evidence.

6 . [uncountable and countable] a plant with thick green leaves that grows wild in Britain:

a dock leaf

7 . [countable] a piece of equipment that connects a ↑ portable media player to a computer, television etc

• • •

THESAURUS

▪ port noun [uncountable and countable] a place where ships can be loaded and unloaded:

a busy port

|

We’ll have two days ashore while the ship is in port.

|

The ferry was about to leave port.

▪ harbour British English , harbor American English noun [countable] an area of water next to the land which is protected by walls so the water is calm, and is a place where ships can stay when they are not sailing:

They sailed into Portsmouth Harbour

|

Tourist boats leave the harbour at Riva regularly.

|

the harbour wall

▪ dock [uncountable and countable] a place in a port where ships are loaded, unloaded, or repaired:

A crowd was waiting at the dock to greet them.

|

The ship was in dock for repairs.

▪ pier a structure that is built over and into the water so that boats can stop next to it or people can walk along it:

The yacht was moored at a pier.

▪ jetty noun [countable] a wall or platform built out into the water, used for getting on and off boats:

a wooden jetty

|

The house has a private jetty.

▪ mooring noun [countable] the place where a ship or boat is fastened to the land or to the bottom of the sea:

Tugs towed the boat away from its mooring at White Bay.

▪ marina noun [countable] a harbour where people keep boats which are used for pleasure:

They are building a new 220-berth marina.

|

The apartments have a private marina.

II. dock 2 BrE AmE verb

[ Sense 1,3-4: Date: 1500-1600 ; Origin: ⇨ ↑ dock 1 ]

[ Sense 2,5: Date: 1300-1400 ; Origin: Probably from Old English docca 'muscle' ]

1 . SHIPS [intransitive and transitive] if a ship docks, or if the captain docks it, it sails into a dock so that it can unload

dock at/in

We docked at Rangoon the next morning.

2 . dock sb’s wages/pay/salary to reduce the amount of money you pay someone as a punishment:

The company has threatened to dock the officers’ pay.

3 . COMPUTERS [transitive] to connect two computers using an electrical wire

dock something to/into/with something

Users can dock a laptop to their desktop setup.

4 . SPACECRAFT [intransitive + with] if two spacecraft dock, they join together in space

5 . ANIMALS [transitive] to cut an animal’s tail short

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.