Meaning of PARTITION in English

PARTITION

I. par ‧ ti ‧ tion 1 /pɑːˈtɪʃ ə n $ pər-, pɑːr-/ BrE AmE noun

[ Word Family: noun : ↑ part , ↑ counterpart , ↑ parting , ↑ partition ; adverb : ↑ part , ↑ partially , ↑ partly ; adjective : ↑ partial , ↑ parting , ↑ part ; verb : ↑ part , ↑ partition ]

[ Date: 1400-1500 ; Language: French ; Origin: Latin partitio , from partire ; ⇨ ↑ part 2 ]

1 . [countable] a thin wall that separates one part of a room from another

2 . [uncountable] the action of separating a country into two or more independent countries

partition of

the partition of India

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THESAURUS

▪ wall an upright flat structure made of stone or brick, that divides one area from another or surrounds an area:

The estate is surrounded by high stone walls.

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a brick wall

▪ fence a structure made of wood, metal etc that surrounds a piece of land:

The garden was surrounded by an old wooden fence.

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the chain link fence around the school

▪ railings a metal fence that is made of a series of upright bars:

the iron railings in front of the house

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The boy was leaning over the railing on the side of the boat.

▪ barrier a type of fence or gate that prevents people from moving in a particular direction:

A guard stood near the barrier.

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The police had put up barriers to keep the crowd under control.

▪ screen a piece of furniture like a thin wall that can be moved around and is used to divide one part of a room from another:

the screen around his hospital bed

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a Japanese bamboo screen

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a fire screen (=that you put near a fire)

▪ partition a thin wall that separates one part of a room from another:

The room was divided into two by a thin partition.

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The offices are separated by partitions and you can hear everything that is said in the next office.

▪ barricade a line of objects that people have put across a road, to prevent people getting past, especially as part of a protest:

The soldiers used tanks to smash through the barricades.

II. partition 2 BrE AmE verb [transitive + into]

[ Word Family: noun : ↑ part , ↑ counterpart , ↑ parting , ↑ partition ; adverb : ↑ part , ↑ partially , ↑ partly ; adjective : ↑ partial , ↑ parting , ↑ part ; verb : ↑ part , ↑ partition ]

to divide a country, building, or room into two or more parts

partition something ↔ off phrasal verb

to divide part of a room from the rest by using a partition:

They partitioned off part of the living room to make a study.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.