Meaning of RESISTANCE in English

RESISTANCE

re ‧ sist ‧ ance S3 W3 /rɪˈzɪst ə ns/ BrE AmE noun

1 . AGAINST CHANGE [singular, uncountable] a refusal to accept new ideas or changes

resistance to

people’s resistance to change

resistance from

The no-smoking policy was introduced with little resistance from staff.

2 . FIGHTING [singular, uncountable] fighting against someone who is attacking you

put up/offer resistance

Rebel gunmen have put up strong resistance.

3 . AGAINST INFECTION/ILLNESS [singular, uncountable] the natural ability of a person, animal, or plant to stop diseases or difficult conditions from harming them

resistance to

the body’s resistance to infection

disease resistance

4 . wind/air/water resistance the way in which wind, air, or water can cause a moving object such as a car, plane, or boat to slow down

5 . ELECTRICITY [uncountable] the ability of a substance to stop the flow of an electric current through it

6 . the resistance ( also the Resistance ) an organization that secretly fights against an enemy that controls their country

7 . the line/path of least resistance if you follow the path of least resistance, you avoid making difficult decisions and choose the easiest solution to a problem – often used to show disapproval:

Many people don’t make changes because they’re following the path of least resistance.

Kirk always just takes the line of least resistance.

⇨ ↑ passive resistance

• • •

COLLOCATIONS (for Meanings 1 & 2)

■ adjectives

▪ strong resistance

He prepared for strong resistance to the changes.

▪ stiff resistance (=strong resistance)

The city government is facing some stiff resistance.

▪ considerable resistance (=fairly strong resistance)

The proposals met with considerable resistance from our American colleagues.

▪ fierce resistance

Endeavours to change their religion had provoked fierce resistance.

▪ stubborn resistance

The stubborn resistance of the people remains an inspiring example.

▪ heroic resistance

The threat of invasion drew the Greek cities together in heroic resistance to the Persians.

▪ token resistance (=not great or sincere)

He put up only a token resistance.

▪ passive resistance (=a way of protesting against something or opposing a government without using violence)

Suffragettes resorted to passive resistance as the only weapon at their disposal.

■ verbs

▪ put up resistance (=resist someone or something)

If the rest of us are agreed, I don’t think he’ll put up much resistance.

▪ offer resistance

The demonstrators offered no resistance.

▪ meet (with) resistance ( also encounter resistance formal ) (=be resisted)

Attempts to modify the curriculum have met with strong resistance in many colleges.

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The troops advanced swiftly, encountering only minor resistance.

▪ overcome resistance (=fight and win against it)

How can he overcome resistance to the idea in Congress?

▪ crush resistance (=end it by force)

He added that any resistance would be crushed.

■ resistance + NOUN

▪ the resistance movement (=all the people who work together to resist military forces controlling their country)

Members of the resistance movement were arrested and shot.

▪ a resistance group

The resistance groups are well armed.

▪ a resistance fighter

Resistance fighters had captured a German officer.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.