Meaning of RESISTANCE in English

RESISTANCE

/ rɪˈzɪstəns; NAmE / noun

1.

[ U , sing. ] resistance (to sb/sth) dislike of or opposition to a plan, an idea, etc.; refusal to obey :

As with all new ideas it met with resistance.

There has been a lot of resistance to this new law.

Resistance to change has nearly destroyed the industry.

2.

[ U , sing. ] resistance (to sb/sth) the act of using force to oppose sb/sth :

armed resistance

The defenders put up a strong resistance .

The demonstrators offered little or no resistance to the police.

3.

[ U , sing. ] resistance (to sth) the power not to be affected by sth :

AIDS lowers the body's resistance to infection.

4.

[ U , sing. ] resistance (to sth) a force that stops sth moving or makes it move more slowly :

wind / air resistance (= in the design of planes or cars)

5.

[ U , C ] ( physics ) ( symb R ) the opposition of a piece of electrical equipment, etc. to the flow of a direct current

—compare reactance

6.

(often the Resistance ) [ sing.+ sing./pl. v . ] a secret organization that resists the authorities, especially in a country that an enemy has control of :

resistance fighters

IDIOMS

see line noun

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WORD ORIGIN

late Middle English : from French résistance , from late Latin resistentia , from the verb resistere hold back, from re- (expressing opposition) + sistere stop (reduplication of stare to stand).

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.