Meaning of SCHOOL in English

SCHOOL

I. school 1 S1 W1 /skuːl/ BrE AmE noun

[ Word Family: noun : ↑ school , pre-school, ↑ schooling ; verb : ↑ school ; adjective : PRE-SCHOOL ]

[ Language: Old English ; Origin: scol , from Latin schola , from Greek schole 'discussion, school' ]

1 . WHERE CHILDREN LEARN [uncountable and countable] a place where children are taught:

His mother always used to pick him up from school.

2 . TIME AT SCHOOL [uncountable]

a) a day’s work at school:

School begins at 8.30.

before/after school

I’ll see you after school.

b) the time during your life when you go to school:

He’s one of my old friends from school.

Children start school between the ages of four and five.

3 . UNIVERSITY [uncountable and countable]

a) American English a college or university, or the time when you study there:

Their kids are away at school now.

She was going to school in Boston.

b) a department or group of departments that teaches a particular subject at a university

school of

the Harvard School of Public Health

law/medical/business/graduate school

After two years of medical school, I thought I knew everything.

4 . ONE SUBJECT [countable] a place where a particular subject or skill is taught:

a language school in Brighton

school of

Amwell School of Motoring

5 . at school

a) in the school building:

I can get some work done while the kids are at school.

b) British English attending a school, rather than being at college or university or having a job:

We’ve got two children at school, and one at university.

6 . in school

a) in the school building:

Sandra’s not in school today.

b) American English attending a school or university rather than having a job:

Are your boys still in school?

7 . ART [countable] a number of people who are considered as a group because of their similar style of work:

the Impressionist school

8 . school of thought an opinion or way of thinking about something that is shared by a group of people:

There are two main schools of thought on the subject.

9 . of/from the old school with old-fashioned values or qualities:

a family doctor of the old school

10 . FISH [countable] a large group of fish, ↑ whale s , ↑ dolphin s etc that are swimming together

school of

a school of whales

• • •

COLLOCATIONS (for Meanings 1 & 2)

■ verbs

▪ go to school

Did you go to school in Paris?

▪ attend (a) school formal (=go to a school)

Some of the children had not attended school very regularly before.

▪ start school

Children in Britain start school when they are five.

▪ leave school

He left school when he was 16.

▪ send somebody to school

His parents sent him to a private school.

■ ADJECTIVES/NOUN + school

▪ a state school British English , a public school American English (=a school that gets its money from the government)

Universities want to encourage more applicants from state schools.

▪ a private school ( also a public school British English ) (=a school where students pay to study)

He was educated at a private school.

▪ sb’s old school (=the school someone went to when they were young)

He went back to his old school to give a talk to the children.

▪ a local school (=a school near where someone lives)

They sent their kids to the local school.

▪ a boarding school (=a school where children also live and sleep)

▪ a day school (=a school where children go during the day but go home in the evenings)

The school is both a boarding school and a day school.

▪ a nursery school (=for children under 5)

▪ an infant school British English (=for children aged 5 to 7)

▪ a primary school British English , an elementary school American English (=for children up to 11)

Their children are still at primary school.

▪ a secondary school ( also a high school British English ) (=for children from 11 to 16 or 18)

▪ a high school American English (=a school for students aged 14 to 18)

▪ a comprehensive school British English (=a secondary school for all children)

▪ a grammar school British English (=a secondary school for children who have passed an exam when they are 11)

■ school + NOUN

▪ school students ( also school pupils British English )

Most school students have musical interests of some kind.

▪ a school friend

She met some old school friends.

▪ a school uniform

He was still wearing his school uniform.

▪ the school holidays British English

The trip will take place during the school holidays.

▪ the school run British English (=the journey taking children to and from school each day)

She had to be back in time for the school run.

▪ the school playground

▪ the school library

▪ the school hall

▪ the school bus

▪ the school curriculum

Head teachers were asked to incorporate road safety education in the school curriculum.

▪ school meals/lunches ( also school dinners British English )

We provide good-quality school meals.

▪ a school governor British English (=an elected person who works with teachers to make decisions about how a school is organized)

The school governors have appointed a new head teacher.

▪ the school board American English (=the group of people who are elected to govern a school or group of schools)

The courts have upheld the school board's right to dismiss striking teachers.

▪ the school day

Most children are tired at the end of the school day.

• • •

THESAURUS

■ of animals

▪ herd a group of cows, deer, or elephants:

A herd of cows was blocking the road.

▪ team a group of people who work together:

She is being cared for by a team of doctors.

▪ flock a group of sheep or birds:

a flock of seagulls

|

The farmer has over 100 sheep in his flock.

▪ pack a group of dogs or wolves:

Some dogs are bred to work in packs.

▪ litter a group of kittens or puppies born at one time to a particular mother:

He was one of a litter of seven puppies.

▪ school/shoal a group of fish or dolphins:

Piranha fish live in shoals in the wild.

II. school 2 BrE AmE verb [transitive]

[ Word Family: noun : ↑ school , pre-school, ↑ schooling ; verb : ↑ school ; adjective : PRE-SCHOOL ]

1 . old-fashioned to train or teach someone to have a certain skill, type of behaviour, or way of thinking

be schooled in (doing) something

She was schooled in hiding her emotions.

2 . to educate a child

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.